Week 13 Notes
Week 13 Notes PY 370
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Friday November 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 11/20/15
Review 1 Founder of humanistic psychology a Maslow 2 Founder of humanistic therapy a Rogers 3 Top of pyramid of needs a Selfactualization 1 in 50 people according to Maslow 4 Characteristic of someone who reached nal level a Don t sweat the little things nonconforming 5 Humanistic psychology rejected which schools of thought a Behaviorism and Psychnoanalysis Going Back to Behaviorism Stimulus l response Can predict response easily Humans not given much credit easily programmable Not much attention given to process in btwn stimulus and response Edward Tolman Welloff MA upbringing in uenced by William James Principles ofPsych functionalism leaves MIT hard sci sctudy l study psych at Harvard under William James good relationship bc similar personalities Tolman behaviorist studying rats Common early psychologists known as quotrat runnersquot Observations rats made cognitive mat Came to understand surroundings learn environment Not just walking around looking for food Could get out of maze even when blocks introduced Didn t need to food incentive more to rats than we thought l Behaviorist rejecting behaviorism weakening an already waning eld Gestalt psychology already challenging it Cognitive Revolution Behaviorist school of thought coming to an end major shift in focus 1950519705 interest in cognitive psychology memory attention problemsolving language intelligence inner workings of mind reminiscent of Wundt better methodology than Wundt s introspection more reliable instruments full circle George Miller Major gure in cognitive psychology Originally a behaviorist started to change mind like Toleman Wants empirical testing establishes Center for Cognitive Studies Harvard EXAM Q Lab space marks true beginning of cognitive psychology quotMagical Number Sever Plus or Minus 2 digits we can recall in working memory 1st truly scienti c method of quantifying psych concept hugely cited paper great fame Ulric Neisser 1st cognitive psychology textbook Cognitive Psychology assault on Behaviorism computer metaphorical model of mind relating to modern technology keyboard senses storage memory screen conscious mind
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