ARH 204 The Romans: Art and the Empire
ARH 204 The Romans: Art and the Empire ARH 204
Popular in Hist Western Art I >1
Popular in Art History
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeleine Kern on Monday November 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 204 at University of Oregon taught by Hurwit J in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Hist Western Art I >1 in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 11/30/15
12012015 Greek Defeats Centaur Parthenon South Metobe 27 440 Metaphor for Greek victory over the Persians Rationalism amp Humanism call on eye and mind to perceive what is presented Erectheion Classical Temple of Athena Polias 430 Mneskiles architect Organized according to a variety asymmetrical v symmetrical plan of Parthenon Caryatid Porch Tomb of Kekrops half human half snake North Porch o Gap in floor to show acropolis bedrock shows marks of Neptunes tripronged triton spear o Opposite of rational and measurable instead complex chambers Ornamented meaningless The measure of a things is not man but God Pato Grave Stele of Hegeso Athens Similar to East Frieze of Hera and Zeus Dorvphoros of Polvkleitos ldeal high classical serene lofty Transform to a man of passion realism Hellenistic Period Late Classical Sculpture Hermes amp Dionvsos Hellenistic 340 o By Praxiteles o Gracefulness humor sensual charming Greek char5 0 Sandals Hellenistic workcopy Sinuous quotSquot shape of Hermes 0 Gentler softer rendering of male form Aphrodite of Knidos 340 Praxiteles 1St statue of the female nude made the female nude proper Standing next to a water jar to bathe A statue that addresses the spectator Ecstatic Maenad Skooas of Paros 350 Intense emotions pathos Controlled bodythisting out of her dress Head of Herakles Skopas Pathos 0 Deep set eyes that cause great shadows more pathos Massive cubic shape Agias Delphi 330 Head body gt 18 in consequence his head looks smaller to his body Representing with the appearance of things taller than they were Reaction to critique of Doryphoros by Polykleitos 0 Head body gt 17 conforms to traditional Greek ratio Apoxyomenos by Lysippos 340 quotYouth Scraping Himselfquot How a statue can act in space arms out crashes through imaginary cyHnder Roman copy Feet pose could shift any second active Hercules Farnese 330 BC Glykon of Athens Tired from holding up the world 0 Must explore dimension of depth Portraits of Alexander the Great 330 Lyssopos A new ideal of a measure of man Vigordreaminess melting glance in eye capturing personality of Alexander in his portraits THE HELLENISTIC PERIOD 323 31 BC Alexander the Great 356323 BC Variety of styles in Hellenistic Arts had to appeal to many peoplesethnicities Replace ideals of the classical period 5th century 0 More pessimistic view of human beings Depicted asor worse than they were Much work continues what LysipposPraxitilis did Venus de Milo Aphrodite from Melos c 150100 Corkscrew pose How Hellenistic artists continued trends of earlier artists like Praxitillis Sleeping Hermaphrodite Hellenistic 2nCI Centurv BC Male gure who acquires female characteristics 0 Hermes Aphrodite Hermaphrodite Bronze Boxer c 150100 BC Pathos is accentuated and intensi ed Sits after a match turns head to the side Deep set eyes scars he suffered in career cauli ower ears Pathossuffering like Syphos s sanctuary quotGreat Altar of Zeusquot Perganon c 180160 BC King Eumenes lbuilt monument Stood at the edge of Acropolis at Perganon Kings considered themselves the heirs to the ideals of Classical Greek art Eumenes trying to establish his temple as the Hellenistic heir to the Parthenon Telephos Frieze interior 0 quotcontinuous friezequot 0 Purpose to document the legitimacy of the kings of Perganon To show their heroic background w TelephosHerakesZeus o Frieze life of Telephos 0 Pergamon altar Hero shrine of Telephos Exterior Frieze base of altar 7 12 ft tall 400 ft long 0 Gigantomachy frieze O O Projecting historical victory against Gaul on mythological victory Figures at time climb stairway Gods vs Giants myth Pergamon vs Gianys history Justiceorder vs injusticedisorder Apollo defeats Giant O 0000 Makes allusions to Parthenon ex South Metope formal stylistic link East Frieze Zeus and Athenafights enemies Zeus vs Purphyrian Athena vs Aikyoneus Earth rises from oor Powerful drapery practically a character Theatricmelodramatic scenes quotHellenisticBaroquequot Sweeping formsdramatic compositions The Death of Laokoon and his sons c 15050 Expressiveexaggerated gures giant bathing Athena D133 BC Kingdom of Perganon bequeathed to Rome Estruscan and Roman Art and Architecture Roman Republic 50931 BC quotrealisticquot portraits of Old Roman Republican Period Aristocratic form of Gov39t 0 Changed by Octavian Julius Caesar39s adopted son 0 Octavian defeats Caesar39s assassins quotThe Principatequot Octavian s gov39t 27 BC Octavian gt Augustus Prix Augusta the Augustan PeaceRelative peace Prosperity at homeRoman conquests O O O 0 Gave Octavian the title quotAugustusquot Became man more of a mortal structure Augustus commissioned Vergil to Aeneid Greatest Epic of Roman history Commissioned to give Rome its noble past Work of propaganda ParthenonPerdamon Elevated to realm of myth not guilty Propaganda as in Imperial Rome Forum of Augustus 272 BC 0 Displays all the hall marks of Augustian art 0 Highly formalized space basically a lesson in Roman history ideas etc Temple of Marsultor Roman temples normally built against a wall 0 Made of local store with sheath of white marble Flanked by coonnades Two hemicycles for statues o Aeneas son of Venus and founder of Roman people 0 Romulus son of Mars and founder of the city of Rome Axis linking these two Line out of axis culminated at statue of Augustus n Legitimizing link between AugustusljRomulusAeneas n Myth and history fused together Hall at end of NW Portico once supported colossal statue of Augustus 40 ft tall 0 Behind hemicycle of Aeneas Forum hiClhIV prooaoandistic Link to Greek Golden age with marble and exact duplicate of the caryatids that stood in south porch of Erechthion to Roman Golden Age 0 5th century AthensDAugustus