PSYCH1010: Freud's Theory of the Mind, Humanistic Psychology, and Psychological Disorders
PSYCH1010: Freud's Theory of the Mind, Humanistic Psychology, and Psychological Disorders PSY 1010
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelly Parsley on Monday November 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Paul J Watson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 11/23/15
PSYCH 1 010 Introduction to Psychology Watson Monday 111615 FREUD39S THEORY OF THE MIND 1 What was Freud s first theory of the mind called Psychoanalysis analysis of the mind to develop an adequate theory of the mind 1 What three components of the mind were included in this initial model Conscious preconscious and unconscious mind 2 In what ways might this model be appropriately described using the metaphor of an iceberg Topographical Model studying the layout of the mind there are high levels and low levels of awareness that show we are not fully aware of ourselves The mind is like an iceberg 90 is underwater unconscious mind and 10 is above the water conscious mind the area that is barely scraping the surface is called the preconscious mind 0 We are mostly unconscious about ourselves the physics of the mind imply that 90 of your mind is hidden from your view 0 The direction of an iceberg is decided by ocean currents pushing against the underwater portions the direction of your mind is decided by the unconscious portions This metaphor implies danger icebergs are dangerous and can sink your boat when the hidden portions are ignored there are disturbing truths in our unconscious that should not be ignored 3 In what way would this metaphor be inappropriate 0 Persons are selfignorant Dreams explain and explore the unconscious desires of the mind 10 ll 12 13 What was the name of Freud s second model of the mind Did it replace or supplement the first model 0 Structural Model this supplements the topographical model What three components defined the mind in his second model Id quotitquot Ego quotIquot Superego quotover Iquot What is the id and how is it related to the basic instincts Id quotitquot represents basic biological drives What are Bros and Thanatos Eros love instinct ability to love and unite with other people Thanatos death instinct ability to destroy and kill WWI brought this idea about What is the pleasure principle Pleasure Principle I want What I want and I want it now What is the primary process Primary Process use of Wishfulfilling fantasy to obtain pleasure What are the implications of the id in terms of conventional morality It is immoral heathen and selfish What is the ego and What leads to its development Ego quotIquot represents buffer that controls the id What is the reality principle Reality Principle demand to see things as they actually are What is the secondary process 0 Secondary Process involves the use of reason to obtain pleasure delayed satisfaction 14 15 16 17 18 19 What are the implications of the ego in terms of conventional morality Amoral neither moral nor immoral a good ego is a good businessman and makes the best deals with life What is the superego Superego quotover Iquot conscience How does it develop 0 Sense of right and wrong What are the implications of the superego in terms of conventional morality It is very moral it is the de nition of conventional morality What statement expresses Freudian morality Freudian morality is not conventional morality where id is ego should also be What did Freud mean by this statement 0 A healthy person is a person with a big ego as reasonable and rational as possible Persons are selfish irrational and truly destructive by nature 0 Why are we sitting in this class Because we dwell in the house of daydreams and demand pleasurewe have to leave the house of daydreams to build discipline work to pursue the long road to instinctual satisfaction Wednesday 111815 REVIEW Eliminative Reductionism inside the body R gt I gt E Radical Behaviorism outside the body S gt R Cognitivism mental operations S gt mind gt R Psychoanalysis con icts between instincts morality and reality HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY 20 21 22 23 24 25 What positions alone and in combination explain about 90 of contemporary psychology Psychoanalysis a person is the product of con icts between instincts morality and reality 0 Cognitive behavioral therapy using conditioning of behavior to solve problems arising from the con ict in the mind What position developed initially in the 1950 s stands at the origins of much of the remaining 10 Humanistic Psychology also called Third Force Psychology Where does the term Third Force Psychology come from 0 It was the third model developed after behaviorism and psychoanalysis According to advocates of Third Force Psychology what were the first two forces in psychology and why should they be rejected Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism They were too deterministic no source of independence within a person and too pessimistic How might the work of Freud be related to the complaints of the Third Force or Humanistic psychologists It was too broad deterministic and pessimistic Persons are selfignorant babies innately selfish and irrational guided by the pleasure principle etc How might Skinner s book Beyond Freedom and Dignity be related to those complaints 0 It stated that humans are just a collection of behaviors in reaction to the stimulus environment 0 Nothing is independent within a person everything is reduced to determinism What essentially is Skinner s theory of personality 26 27 28 29 30 31 There is no such thing as a personality 0 Personality is an effect only and assumes no causal significance we are quotbeyond freedomquot Environments needed to be constructed to condition human behavior to be what we want it to be this is the only way to control behavior According to the Third Force Psychologists what positions should be emphasized in psychology Emphasizes human strengths and unique characteristics of the person Assumes free will and optimism What kind of psychologist was Carl Rogers Humanistic Psychologist in America What is the basic nature of persons according to Rogers 0 All persons have within themselves a good and true self this will guide people