Human Language ANT 105 - 002
Popular in Introduction to Anthropology
ANT 105 - 002
verified elite notetaker
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ayla Sherrill on Monday November 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 105 - 002 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Carolyn A Robinson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Why didn't I know about this earlier? This notetaker is awesome, notes were really good and really detailed. Next time I really need help, I know where to turn!
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Date Created: 11/23/15
Human Language Languages are not genetically inherited 0 Not determined at birth Are there any genetic components to language 0 Pattern recognition Language acquisitions device 0 Critical Period 1 Descriptive Linguistics a lmplicit quotrulesquot that govern speech i The duality of language ii Analyzing all features of a language iii Requires training in phonetics b Areas of investigation i Phonology 1 The study of language sounds 2 Phonemes the smallest units of sound that in uence the meaning in a language 3 Phones can be dif cult ii Morphology iii Syntax 1 The patterns or rules by which words are arranged into phrases and sentences a ie the arrangement of morphemes 2 production of a syntax a lmplicit rules 3 Grammar the entire formal structure of a language including morphology and syntax 2 Historical Linguistics a How do languages change over time b Study both written and unwritten languages i Comparative approach to living languages c Studies dead and living language d Language family a group of languages that are descended from a single ancestral language e Linguistic divergence the development of different languages from a single ancestral language i Processes of Linguistic divergence 1 Ex baguette a la carte ii Microculturessubcultures in society may create their own vocabulary 1 Street gangs sororities religious groups soldiers etc iii Individuals creating new idioms or pronunciations that catch on 3 Sociolinguistics a The study of the relationship between language and society i How do social categories in uence the use and signi cance of distinctive speech styles 1 Ex age gender ethnicity religion social class occupa on 4 Language and Gender a Gendered speech distinct male and female speech patterns which vary across social and cultural settings i Gender and power N American women use less decisive speech ii Male and female syntax 1 Example of the Lakota quotHow are youquot 5 Social Dialects a Dialects varying forms of a language that re ect particular regions occupations or social classes and that are similar enough to be mutually intelligible b Small changes i Dialects 1 Differences in phonology morphology and syntax 2 Understood by all speakers inoutside of the dialect ii Longer distances and greater timespan 1 New languages 2 Unintelligibility 6 Ethnolinguistics a A branch of linguistics that studies the relationships between language and culture and how they mutually in uence and inform one another