Week 9 TPHIL 250
University of Washington Tacoma
Popular in PRACTICAL REASONING (I&S,QSR)
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Qihua Wu on Sunday November 29, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to TPHIL 250 at University of Washington Tacoma taught by GEE,JERAMY S. in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see PRACTICAL REASONING (I&S,QSR) in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Washington Tacoma.
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Date Created: 11/29/15
Appeal to pity using pity as a reason for special treatment Af rming the consequent a deductive mistake by overlooks alternativesquot if p then q q therefore pquot is not valid Begging the question using conclusion as the premise it is often seen in the form where your premise is based on the assumption that conclusion is true Complex question posing a question in a way that people have to follow the claim you promote Denying the antecedent also a deductive mistake by overlooking the alternatives quotif p then q not p therefore not qquot is invalid Equivocation using different meaning for a same term in the middle of an argument To identify this kind of fallacy try to replace the words and see if the premises are still relevant to the conclusion False cause questionable conclusion about cause and effect just because one thing happens to associate with the other does not necessarily means it is the cause of the other To avoid using this kind of fallacy try to add more premises to make it clearer to see one thing is the cause of the other False dilemma overlooks alternatives by reducing the options Loaded language language that does not provide any argument mainly focuses on the emotion Non sequitur drawing a conclusion that does not follow the premises Overgeneralizing generalizing from too few examples Overlooking alternatives forgetting that things may happen for a variety of reasons not just one there could be a correlation between two things other than cause relationship False dilemma is a form of this when asked to identify the fallacy form it is better to be speci c so if it is false dilemma say false dilemma instead of overlooking alternatives Persuasive de nition de ning a term in a loaded way Post hoc ergo propter hoc assuming causation too readily on the basis of mere succession in time
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