Popular in History of Sports in Western History
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Holly Melton on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2444 at East Carolina University taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see History of Sports in Western History in History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
Business of Sports Relocation & Expansion The relocation of baseball team owners wanted new stadiums, fan bases, and mass media In 1953, two teams moved to big homes and therefore started the relocation of baseball and other sports teams The Dodgers moved from New York to LA because the stadiums had little parking spaces and seating The Los Angeles Dodgers began in 1958, Walter O’Malley wanted a bigger stadium In 1961, MLB started an expansion program by adding many different teams The ‘Sun Belt’ stretched from Florida to California, this is where population grew and untapped media was Stadium Construction In 1958 the New York Giants moved to San Francisco Horace Stoneham moved the Giants because he wanted a new ball park San Francisco’s Candlestick Park had 40 thousand+ seat ballpark and 12 thousand parking Marked the beginning of a new trend in stadium construction, first publically financed stadium Convinces tax payers to construct better stadiums Labor Relations The Reserve Cause was still in effect in the late 20 century A players only option when signed under a team was to accept the team or to reject the contract But rejecting the contract the player could not play for any other team Marvin Miller was a labor lawyer, in 1966 he became the executive director for MLBPA Turned the MLBPA into the strongest labor union by uniting players to force a higher salary Because of Marvin Miller the average MLB salary has risen $44,000 by 1975 Flood v. Kuhn After the 1969 season the reserve cause ended when Curt Flood refused to accept a trade to the Philadelphia Phillies Flood wrote a letter to Bowie Kuhn to give him a free agent, allowing a player to negotiate with all teams and employers Flood compared the reserve cause to slavery, Kuhn denied Floods request and Flood sued the MLB stating that it was a violation of the federal antitrust law In 1972 this case worked its way to the supreme court, several supreme court Justice judges agreed with Flood Thurgood Marshall was an African American supreme court judge who won the Brown v. Board of Education case Although Flood lost his case, his views led to the reserve cause downfall The Era of Free Agency In 197475 the reserve cause finally ended In 1974 Jim “Catfish” Hunter won the Cy young award, after that season Charles O’Finley failed to make a deferred payment to Hunter Because of this Hunger became a free agent In 1975 George Steinbrenner won the bidding war for Hunter Marvin Miller discovered a loophole in the reserve cause contract, if the player refuses they would only have to play for the team for one season with the previous salary It was discovered that the reserve cause covered only one year After this discovery owners tried for the next two decades to get the power back that they lost but failed because of the unified MLB player opposition In 1981 owners tried again but players went on a strike and caused the season to be shorter In 1985 owners stopped making offers to free agent players In 1994 owners established a salary cap leading to another player strike