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Sociology chapter 13

by: Caoimhe Notetaker

Sociology chapter 13 Soci2010

Marketplace > Tulane University > Sociology > Soci2010 > Sociology chapter 13
Caoimhe Notetaker
GPA 3.7
Foundations of Sociology
David Maddox

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Foundations of Sociology
David Maddox
Class Notes
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Sunday November 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Soci2010 at Tulane University taught by David Maddox in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Sociology in Sociology at Tulane University.


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Date Created: 11/22/15
Chapter 13 Family 11122015 Group of people who live together and share biological or legal ties family Minority subcultures poor people might create wide networks of caretaking and nancial support that doesn t t in any category of family De nition constantly changes and expands with social change Many cultures have kinship systems Cultural meanings guide de nitions perceptions and decisions about who is a member of ones family and who is not Family of orientation family linked to us by birth Family of procreation relatives we gain over our lives 0 Controversy over use of word procreate with same sex and not married couples Who is part of nuclear family and who is extended kin Social parents v biological parents As boundaries of kinship systems grow and de nition of parenthood blur it is increasingly dif cult to chart Changing and increasing diversity of living situations lead to contention over what constitutes family Changes in family re ect weakening of family values 0 People argue change in livingfamily arrangements points to fear of commitment o This belief ignores the positives of new family form Expansion of equalitypersonal choice a Liberation of women Evaluates rather than explains Second theory economic restructuring 0 Economic changes required change in family form 0 Third theory gender restricting Structure of workplace still assumes a caretaker at home Focuses on dilemmas and paradoxes created by inconsistentcontradictory social arrangements Americans consider having a good marriage as one of the most important goals Rise of industrialization decrease in arranged marriages New economic system conjugal family autonomous married couple Deinstitutionalized marriagecohabitation serial relationships same sex Marry for love 99 and companionship 82 nancial stability 31 55 of married women with children less than 1 are employed Assumption that women are likely to opt out of working when they have children is misleading Unequal second shift paid work and domestic work mostly women Parents today spend MORE time with their children Major transitions into adulthood are taking place later graduation jobs married Children as a whole do not suffer when mother works outside home 0 Instead mothers satisfaction with her situation the quality of care her children receive and the involvement of a father other caretaker are more important Children fare better in 2 parent household because of dual earnings Effect of divorce depends on the circumstances that surround the divorce before and after No consequential effects on children who are reared by same sex couples Same sex and opposite sex couples have VERY similar childrearing practices When families are able to respond to challenges by re ecting narrow roles in favor of exible family practices they are better positioned to create more nancial stable Emotionally supportive homes Concerted cultivation middle class v natural growth working class 0 Same values different access to resources US needs family policies that promote equal opportunity tolerance and individual responsibility but that does so in the context of collective support for diverse family forms Antidiscrimination policy that protects rights of parents will equal playing eld for women and create farer practices for men who want to be involved in child rearing


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