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PSYC 317 chapter 11 notes

by: Emma Notetaker

PSYC 317 chapter 11 notes PSYC 317

Marketplace > George Mason University > Psychlogy > PSYC 317 > PSYC 317 chapter 11 notes
Emma Notetaker
GPA 3.4
Cognitive Psychology
Mark Blumberg

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About this Document

chapter 11 notes and practice quiz - language
Cognitive Psychology
Mark Blumberg
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Notetaker on Sunday November 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 317 at George Mason University taught by Mark Blumberg in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Psychlogy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 11/22/15
Chapter 11 Language Language system of communication to express feelings thoughts ideas and experiences 0 Heirarchy and governed by rules Universality universal regardless of culture different rules but same development BF Skinner language learned through reinforcement Chomsky language in genes Psycholinguistics process by which humans acquire and process language 0 comprehension 0 speech production 0 representation 0 acquisition Lexicon all words a person understands o Lexical ambiguity words have more than one meaning context helps Phonemes shortest segments of speech that can change the meaning of the word 0 Phonemic Restoration Effect fill in missing phonemes based on context of sentence Morphemes smallest units of language that has meaning Word superiority effect words easiest to understand when they are contained in a word Meaning dominance some words used more frequently than others biased dominance Semantics meaning of words vs syntax rules for combining words to form sentences Parsing mental grouping of words in a sentence into phrases Garden path sentences that appear to be one thing but end up meaning something else Temporary ambiguity initial words are ambiguous but meaning is clear by end of sentence Late closure parser assumes new word is part of current phrase Coherence representation of text in one s mind so that info from one part of the text can be related to another Inference readers create info during reading not explicitly stated in text 0 Anaphoric connect objectsppl o instrumental tools 0 casual events in one clause caused by events in previous sentence Situation model mental rep of what a text is about Givennew contract speaker constructs sentences new info given info Syntactic priming phrase by one person increases chance other person will use it SapirWhorf hypothesis language influences thought Chapter 11 Quiz 1 What is not one of the four components of psycholinguistics a Comprehension b Speech interpretation c Representation d Acquisition e Speech production Which of the following is not a component of speech segmentation a Context b Understanding of meaning c Understanding of sound and syntactic rules d Analytical learning e Statistical learning Word frequency effect respond more rapidly to a Lowfrequency b Low and highfrequency c Highfrequency d Neither When words have 2 meanings with about the same dominance a Biased dominance b Dominance c Equal dominance d Shared dominance e Balanced dominance Activation of the is more extensive for a Prefrontal lobe imagined moments b Cortex actual moments c Hypothalamus actions d Cerebellum perceived moments words


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