PSYCH 111 Chapter 12 - Social Psychology
PSYCH 111 Chapter 12 - Social Psychology Psych 111
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alisha Ellis on Monday November 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 111 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Brother Marrot in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 11/23/15
PSYCH Notes Bro Marrott Chapter 12 Social Psychology Illusion of Invulnerability texting and driving the thinking that won t happen to me This is an illusion First Impressions Good first impressions is hard Hard to make easy to lose Bad first impressions easy to make hard to lose Stories kitty Genovese Gets off work from bar she gets stabbed Screams for help but no one comes to help her They assumed someone else would help her Other people probably heard her This is the Bystander EffectIntervention of people around increases the less people likely to help REAR Obedience conformity People of authority we listen to them WWII Authority dehumanization labeling Stanford Prison study Labeling theory humans can easily take on those labels Scientific discovery accidental encounters Social psychology discovery Accidents catastrophes wars etc Questions and predictions made about human behavior Terry Anderson Robert King john McCain Isolation is how to torture social creations Survive food water shelter Secure resources you hurt each other or you help each other Hurting each other Aggression behavior that is intended to hurt someone Frustration aggression hypothesis this behavior is the result of frustrated desires Desire frustrated frustrated aggression Wrong with theory very narrow Not always a furcated desire Aggression best questions to ask about someone male or female Males murders 90 and crimes 80 Testosterone cause aggression more in young than older men Power and more prestigious Sensitive to provocation Are women Violent Premeditated Social harms gossip destroy reputation Motive is to protect or maintain a resource Not so much physical harm Are some cultures more aggressive than other Steven Pinker s The better angels of our nature Has violence has increased or decreased over time become less violent Tribal warfare homicide cruel punishments child abuse etc Southern states more aggressive than northern states Man in south defend status Don t defend as friendlier Help Cooperation behavior between two or more people that lends to mutual benefit What is better achieve less or achieve more Is it better to gamble to odds We need to work together In relationship we need Trustworthiness Am I trustworthy If people are unfair to us a lot of research has shown that we will go to great lengths to get payback Hugh Nibley Approaching Zion Brain craves for information as the body craves for food Knowledge provides temporal salvation You need knowledge You need to read all stuff As you read it all the time it will become your foundation Keep fresh in your mind Security in groups Groups collection of people who have something in common that distinguishes them from others We will be in many groups Nice to people in your group Prejudice a positive or negative evaluation towards someone Attitude Feelings Discrimination positive or negative behavior towards others of other groups Political assignment Ideas change Groups believe that some thing Common knowledge effect focus on information all members of the group share Limit learning a using thought Biology and religion department Group polarization groups make the decisions that are more extreme than any other member would make alone Discourse on what it is Group think tendency for groups to reach consensus in order to facilitate interpersonal harmony Don t want to argue create con ict or disrupt Deindividuation being in a group causes people to become less concerned with their personal values Don t steal by self but could better in groups Diffusion of responsibility in the presence of a group No responsibility Social Loafing tendency for some not to pull their weight Bystander effectIntervention people less likely to help in an emergency situation when more people are around Altruism do out of self interest Don t benefit form it Some philosophers believe altruism doesn t exist Ayn Rand on altruism Benefiting others without benefiting the self Ken Selection if I protect relatives I protect genes Reciprocal Altruism you scratch my back I will scratch yours You benefit others with the expectation that they will return the benefits The Quest for reproduction survival of the fittest The one that can reproduce You need to be social to find someone Selectivity you ve got to be sure to choose the right kind of mate Women are more selective than men Women carry a baby for 9 months as men are only needed for 10 mins Women like providers protectors emotional availability Attraction situational factors are a huge determinant here Proximity people you are physically close to you will like them For a developing relationship long distance is the ultimate killer Mere exposure effect the more you are exposed to someone the more you like them Prevailing social norms can help do some of the best things and do some of the worst things Normal does not always mean moral Persuasion a person s attitudes or beliefs are changed by a communication from another person Systematic persuasion is the process which attitudes and beliefs change to appeals to reason Heuristic persuasion use celebrities to get people to listen Foot in the door starting small to big buying a car Door in the face start big go smaller lowering of price to get you to buy something Cognitive dissonance a clash between behavior and belief It is easier to change belief then behavior Actor observer effect when we were the Actor we have reasons of doing it but when observer we internally judge Stereotype threat scared to act on the stereotype they are apart on Fundamental attribution error Underestimate situational overcoming Overestimate dispositional