Image Guide for MIDTERM 2
Image Guide for MIDTERM 2 HI 1073
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This 15 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clara Wimberly on Thursday March 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1073 at Mississippi State University taught by Alison Greene in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 258 views. For similar materials see Modern US History in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 03/31/16
General Motors Installment Plan A cartoon publicizing the current pay system we have for our cars now. The pay system where you pay for your car a little bit at a time in “installments” every month or term This ad came out during a time when people did not want to pay for a car or consider themselves in debt or paying off something. Debt was not only acceptable but was the American way to be. You could be a good American by buying your car in installment plans. The Tennessee Valley Authority is a federally owned corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development to the Tennessee Valley, a region particularly affected by the Great Depression. The enterprise was a result of the efforts of Senator George W. Norris of Nebraska. TVA was envisioned not only as a provider, but also as a regional economic development agency that would use federal experts and electricity to rapidly modernize the region's economy and society. Roosevelt’s idea for social insurance was to create a system for employees to contribute to their future retirement through payroll taxes. Roosevelt’s goal was to provide long term economic security for the elderly. In 1935, Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act, creating a social insurance program to provide income to workers who were 65 and older. The Act also provided unemployment insurance, oldage assistance, and aid to dependent children. The newly formed Social Security Board contracted with the Postal Service to help register workers for Social Security benefits. Between 1936 and 1937, the federal government displayed posters to encourage people to register for Social Security. Background history: Battle of Stalingrad November 1942, the Soviet victory at Stalingrad was the turning point of the war in Europe Russians repel the Nazis at Stalingrad A soviet soldier stopping a German tank. Other than the show of Soviet force and Soviet power in this cartoon, we see Stalingrad depicted as unharmed, still standing city, rather than the rubble that was the reality. This cartoon depicts how the war in Europe was advertised to the American people. Not the gritty day to day battle, but the pretty depiction of war. The poster shows all non American last names but there are American citizens building the tank. In the quote FDR is calling all Americans to not discriminate in a work setting. “A World Divided” Background: after the formation of the United Nations Security Council consisting of the U.S., The Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, and China. This replaced the League of Nations. The American and Soviet flags are on the same world, but there is a huge divide in the world, and the other flag with America’s is Great Britain’s. Britain flag being behind America shows that they were weaker than America. This is a reminder of the Bolshevik Revolution, and the brutality of Joseph Stalin. Joseph McCarthy holding fraudulent evidence during a courtroom hearing. The cartoon title references when McCarthy said he had a list of 205 communists within the state department during a speech at the Republican Women's Club of Wheeling in 1950. The clearly visible "doctored photo" and "faked letter" are designed to depict McCarthy as a liar. This cartoon signifies what caused McCarthy's ultimate downfall. After McCarthy launched an attack on the Army for allegedly harboring communists, during the course of the televised testimonies McCarthy presented evidence that was discovered to be utterly fraudulent. Combined with his behavior in the courtroom, the falsified evidence caused both the American pubic as well as politicians to end their support for McCarthy, therefore attributing to his downfall. The rise and fall of the senator embodies the chaotic situation of the time. The American people were forced to examine the notion that the hunt for communists is in reality a fruitless investigation that results only in the terrorizing of innocent lives. Though the Red fear was not extinguished after McCarthy's downfall, the American people became more critical and suspicious of politicians who advocated similar principles as McCarthy. A nonviolent tactic was sit ins. A group of college students, this one particularly happened at (insert where it happened), was the first? It was a group of colored and white students who sat at a white only counter at a restaurant in a non violent protest against the separation of races in restaurants, They would sit there as restaurant attendees would pour food on them and drag them out of their seats and beat them up. Regardless of how much they were attacked, they never fought back. They didn’t fight back because if they stayed innocent in the matter no one could call blame on them because all they did was sit at the white only counter. The violence tactic against civil rights by Robert F. Williams and Mabel Williams in opposition to Dr. King and friends nonviolent techniques. If any KKK member shot at him, he would shoot back. During the Civil Rights Movement, for the marches, adults would march and get put into jail. Dr. King had the idea to put children in the marches so that when they were arrested, and pictures were taken of them, it would tug at America’s heart strings. This cartoon depicts the fear of the Domino Theory which was the fear that if Vietnam fell to communism, the other weak countries would fall to communism like dominos behind Vietnam.