week 8 notes
Popular in History of Design >1
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Art History
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacquelyn Stinson on Tuesday November 24, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 358 at University of Oregon taught by Lord C in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see History of Design >1 in Art History at University of Oregon.
Reviews for week 8 notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 11/24/15
Week 8 Monday November 16 2015 Art Nouveau Movement It builds on the arts and craft movement having to do with naturalism and lyrical lines but it is much more stylized It has an important relationship to the symbolist movement of writing and fine art References symbolism through the forms that are selected Louis Comfort Tiffany Studio in NYC 1885 0 Samuel Bing pushes his opportunities 0 Interested in other design traditions especially the Japanese 0 He travels to Japan and then to NYC where he creates Tiffany s Louis Comfort Tiffany s Veterans Room 7th Regiment Armory NYC 187981 0 Bing is influential in directing government resources at a conference in 1894 aesthetic direction that is later known as the Art Nouveau o This elevated the arts to a new hierarchy in France 0 Tiffany s work and what Japan is doing is a dynamic design 0 French government sees this as a solution to the economic situation Cover of Revue de arts decoratifs 1884 0 Interestingly falls back on Rococo design curvilinear forms 0 Government looks back to the decorative art peak of France under Louis XV and XVI 0 Used as a signalcall to the revival of the decorative arts L Art Nouveau Bing s Store in Paris 1895 0 New gallery opened by Bing o Stylized architecture 0 Inside he shows Japanese art in combination with new decorative arts that were produced in the west such as Tiffany s 0 Louis Comfort Tiffany Table Lamp and Tulip Glass 1895 0 Louis Comfort Tiffany Stained Glass Screen 1900 0 He also shows rooms that had be designed as a whole entire environment including Henry van de Velde Dining room in L Art Nouveau 1895 I Everything in the room is designed by Henry van de Velde I Also involved in graphic design for the gallery I van de Velde Ad for L Art Nouveau Bing 1895 o curvilinear lines of the Art Nouveau 0 Similar to Dresser s work aesthetic movement and Morris Work Arts and Craft Movement but not it is more stylized and less botanical Less of a scientific exactitude like Dresser And Less simplicity of the Arts and Craft movement 0 Natural forms used in a lyrical way 0 Henry van de Velde also had a career as a painter O 0 Henry van de Velde Haymaking 1892 0 Similar to work by Gauguin and Van Gough o Symbolic content and use of color 0 Line is very important lyrical lines describe the forms and fill the forms Bing was someone who represented van de Velde s work in his gallery Brussels Belgium Art Nouveau is first used to describe social freedom Victor Horta house of the People exterior and auditorium Brussels 189699 0 O O O 0 Victor Horta art nouveau architect Early building relies on iron work glass modern materials that drift away from heavy materials Light filled naturalistic and permeable approach Let in natural light Stylistic language that connects to contemporary science Victory Horta Tassel House Brussels 189293 0 O 0 Narrow facade typical to row house in Brussels All of the architectural elements interior and exterior are very unified and flow one into the other They have new interesting approaches Use of the column on the facade that sit in the facade and flow into the forms above and below it Bay window flows in an organic way to the supporting walls Column s capital and base have an organic connection to supporting the walls Horta Tassel House Stairhall I Every surface is used as an opportunity to enhance the design I Multimedia approach I High standard to the final product high quality principle by Morris to enhance the daily life of individuals I Interiors like this that are beautiful in a way like walking through a sculpture I Design like this is very expensive so clients are normally wealthy 0 Relation to the Bauhaus although Bauhaus has a different means of production they share the idea of designing environments for society 0 Both have a social purpose 0 Reliance on Morris thinking is clear Critique of fine and applied arts real art must be made by the people and for the people total design as a social and integrated to the pubic George Lemmen Cover for the catalogue of Les XX 1891 O 0 Just like Morris that is an expression and character of the line and the text Bold design Henry van de Velde House in Uccle 1894 O 0 Reference of Morris arts and craft style Cottage and medieval style but also forward looking to the expanses of undecorated walls Applied wood under the roof is decorative o Appreciate the harmony of the wall paper and furniture 0 Interior details van de Velde chair 0 Dining room in L Art Nouveau 1895 At this point Bing no longer looks to Asian arts but looks to Brussels expression to branch out in a new direction Wednesday November 18 2015 French Nation realizes how important reform is for the economy design and public persona Objects architecture posters etc are a representation of diplomatic art for the nation Bing Key German man who moves to France He makes a rich point of reference as inspiration He commissions this new room Dining room in L Art Nouveau Henry Van de Velde 1895 Complete design like you are walking through a sculpture Work of Art Nouveau in Belgium in the work of van de Velde has rational point of view Price point manufacture and marketing Design for the middle class Designers are thinking in a multidimensional way scientific musical psychological theory and fine arts all part of design Victor Horta major part of this establishment recognized in the 1900s Horta House of the People exterior and auditorium Brussels 189699 0 Model for total design 0 Connect exterior to interior Exhibit where Picasso attended freedom on the arts in France 0 Picasso then stays in Paris Tassel House exterior Horta 189293 0 The dynamism of