Week 13- The War in 1918
Week 13- The War in 1918 HIST 388
Popular in World War I
verified elite notetaker
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin McManus on Saturday November 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 388 at George Mason University taught by Harry Butowsky in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see World War I in History at George Mason University.
Reviews for Week 13- The War in 1918
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 11/28/15
HIST 388 Notes Week 13 War in 1918 A State of the War in 1918 By the end of 1917 with Russia effectively out of the war the British and French became very anxious when Germany shifted the majority of its forces to the Western Front However they did have one advantage coming from across the Atlantic the entrance of the United States At first Germany despite having failed to keep the United States out of war with their submarine campaign were not very anxious about Americans coming to France s and Britain s aid they were motivated to swiftly knock out Britain hard in the spring of 1918 prior to any significant number of American troops arriving in mainland Europe to help out their new allies The inevitability of an Allied victory although no one could predict when exactly victory would arrive for some time not inevitable until the effective withdrawal of Bulgaria AustriaHungary and the Ottoman Empire from the war leaving Germany the sole nation fighting the Allies in the West and allowing Britain to divert any military strength previously committed to the Mediterranean and Eastern Fronts to hold off Germany until the Americans arrival B United States Entering the War Germany s sinking of the Lusitania though a signi cant event leading up to America s entrance into the war in Europe did not push the United States over the edge a combination of the discovery of the Zimmerman Telegram an attempt by Germany to convince Mexico to wage war with the United States to prevent them from fighting Germany in Europe and the sinking of four American vessels in the Mediterranean by German submarines convinces President Woodrow Wilson that he has no choice but to ask the Congress or a declaration which was done on April 6th 1917 In order to achieve the highest level of efficiency in the war effort Wilson effectively nationalizes the American economy including agriculture and industry so everything needed for the war effort would be produced in a timely fashion C Spring Offensives 1918 In an effort to knock out the British and cripple the French in the West Generals Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff plan a major series of offensives in France resulting in a number of engagements ie Second Battle of the Somme Battle of St Quentin Battle of the Aisne Battle of Belleau Wood that brought about the most significant shift in military positions since 1914 Despite giving Germany a shortterm advantage during the Offensive s rst few months the full entrance of Americans into the front lines as well as the invigorated retaliation of the British and French by the end of April 1918 made a German defeat inevitable D The Disillusionment of War in 1918 The deteriorating morale of European soldiers in the trenches in 1918 is captured eloquently in Erich Maria Remarque s All Quiet on the Western Front The protagonist Paul Baumer is a young student who becomes enamored with German nationalism and enlists along with his entire class By 1918 however he has become utterly disillusioned from witnessing the deaths of his friends and his superior s lack of regard for the men ghting for Germany The chapter in which Paul returns home on a short leave period illustrates the culmination of this as he openly expresses his intense distrust of both the German government and military as well as the war itself By 1918 the men fighting in the trenches have lost any hope in the cause of the war and are simply trying to survive E Hundred Days Offensive 1918 With the reinforcement of the Americans the Allies are able to build up enough political social and military momentum to launch an allout offensive on the Germans front line the Hindenburg Line in an attempt to claim victory before the end of the year The most famous of actions in the Allied Offensive of the fall of 1918 was the MeuseArgonne Offensive made up mostly of American troops and led by American officers who managed to break through the German line and hold until reinforcements could solidify the position for an Allied victory
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'