GEO 135 - Week 14 Notes
GEO 135 - Week 14 Notes GEO 135
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shannon Surell on Friday November 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEO 135 at Illinois State University taught by David Johnson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Education and Teacher Studies at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 11/20/15
David Johnson World Geography Week 14 Notes Renaissance Ignited by the changes in Europe by the Medieval Warm Period Rediscovery of knowledge Only uniting factor in Europe United Catholic Church Mechanical clock compass and astrolabe were important navigational tool Protestant Reformation Martin Luther Renaissance man rather than a man of new age Not the first to talk about a religious reformation 0 Jan Huse talked about it first October 3lst Martin Luther started posting things on the door of the church Thesis an idea put forth that will be discussed intellectual proposition Idea that you can question authority came about now Enlightenment Age of Reason 16005 17008 0 Reason of classical scholars was the most important of this time period 0 Then they moved on to each person being able to reason by themselves 0 Commercial Revolution I Made the world into its modern capitalistic economy I Commercial economic theory came out of this Mercantilism I Mercantilism theory on how to get rich m having large amounts of valuable or growing in value things They didn t worry much about land Gold silver precious metals jewels etc Disregards the local economy Manufacturing plays a role but the whole point is to get more gold to become more rich 0 Political Revolution I Occurred because the exploration of gold changed the situation in Europe and specifically England They got more and more gold but only those who went out to trade for it the commercial class worked very hard to trade for it and keeping the gold the land owning class wasn t getting as rich as the commercial class I The people with the gold makes the rules and controls things I Thomas Hooker first guy to lay down a set of theories of government secular that were different than how you run the church 0 Father of modern government I friction between newly rich middle class and the aristocracy 0 they had had a civil war and it had turned out bad for the king and the parliament turned out ok 0 Parliament actually had no idea about what they were doing I John Locke explained how we know things 0 Natural rights are key I Two treaties of government 0 Everyone has rights but the government only has the rights that people give them I Treaty of Westphalia 1648 0 End a war in Europe 0 Recognizes the sovereign existence of government separate from the Monarch 1St time 0 Industrial Revolution I Result of the other revolutions Regionalism Push factors political freedom economic freedom religious freedom Pull factors help decide where to go 0 Go to Western Europe because that s where the jobs are On average 14 children are born to every women in Europe Nativism EuroMuslims o Selfidentified group that has separate aims than those that are British or French 0 Contrast with indigenous population I Religious institutions are weakening 0 Becoming much more secular and modern 0 Creates societal disconnect friction I Material secularism rising I AntiIslamic policies 0 Its more important about how you are perceived rather than what your actions are 0 Cultural disconnect I European mainstream incompatible with Islamic traditions I Gravitate to illegal activities 0 Probably a result of the first bullet point o Anomie you do not identify with the norms of society and then life becomes us vs them 0 Modern example drug trade I Turn to Islamic fundamentalism 0 Any group that is involved in a larger society that the think they do not fit into it is natural for them to look back at their core values for Muslims it is looking back at the seventh century and the pias predecessors theological name for it or fundamentalism Languages of Europe Number of different families 0 Blue Germanic languages Area that starts with a K in the middle of the languages map is Russia s warm water place to trade Religious Patterns of Europe Majority of Europe is a version of Christianity Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Church of England or Eastern Orthodox Small portion is Muslim Rites certain ways of practicing religion Where there is a lot of industry is where most Muslims moved to 70 AD the Roman Empire got fed up with the Jews and Palestine Diaspora scatter just like you scatter grass seed that s what the Roman Empire did in 70 AD to the Jewish people After World War II the Jewish people migrated to Palestine to reestablish Israel Spatial Interaction Complementarity one can meet others needs 0 Two groups in same area do they function together Can they easily get along Transferability and can get it there 0 Characteristic of the area can it move from point A to B and maintain its integrity Intervening opportunity along the way 0 Movement and identification of a group by moving from one place to another and small groups of members may drop off at other locations on the way there Modern European history Polarity an individual nation or society or a series of them that decide what is going to go on in the world 0 Could be complete dominance or just having an in uence 0 Who can affect changes 0 Multipolarity no dominant nation of the time and things would get done by using a conference o Lasted until the second world war held for several hundred years or from the treaty of Westphalia until 2nd World War 0 Then the world broke up into a Bipolar world I United States and the Soviet Union were the only two countries strong enough to have an impact on the world were the only two countries not devastated by the war I This occurred during the Cold War I Then the Soviet Union went broke 0 Then the world became a Unipolar world I The United States was the sole world power not true in all situations 0 The world is going back towards a multipolar world I China Brazil India Russia etc are gaining power I Japan is gaining military power 0 During the second world war the world was dominated by Germany and most of the dark green and some light green countries on the map were dominated by Germany union membership map Then the British came into Europe from the West The Germans went against Russia but used to be Allies with Russia Allied forces left side of Iron Curtain Russian forces right side of Iron Curtain Iron Curtain Border between East and West iron barber wire fence I People escaped on a routine basis not in large numbers Berlin Wall Western sections of Berlin 0 Winning Countries of WWII US Russia Britain and France I There were going to be zones of distinction of Berlin but then all the countries joined together except Russia who kept their own piece 0 Many airfields in Berlin 0 Because of Iron Curtain people from East Germany Czechoslovakia etc the people had trouble getting to the West 0 The Soviet Zone of Berlin was part of the Soviet sphere and the people could travel to the Russian occupied part of Berlin for free and then they could go to any of the other three countries zones and then would be free 0 Caused a Brain Drain the people who were the best educated got up and left the area 0 This became such a problem for the communist regime so summer of 1961 the East Germans built a wall to prevent people from escaping the Soviet government 0 End of 1989 the Berlin Wall began to get knocked down because someone higher up sent the wrong message and it said to let the people out 00000 0 European Expansionism 1949 formation of NATO organized when they realized they need to do something about Russian expansionism still slightly in formation today