Popular in American History since 1865
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindley on Saturday November 28, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1020 at Clemson University taught by Rod Andrew in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see American History since 1865 in History at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 11/28/15
827 Cotton prices fell for many years after Civil War Destruction of soil loss of Confederate money etc Labor contracts were negotiated to help settle blacks down to work for a white land owner These contracts had them living close together in old slave headquarters while working in gangs under an overseer In return the landowners would give them food shelter etc Why not pay them in cash Bc landowners don t have cash compromise system sharecropping Labor is paid w a share of the crop once it came in spread apart more control over own labor But they still needed seeds foodclothes for your family until it came in plow etc Sharecroppers needed loans from merchants or landowners crop lien laws were created to protect merchants made sure that the loans were paid back and got their share of the crop Sharecroppers often didn t have enough to pay off loan cycle of debt began to grow and sharecroppers were unable to escape and acquire their own land Many landowners even lost land to debt and became tents sharecroppers or other professions Tenants paid rent to landlord upfront and grew crops as he saw fit could still fall into debt and be forced into sharecropping South still remained tied to cotton while the North began industrializing big businesses was growing great economic growth After 1877 what was southern life like Continued poverty and overreliance on cotton Prominence of the Lost Cause Referred to as a legend or a myth story w a social purpose it was the way southemers perceived their past Set of ideas that glorified the Confederacy and the South s Confederate past Presented that Confederacy was founded on the Constitution states rights southern soldiers hadn t been defeated only exhausted by resources south was a superior society more Christian concerned w honor and morality rather than money slavery was meant to civilize and Christianize blacks and the Confederate solider was glorif1ed and seen as the most honorable citizen One party south Democrats are fully in control Black southemers had less than full citizenship even lost what rights they d gained during Reconstruction Rise of Redeemers southern Democrats who came into power at the end of Reconstruction Associated with old South elite most were Confederate veterans Wanted reconciliation w north didn t want to keep bitterness going Generally believed in white supremacy and paternalism white leaders should remain in control but blacks should be rewarded some rights saw it as their duty to protect them didn t see a need for segregation Overthrown by more racist whites Racial Radicals Golden Age of Racism 18901920 3 ways showing things got worse for blacks after 1890 Radicals wished for the disenfranchisement of blacks Worked hard to prevent blacks from voting literacy tests property requirements poll taX Grandfather clause could still vote if your father or grandfather could before Reconstruction helped poor whites Increase in racial violence lynching skyrocketed Plessy v Ferguson 1896 made segregation legal