using the materials 0 Creating a wavelike shape that extends from the facade Stairhall of Tassel House Horta o Fluidity of decorative design 0 Dynamism of column that springs into shape 0 Interesting play to relate to classical columns but transformed into a living springing form 0 Animated 0 Rod iron balcony also has delicate design and emanated throughout the interior Van de Velde Armchair in sittingdining room Uccle 1894 0 Different approach Detail oriented Bing visited this place and was impressed by the design This interior is more affordable moderate and less decorative but still well designed Go back to work of William Morris recall interior of the working class home has very functional furniture Everything has a purpose and is well designed and pleasing to use Van de Velde falls between Morris design of economically affordable to middle class but also designed elegantly like the highend O 0 looks forward to the Bauhaus awareness of how important designing for the housing crisis is not yet at WWI at this point and after this the housing problem explodes many people are moving to Paris and London they need to be accommodated this results to the urban slums which produces health problems 0 O in a lot of these slums bathrooms are near kitchens and they are overcrowded van de Velde is reasonable and rational premise and affordable Baron Haussmann plan for Paris and new boulevard 1860s 0000 Fine artists and superb graphic designers get involved Haussmann reconfigured some of the main roads in Paris Routes come from Haussmann s rethinking Up until this time the inner part of Paris was still medieval with twistingturning streets this created character but also resulted in the overcrowding and disease because it was not designed for the large population Haussmann cut away the medieval neighborhood and opened them up to broad avenues One of the main logics for this plan was in order to limit and inhibit revolutions French Revolution was about 70 years earlier These routes allowed for the National Guard to be sent out easily Big avenue prevents barricades from being built like in previous revolutions Avenues were a modern space were people can promenade it becomes sort of the new living room Gustave Caillebotte career navel engineer who was passionate about art 0 Generous supporter of impressionists who were not as well off as him 0 How work shows how Haussmann influenced Paris 0 Le Ponte de Europe 1876 I State of the art brand new bridge I Brings love of engineering to his painting I It is very exact and loving in every detail I Armature of the bridge with swooping and angled view I Can see a glass roof in the background that was new 0 Paris Street Rainy Day 1877 I Intersection with many streets intersecting I Section of the old city that was demolished and now has clean streets I Modern people promenade down the road I New shops and cafes and entertainment places 0 New spaces portrayed in a way that is very modern 0 Swooping quality in the composition like Toulouse Latrec 0 His work brings together architecture art and new social trends Emile Galle 0 French art nouveau designer 0 Middle of the road art nouveau designer o Emile Gal 1894 portrait I He was born in Nancy I His dad manufactured luxury glass and porcelain I His starting point in design comes in his family but his family designs are more conven onal I He learns from his family and takes it further I Like Dresser he has deep study in Botany I After 1871 War the area of Nany was annexed by Germany which resulted in an intense feeling of French Nationalism I Galle runs the factory from his father I Focus on botanical local motifs Glass Factory in Nancy Marquetry panel 1900 I Panel with thick slices of veneer I Illusionistic view of the factory I Decorative insert in a modern article of furniture Emile Gal 1875 ceramic design I Still dependent on rococo style NeoRococo Container Faience 1870s I Ceramic that looks like furniture Emile Galle Glass Vase 1878 and Faience pitch 1884 I These are inspired by the Japanese I Bring in natural forms in a bolt inventive way I Still within art nouveau taste Emile Galle Orchids and Insects Commode 188889 compared to Charles Cressent Commode 1745 I Inspired by Rococo I Inventive and cocky with representation of botany I Profound understanding of structure of plants I Curvilinear legs rococo Charles Cressent Commode 1745 Emile Galle Firescreen 1900 compared to Jacques Dubois Lady s Desk 1760 I Stylized and connecting to nature I Naturalistic Jacques Dubois Lady s Desk 1760 I Less naturalistic Emile Gal Dawn and Twilight Bed 1904 I Dream world and intuition I Modern recognition of the human but just physiological but the mind I Recognition of the inner life of the human being I Fascinating of how the human brain works I This bed is like a magical carpet I Giant moth is depicted at the edge of the bed I Incredible carving I High detail I Pictorial marquetry portray an image of something recognizable o Impacted by symbolist artists Friday November 20 2015 Art Nouveau transition into the 20th century Beginning of the 20th century there is a shift in mood Fascinating movement because it speaks to 21St century design concerns and is a precedent to the 21St century Caricature with satire on the art nouveau style 1900 O O O 0 Champagne glass with a long stem impractical Suggests how absurd art nouveau was The rest of the room is stylish with lyrical lines Satire and ridiculed 1851 Exhibition 0 0 Public claim of the movement Criticism of the successes Last positivism and optimism before WWI shift in modern western culture 0 00000 O Trenchware and first mechanized war Important turning point to trace the beginning of the loss of faith in authority New social and political views Incredible material decimation from the bombing and migrant problems Urgent housing problems arise Artist contribute to the war effort create prosthetics for people who lost limbs and have terrible facial damage War time graphic art and propaganda arise Machine Furniture 0 Richard Riemerschmid Machine Furniture Third German applied art exhibition in Dresden 1906 I Important platform