to the kind of life they wish to have What causes persons to have problems Giving in to the false self and trying to be who others say you should be How might the following Rogerian concepts be defined true self conditional positive regard conditions of worth and false self True self good and true force within a person that leads one to pleasure in life Conditional positive regard represents contracts for love quot1 W111 1ove you IF you do somethingquot Conditions of worth internal standards of worth quotI am worthy only IF I meet certain demandsquot False self the self that others want you to display and leads you astray What kind of therapy did Rogers devise PersonCentered Therapy ClientCentered Therapy 32 What were the key features of his therapy The expert in therapy is not the therapist but rather the client 0 The only person who has access to the internal information necessary is the client This is nondirective Encourage client to ask self questions that return himself to the true self Therapist does not give advice but rather gives questions for client to ask himself Therapist practices unconditional positive regard 33 How would the following Rogerian therapeutic concepts be described personcentered therapy empathy nondirective therapy unconditional positive regard selfactualization Personcentered therapy therapy that makes the client the expert Empathy feeling emotions deeply with another person Nondirective therapy therapist encourages client to ask questions of himself Unconditional positive regard acceptance of someone as his true person Selfactualization free will resides within the self and finds reasons to be optimistic 34 How might the positions of Rogers and Freud be related to the operation of values People39s values re ect life values construct our understanding of life Grade you must make on next exam points needed for an A total points earned lowest exam Friday 1 120 15 REVIEW There are two types of science basic and applied The following lecture is about psychology as an applied science PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS l 35 36 37 38 What three issues must be addressed by psychologists and other mental health professionals who work with psychological disorders Identify psychological disorders diagnosis Explain psych disorders etiology study of causes 0 Help people who have psych disorders therapy How are these three issues related More specifically what is the relationship between attempts to explain and attempts to treat psychological disorders 0 If a disorder can be explained scientists have a stepping ladder to figuring out therapeutic exercises to treat it What publication is used to diagnose psychological disorders 0 Diagnostic Statistical Manual DSM What is the basic assumption of attempts to explain psychological disorders in terms of physiopersonal variables How one explains a disorder affects how it is treated What model defends this approach Biological Organic Model Medical Model An abnormal person is caused by an abnormal body Most powerful and in uential model within mental health profession because it is easy to prescribe medications and treats a wide range of people 39 Which profession is most centrally involved in using this model Psychiatry 40 What is General Paresis and how did research into General Paresis affect this model 0 General Paresis disorder that caused paralysis and eventually death Displayed symptoms like schizophrenia German for quotsplit mindquot disturbed and irrational delusions hallucinations disorganized thought processes etc Believed to be caused by a germ named spirochete associated with syphilis 41 What assumptions do advocates of the model make about the role of bacteria viruses and genetics as causes of psychological disorders Psychological disorders have a genetic predisposition and are not caused by viruses or germs 42 What biological dysfunctions are implicated as causes of schizophrenia Schizophrenia is produced by an inherited nervous system that cannot function properly due to overactive dopamine deposits in the brain 43 What treatments are based on the assumption that physiopersonal variables cause psychological disorders 0 Medication Minor tranquilizers treat anxiety Maj or tranquilizers attempt to control schizophrenia and other severe psychological disorders these do not cure the disorders but rather simply control and halt symptoms this medication must be maintained to live a normal life Antidepressants treat depression Lithium treats bipolar disorder Electroconvulsive Therapy ECT treats depression in those who don39t react to medication 0 Brain Surgery destruction of tissue causing psychological disorders a lobotomy is one example 44 What is the assumption of attempts to explain psychological disorders in terms of intrapersonal variables 0 An abnormal person is caused by an abnormal mind RationalEmotive Therapy Albert Ellis 45 How does RationalEmotive Therapy RET illustrate this approach 0 To treat an abnormal person one must understand the abnormalities in the individual39s mind 46 What does the ABCD model of RET say about the causes and treatment of psychological disorders Activating event gt Belief irrational gt Consequence gt Dispute irrationalities Activating event Sheila dumps you gt Belief Sheila must think I39m stupid and ugly gt Consequence depression gt Dispute everyone goes through this 47 What is the assumption of attempts to explain psychological disorders in terms of interpersonal variables Behavioral Therapy an abnormal person is caused by abnormal interpersonal conditioning experiences 48 How do behavioral therapies illustrate this approach An individual fails to learn appropriate responses to relational situations OR is conditioned to interact inappropriately with relational situations Example dating anxiety if someone does not understand how to interact with the opposite gender he or she is failing to learn the appropriate responses to interact with said people 49 What are the two basic causes of psychological disorders according to advocates of behavioral therapy Failure to learn appropriate responses to relational situations Conditioned inappropriate relational interactions 50 What forms of treatment are associated with behavioral therapies Conditioning