Rome: The Eternal City
Rome: The Eternal City clas260-01
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aimee Castillon on Sunday November 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to clas260-01 at George Mason University taught by Arans in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Legacy of Greece & Rome in Classical Studies at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 11/22/15
Organization name Student name acastil7amuedu CLAS 260 0 Fall 2015 Tillligxfil gvtgaeg 39f ictglquotmi Great Seal of USA adopted Roman symbols and Latin expressions He assented the initiative annuit cceptis semper fidelis Marine Corps semper paratus Coast Guard Roman fasces the symbol of unity and authority carried by lictors before the high Roman dignitaries are on the USA dime Paterfamilias Greece amp Rome Similarities IndoEuropean language Mediterranean peninsular location Polytheism mythology arts Rome didn t particularly value education but turned out an administrator of Greece s intellectual estate slavery economy social parallels absorbed much from outside world left a joint legacy to the future Differences Greek Roman Time circular concept mythological Time directional Vectorhistorical inner contradiction from simple to complex good pristine virtues to corrupt modern times sense of polls identity sense of historic destiny Ideology abstractuniversal approach different philosophical schools pragmatic approach Stoicism dominates Greek values perfection both physical and intellectual main Greek virtues beauty physical strength wisdom resourcefulness Roman values purpose influence main Roman virtues piety fidelity responsibility Grees strive for independence Romans strive for domination Mythological religion No mythology adopted readymade from Greeks functional approach to religion What made Rome an empire no empire good or eviwould survive for long unless it had something to offer such as security comforts convenience roads baths public entertainment etc legal system guarantee of rights monetary trade system communications postal services efficient administration keys to the Roman power provincial legions 49 BC Caesar crossed Rubicon year when the secret of imperial power was discovered 69 AD Year of Four Emperors Nero The cult of Vesta was the Galba central sacrosanct of Rome Otho with her temple in the Forum Vitellius and Vestal Virgins keeping Vespasian Flavius the sacred fire The college of Praetorian guards CaligulaClaudiusNero etc installed or removed Vestal virgins enjoyed by the palace soldiers considerable authority in the Backgrounds of the Roman identity matters of the Roman state Etruscans Rhea Silvia was a Vestal Colonies of Magna Graecia virgin of Alba Longa mother TroyBronze Age of Romulus and Remus Roma Quadrata on Palatine Hall picked out at 5 years Periods of Roman History old Monarchy 754 Rome founded51O BC King Tarquin the Proud expelled introduced to temple Republic 51031 BC Brutus first consul Octavian s victory at Actium at 10 against Antony and Cleopatra marriage at around 40 lmperial Rome government structure formally complies to the years old republican constitution Roman Senate and People SPQR In time many plebeian families rose to wealth and prestige Lupercal ltlupus wolf intermarrying and joining the Roman nobility nobiles the powerful elite which included dignitaries of both patrician and plebeian descent Political opposition of the later Republican was optimates vs populares aristocratic vs populist sympathizers Empire 31 BC476 AD Principate of Octavian Augustus Visigoths sack Rome notice that the very foundation of Rome were perverse of the norm the Vestal mother the fratricide Sabine maidens abducted and yet Romans were everproud of the old Roman virtues of the time gone by Tarpeia traitor maiden crushed by the enemy s shields War with Alba Longa 7 Kings of Rome Romulus 753714 BC founded Rome killed Remus abducted Sabine women consecrated the spolia optima Abduction of Sabine Girls since nobody would give their daughters to the allboys gang of the newly founded Rome the Romans invited the citizens of the nearby town Sabinae to the festival of Neptune Consualia and grabbed the marriageable girls to make them the first Roman matrons in a year Sabine women became mothers and broke the fight between their families and their young husbands Numa Pompilius 715673 BC obeyed his wife the nymph Egeria Tullus Hostilius 672641 BC tore Mettius Fufetius of Alba Longa by horses annexed Albans Two Horatii immediately fell dead all 3 Curiatii were wounded The last surviving Horatius unscathed killed the pursuing Curiatii one by one Ancus Marcius 640617 BC waged wars annexed the Latins Tarquinius Priscus 618579 BC Greek immigrant to Etruria married to seeress Tanaquil bought Sibylline Books Tanaquil coached her husband Tarquinius to become the 5th king of Rome Cumaean Sibyl sold 3 books of oracles to King Tarquin the rest 6 of the set she burned in the course of negotiations these old prophecies were kept in the Capitol and consulted on public matters Servius Tullius 578535 BC born slave promoted by Tanaquil reigned fair killed by soninlaw and daughter daughter Tullia conspired with her husband Tarquin the Younger to Lucretia later died murder her old father and her chariot over his body Tarquinius Superbus 534510 BC expelled by Brutus the first Roman Horatius Cocles defends consul Sublician bridge rape of Lucretia by Tarquin the Proud singlehandedly against Junius Brutus Etruscan army while the rear accompanied king s sons to Delphi the oracle told the first to of the bridge is being kiss their mother will rule in Rome Brutus fell and kissed destroyed MotherEarth later condemned his sons to death Early Republic American Society of Mucius Scaevola burns his hand before the Etruscan King Lars Porsenna Cincinnati was established for Escape of hostagegirl Cloelia from Lars Porsenna the benefit of Continental she was restituted Porsenna let her go anyway officers in 1783 Cincinnatus appointed dictator saved the day and promptly returns to his plow 458 BC Famous females Cloelia escaped from Porsenna Egeria nymph wife of Numa Horatia killed by brother for crying Lucretia raped by Tarquin s son killed herself Sabinae abducted by first Romans Sibyl Apollonian prophetess Tanaquil Etruscan seeress wife of Tarquin the Elder Tarpeia treacherous maiden crushed by soldiers Verginia The story of victimized maiden Veriginia honorkilled by her father in order to protect her from the passion of the Decemvir Appius Remember that geese saved Claudius prompted the abolition of Decemvirate and the adoption of Rome the Law of Twelve Tables 450 BC SelfSacrificial Romans Decius Mus offers his life as a Marcus Curtius 362 BC leaped with horse into an open chasm devotio before the battle of Sintenum 295 BC Decii Mures father son grandson successively voted off his life in pledge for winning the battle 340 BC Decius Mus father Latin War near Capua 295 BC Decius Mus son Sentinum vs the coalition of Samnites Etruscans and Gauls 279 BC Decius Mus grandson vs Pyrrhus at Asculum Atilius Regulus 255 BC kept his word to the enemy and returned to die by torture 390 BC Gauls seized Rome and senate had to pay a hefty ransom in gold As Romans complained that the Gauls tilted the scales the Gallic chieftain Brennus put his sword on his side of the scale with the words Vae victis Alas for the losers Cornelia the ideal of a Roman mother she was the mother of brothers Gracchi the Tribunes of Plebs both assassinated in public unrest over their cause of the land reform rejects proposal by Ptolemy VIII of Egypt