Popular in American History since 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindley on Monday November 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1020 at Clemson University taught by Rod Andrew in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see American History since 1865 in History at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 11/30/15
929 1920 s Remembered as a period of social upheaval and cultural changes Technological developments that led to cultural changes Mass production of automobiles Assembly line production making them cheaper and available to middle class Much more mobile distinction between urban and rural broke down creation of suburbs Mass production of radiosphonographrecord player more homogenized culture Movies and movie theaters homogenized culture Household conveniences Washing machines sewing machines canned goods fridges Gave women more free time Culturalmoral shift shift from Victorianism to modernism Modernism intellectual and cultural movement that challenged Victorianism Challenged standards of morality ideas of religion ideas of musicartliterature and to some extent the proper role of women Dating changes sexual Hemlines of women s dresses changes of women s behavior ex smoking in public drinking in public appers Status of women 19th Amendment middle class women outside of the home African American ideas and attitude changes During WWI supported war effort believing it d give them more respect from whites During and after war many blacks began to leave south and migrate to northern cities in search of jobs Great Migration 1910 s and 1920 s New Negro not really a thing in the South mostly North especially in cities Began becoming politically active and asserting their rights in away they never have Black nationalism black culturalism proud of race sometimes bitter Marcus Garvey was their leading spokesman went so far as to say they should leave America and create a black republic in Africa Back to Africa movement NAACP Provided legal defense for poorer blacks published studies on lynching a legal group Harlem Renaissance black authors that asserted the value of a black subculture music like jazz and blues Change in intellectual thought particularly psychology Victorianism saw human mind as logical and reason there is sane and there is crazy Sigmund Freud subconscious irrational repressed thoughts Prohibition 18th Amendment Reactions against Prohibition distillery bootlegging speakeasiesunderground bars Became cool and fashionable to break the law Great income of organized crime came out of Prohibition maflas Al Capone seen as glamorous hero Finally repealed in 1933 Rapid cultural change reactions against it Huge rebirth of KKK not just in South didn t just target blacks but also Catholics Jews and immigrants claimed to be a force of moral order would go after bootleggers wifebeaters women who committed adultery Upsurge in fundamentalism people who argue for and believe in literal truth of the Bible saw literal mistreatment of Bible acceptance of evolution alcohol and seX Especially concerned with evolution some states passed laws prohibiting the teaching of evolution John Scopes Scopes trial monkey trial Scopes was arrested and charged for teaching evolution in his science class Prosecuting attorney of Tennessee William Jennings Bryan and defendant on behalf of ACCU Clarence Darrow famous trial lawyer agnostic John Scopes was convicted and given 100 fine Supreme Court upheld verdict but overturned f1ne Made Bryan look like a fool in some parts of the country fundamentalists were made fun of Key points of trial Trial was about huge issues about man and his place on earth Modernist Viewpoint V traditional religious Viewpoint Illustrates how rapid changes in society are often accompanied by some sort of backlash Issues surrounding the trial are still with us Lots of private Christian academies and colleges were crated during this time Who gets the right to decide what we teach our children large signi cance of trial