Week 2 Lecture notes- Psychology
Week 2 Lecture notes- Psychology PSY 1001
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Boileau on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1001 at University of Iowa taught by Amy Poremba in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Elementary Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Iowa.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
Week 2 Monday Januaw 26 2 15 1138 AM Pearson Tune up browser Do steps one and two when you sign up for Pearson Do not use internet explorer Videos are on icon Where does knowledge come from More concerned With the sCIentIfIc way in which our brain does knowledge History of Psych I Foundations of Psychology a Philosophy I Professor Boring b Physiology a Prof at Harvard Father of Psych i 2 Pillars Philosophy and Physiology are illustrated by a Wilhelm Wundt 18321920 1 Socrates Aristotle Locke Hume and others L University of Leipzig 2 Helmholtz dDarwin Muller and many others ii Founded the first psychological lab in 1879 iii Developed tech of introspection iv Theory of structuralism b Best known for i Establishment of the first psych lab his influence on the school of thought known as structuralism Introspection c Psych did not exist yet so he studied physiology III Other Important Milestones in the history of psych a James functionalism i Harvard University ii Opposed structuralism iii Proposed functionalism how mental processes work II Philosophy a Nature vs nuture i Depate continues in psych ii Knowledge born with or learned 1 Little of both b NeuronalCommunication i Neuronal Communication can be measured suggesting mental processes might be measured iv Emphasized the continuous flow of consciousness l Wundt v Heavily influenced by Darwin a Introspection vi Hoped to understand the adaptive i Selfexamination and reflection b Freud39s influence the unconscious ii Unreliable and biased i Psychoanalysis 1 Tend to want to hide things 1 Majorfigures were Freud and Jung iii Used today in clinical but best used when applied to 2 Focused on internal psychological processes of which we39re unaware other TEChnlques 3 Focused on honest conscious stream of thought iV ln39EFOSliiec39fiveillUSiOI1 4 Free association v Idea is thought to date back to the ancient Greek 5 Subconscious and dreams philosopher Socrates know thyself and quotthe 6 Freudian slip unexamined life is not worth livingquot 7 Sexuality vi Introspection is selfobservation exam and reflection c Behaviorism vii Bias is a crucial problem introspective illusion i Psych should only study observable behavior ii Hidden mental processes consciousness memory and thought should not be studied b STFUCTUFalism The components of the brain The small pieces that make up the brain and compose d Reactions to Freud i Ivan Pavlov Nobel prize winner 39 ii John Watson the behavior of a person e Skinner iii Edward Titchener Major figures were Watson and skinner 1 Majorfigures were Wundt Focuses on uncovering the general laws of learning by looking outside the organism 2 Almed T0 Iden39flfY The most baSIC Elements 01 Scientific rigor psychological experience f The cognitive revolution 3 Analyze complex behavior by breaking the g Neuroscience Biopsychology Behavioral Neuroscience behaVior into its componen39f Part5 ex Lecture 2 Research methods Correlational and experimental Positive and negative correlation Positive other variable moves in the same direction Negative variables move in opposite directions Research based on correlation The 3rd variable might in uence the 2 others in the research confounds variables and biases Ex ice cream sales and homicides both increase the 3rd variable is more heat its not that these two things nesessarily interact or cause each other39s in ux Correlation is not causal Cause and effect is established through a conducted experiment 1 Hypothesis based off prior research 2 Independent variable is manipulated who receives what 3 Dependent variable is measured quotT testsquot compare the mean of both groups and determine if the correlation is by chance or if the variable is affecting the outcome All potential variables should be considered like preexisting differences Random assignment creates difference between groups Bias systematically affects participant39s performance What to avoid Demand characteristicscues revealing the experiment to the participants Double blind study both the participant and experimenter are unaware of the variables given to each group Elementary Psych Page 1
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