for the internal process in Germany I Important period of design I Furious pace of thought that is trying to address social and design problems I Dynamic period in Germany I Buildup of international tension I Out of this spirit the Bauhaus is born Machine furniture has very simple forms that can be created with assistance from machines The assembly was maybe not from machine Line of furniture that could be produced in different kinds of wood fine oak walnut I Walnut more expensive I Pine less expensive and could be painted Had different metal fittings Tends to a variety of economic levels Follow suggestion of other trends that intimate some earlier designs function of standardization utilitarian but still well designed and functional I Way the designer interfaces with the reality of mass production I Comfortable environment but keeps with reality of social and economic situation German Werkbund O O O O Designers and industrialists come together after the Dresden exhibition First decade of the 20th century Signal architects such as Herman Muthesius I German architecture and studied applied art I Strong proponent of rational design I Idea behind Werkbund is that if Germany can develop a unified aesthetic practical it would have a rapid expansion in the national economy Face huge social and economic problems Growing sense of urgency Peter Behrens Kiss color woodcut 1899 I Decadent of the female figure I Ropes of hair suggest a looping and selfabsorption I Sometimes see reference to entwining I Revival of interest in the old testament story of Salome good way to understand this imagery I Behrens is the designer that is most strongly associated with the Werkbund I He started out as an art nouveau artist this is really an art nouveau pieces with the line form I He is invited to participate in an artist colony in Darmstadt I He designed and build his own house I Behrens House Darmstadt 190002 0 Reflects art Nouveau design and symbolist painting I The Dream Behrens Painting for music room of his house and view of his studio I Participated in art festivals I Peter Behrens Design for the program of a Festival of Life and Art 0 He worked in many different mediums graphic art painting etc 0 Cover of this program uses the crystal as a symbol for concentration for spiritual creativity 0 Artists felt this creativity was present at Darmstadt 0 Further activities and performances happened here I Appoint head of the art school I Behrens Poster and exhibition pavilion for Anchor Linoleum exhibition Third Germ Applied Art Exhibition 0 Starts to have a most classical approach to his architecture Behrens design for new Trademark for E UG Major electrical products manufacturer led by Walter Rathenau I References the crystal or a honeycomb I Modern design I Geometric form I Industrial trademarkbranding Cover of guidebook to AEG pavilion at the German Shipbuilding Exhibition 1908 I Simplified classicism and reference the building I German tradition architecture is referenced but now modernized I Done through graphic design I 1950 was the high point of art nouveau and after this there were forces that drift this style to a modern industrial aesthetic I He is appointed director of AEG Reconstruction drawing of Coronation Chapel erected by Charlemagne in Aachen Early 19th century AD I The cover of AEG is clearly referencing this chapel ancient Roman precedent I You can see the roof form I Look in back in order to move forward Peter Behrens Turbine Hall AEG complex building in Berlin I Incredible significance and power of the company I Behrens is involved in the artistic director of their design I Reference classical and ancient models 0 Columns temple like I Entire interior is illuminated by natural light 0 Different than roman and late antique 0 Roman was heavy load bearing walls I Open up the skin of the building I Occurs with new engineering I Reinforced with iron Slender supporting elements I Reduction of load bearing I This is a key step into new architecture technology I Temple of Hera Paestum 470 BC this building looks back to the past Interior of Turbine Factory AEG 1909 Behrens I Natural light I Efficiency I Better working conditions with natural light I Establishes AEG with modernization and cutting edge technology I It is not just what they do but how they do it Peter Behrens high Voltage Factory 190910 I Important step to architecture I Higher elevation I Experimentation with different applications of principals I More open to natural light I Using present day materials cheap and durable brick Behrens Roof garden of Administration Building AEG complex Berlin Posters for AEG 18905 Otto Echmanmn 1900 vs Behrens 190920 I You can see the transition between the two Behrens AEG Retail Store Berlin 190810 I Bridging to the consumer I Accessible and appealing I Commission and request different models of lightslamps and other products I Similar to Wedgewood s shop on St James Street I See different models and consumer feels they have a say I Unlike Wedgewood now there is a strong political and economic statement I Modern approachable powerhouse Behrens Behrens AE G electric fans and teapots 190809 I Now classical objects I They get fancier over time I Presented in catalogues overseen by Behrens AEG streetamp catalogue 1907 I Similar to Avant guard sculpture I Constructivism and other cutting edge objects Lucian Bernhard Poster for Stiller Shoes 19008 I Impact of general trends Joseph Witzel Poster for Jugend 1896 compared to Wilhelm Schulz Poster for Winter s German Gas Burner 1903 I Much cleared text in the winter one Strength of Behrens design is that he thinks of smaller elements and how they fit into the whole Transition to modern design constructive to social problems Gropius Adolf Meyer Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier center four at Peter Behrens studio in Postdam 1910 I Studio that he ran in Berlin becomes a very importance center for early 20th century design I These men are crucial to this time I Apprentices to Behrens Gropius Design for Fagus Factory Alfeld an de Leine 1911 I Influence by American design I Shoelace factory