Popular in Global History to 1500
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacqueline Wiley on Tuesday December 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 151, 22 at La Salle University taught by Professor Frassetto in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Global History to 1500 in History at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 12/01/15
Week 7 of Notes Prof. Frassetto Greece: Crisis o By about 500, the main political and economic structures had been well defined Athenian democracy was established under Pericles o What Next? 500-300, two major developments developed Some of the greatest achievements of the ancient Greeks were established during this period Tragic, fatal flaw of Greeks was discovered In around 500, Darius was the King of Kings in the Persian empire Last of the great powers that came out of the Mesopotamian region Persians who conquered the Babylonians and allowed the Jews to return home to Jerusalem Tolerant of their subject populations Was organized in Satrapies and ruled by Satraps Nobility were skilled warriors and loyal warriors and dedicated to Persia Naturalistic culture Aggressive, expansive power This empire had reached the shores of modern day western turkey which means that they had conquered all of those ancient Poleis These cities rebelled, they were tiny, so they went to Athens and Sparta. o Sparta said no o Athens agreed to help After awhile, even with Athens help, the Persians suppressed the revolts and Darius was not happy He plans to invade Greece in 490 to teach the Athenians a lesson Fights the Athenians, the Athenians were outnumbered 2.5 to 1… The Athenians won This is the Battle of Marathon! It took place 26.2 miles outside of Athens Darius was really angry after this For the next 4 years, Darius planned and organized and built up his army. In 486, he died. His son, Xerxes, picked up where his father left of In 480, he invaded Greece with 5 million men. Modern estimates is 60,000… Really big army Serious invasion that threatened the existence of the ancient Greek world Two things happened in Greece o Athenians found a new reserve of silver in one of their mines o Used this to build a fleet The Greeks formed an alliance formed with 30 Poleis, such as Athens and Sparta o They sat and waited Mount at Thermopylae o A spall contingent of Spartans and prevented the Persians from making their way South o Watch 300! o Really good reference 479, Greece wins Greeks formed a league, Delion league against the Persians o On the island of Delos was the headquarters o Joined voluntarily o Evolved into an Athenian Empire Peloponnesian Wars occurred from 430-400, Athens vs. Sparta Greatest Navy vs. the Greatest Army