Week 3 Anthropology 1010
Popular in Intro to Cultural Anthropology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison Freeman on Monday November 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 1010 at Clemson University taught by John Coggeshall in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Clemson University.
Reviews for Week 3
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 11/30/15
Anthropology 210 82815 Social Darwinism a misapplication of Darwin s ideas to the societal world 1 This is a very exploitative idea justi es the exploitation of smaller scale societies 2 Assumes just because societies are larger and more complex they are better than smaller scale societies 3 Longterm social evolution might actually favor smaller scale societies quotThe meek shall inherit the earthquot Modern synthesis represents the combination of new ideas and the elimination of old fashioned ideas improving Darwin s ideas The ideas we use today to understand the earth s diversity 1 Genetics can now explain why we have variation within a generation Mendel gured out the mechanism by which this occurred We can now use genetics to prove our ideas Genetics has revolutionized Darwin s ideas Paleontology studies ancient life through fossils Physics helped us discover how old the earth was We use the decay of subatomic particles to date fossils and all kinds of things 4 The modern synthesis stripped away oldfashioned ideas making the theory proposed by Darwin even better a Increasing complexity the history of life shows that the complexity of life goes from simple to complex The history of life on earth actually shows that most life starts simple and stays simple quotA bush of radiating diversityquot Life gets more diverse through time but not necessarily more complex b The idea of gradual change through time sometimes it is true that species change gradually through time Punctuated equilibrium argues that life goes through slow changes and then changes rapidly c Determinism the idea that ewe feel all evolution has led up to the existence of human beings The history of life on earth has no pattern whatsoever Randomness is a key element in the history of earth d Perfectionism what you see when you look at the species of earth today that the species are perfectly designed for the environments Life forms are constantly playing catch up to the physical environments In many life forms today are hints of earlier forms of life that are not aws but leftovers These aws are not evidence of a poor designer they are evidence that life has changed through time Sometimes variations species have help them adapt to UN their environment and the aws we see aren t necessarily for adaption purposes 5 Evidence for modern synthesis a Fossil record an abundant fossil record that demonstrates how life has changed in the past b DNA using DNA comparisons to test the fossil record that life changes through time c Imperfections designed aws leftovers why are they there They are evidence of earlier forms of life from earlier times Whale hip bumps d Genetic manipulation we test the hypothesis that organisms with favorable traits tend to survive Creationism and Intelligent Design 1 Sets up a false dichotomy the only options are morality and immortality When actually it s not god versus no god it s one religious idea versus another idea a Literalists vs Young Earth Creationists vs Old Earth Creationists vs Theistic Evolutionists vs Nontheistic Evolutionists 2 It s a religious argument its religion vs religion not religion vs science 3 Creationists and Intelligent Designers claim to have advanced degrees but they are not in areas of science that they are talking about