New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 4: Socialization and Self

by: Amelia Notetaker

Chapter 4: Socialization and Self SOC 100

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Huntsville > Art History > SOC 100 > Chapter 4 Socialization and Self
Amelia Notetaker
GPA 3.88

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are my notes for the 4th Chapter. All required readings for the course are outlined as well as the lecture.
Intro to Sociology
Dr. Christina Steidl
Class Notes
sociology, uah, socialization, self, notes
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Sociology

Popular in Art History

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amelia Notetaker on Tuesday December 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at University of Alabama - Huntsville taught by Dr. Christina Steidl in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Art History at University of Alabama - Huntsville.

Similar to SOC 100 at UAH

Popular in Art History


Reviews for Chapter 4: Socialization and Self


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 12/01/15
Chapter 4 Lecture Notes • Studying social interactions ○ Merton's role theory: provides vocabulary for analyzing social interactions § Status: recognizable social position that an individual occupies □ Achieved: something you did yourself □ Ascribed: titled assigned to you, like a daughter § Roles: duties and behaviors expected of someone who holds a certain status □ Role conflict: 2 roles in 2 statuses are in conflict □ Role strain: 2 roles in 1 status are in conflict • How do you learn these roles? ○ Socialization: process by which individuals internalize values, beliefs, and norms of societies and learn to function as members of society § Agents of socialization: families, school, peers, and media § Part of a process of developing a Self • Sex and gender ○ Sex: biological characteristics § Male or female § More complicated: nature- more than 2 sexes ○ Gender: social position, what is expected socially of people because of those characteristics § Man --> masculine § Woman --> feminine • Judith Lorber ○ Gender establishes patterns of expectation for people, orders our daily lives, and frames our identity • Body image and toys ○ Barbie's dimensions are impossible § G.I. Joe ○ Toys highlight feminine and masculine features • Bechdel test ○ Criteria that provides female's representation in TV and film ○ Test: § At least 2 female characters with names § Those 2 female characters must talk to each other § The conversation must be about something other than men ○ Representative: actually reflects sample of the population • Vocabulary for gender and power ○ Hegemonic masculinity: social practices that promote men and the subordinate position of women § Religion, media, culture, language § Emphasized femininity ○ Alternate femininities and masculinity: different ways social roles are influenced ○ Gender maneuvering: actions that disrupt the replication of complementary relations and meanings of masculinity and femininity § Blurs the line • Connecting gender and sex ○ Cisgender: majority of people § Describe people whose gender identity conforms with that typically associated with the sex to which they were assigned at birth ○ Transgender: gender identity doesn't conform with assigned sex and birth • Sexuality ○ Can refer to § Desire § Sexual preference § Sexual identity § Behavior ○ Patterns of sexuality vary over time and spaces • Research on sexuality - 1948 ○ Kinsey scale § 46% men in the US felt both homosexual and heterosexual feelings ○ World isn't divided into sheep and goats § There isn't just 2 sexualities • Sociological research: sexual activity ○ Does making a virginity pledge help prevent the spread of STD's among teens? § Delays onset of sexual activity and lower number of partners § but making the pledge doesn't reduce STD's In the heat of the moment, they are less prepared and less likely to use a condom “The Looking Glass Self” Cooley • What’s a self? ○ Set of concepts used to define who we are ○ We develop our self concept by assuming the point of view of our peers and imaging how they see us Reflected appraisals: evaluation and revision of our self concept through life “The Generalized Other” Mead • Play: teaches us to put ourselves in another person's shoes • Games: teaches us to keep in mind all of the players and what they're doing and how that constructs our actions Generalized other: the internalized sense of the expectations of an abstract other in a variety of settings - regardless of whether we've encountered these people before “Dramaturgical Theory” Goffman • Metaphor of social interacts as theater performances - including stage, roles, scripts, props, ect ○ Society assigns up our roles - based on our status § Learn basic story through socialization ○ Create the particulars together (improv) • Vocab ○ Front stage: audience ○ Back stage: privacy ○ Openings and closing: the beginning and end. Hellos and goodbyes ○ Given gestures: intentional ○ Given-off gestures: unintentional ○ Face: how individuals hold each other (can be role specific) ○ Audience protection: keeps "scene" going § Second hand embarrassment Civil inattention: politely ignoring “Gender Advertisements” Goffman • Men are portrayed as… Women are portrayed as… Physically active Passive alert Touching self Mean expression Sexy and available More space taken up Caressing object “Masculinity in Male Cheerleaders” Anderson • Orthodox masculinity ○ Want to be around the women ○ Couldn't make the football team, decided to help the women ○ Homophobic ○ Relies on tools of social norms to prevent violation of masculinity • Inclusive masculinity ○ Don't mind violating masculinity ○ Boundaries are more loose ○ Say they enjoy cheerleading and don't care if it makes them look gay Have better relationships with their female team mates “Skating Femininity” Finley • How do roller derby skaters engage in gender maneuvering? ○ Men = child care takers, cheer on women ○ Women = hurt, mean, cuss • Feminized aggression: showing off bruises, skull and cross bones with a pink bow, the names used by the skaters ○ Manipulate cultural meanings of gender ○ Redefines statuses: embrace pariah, love being bitches ○ Create contradictions in the complementary gender relations Male partners in supportive role “Learning from Drag Queens” Taylor & Rupp • Research the relative importance of sex and gender in how we respond with others • Troubled gender: when some gender doesn't fit as what we assume • Gender isn't black and white • Straight men were attracted to the drag queens ○ The drag queens could have full beards and have a high voice ○ Very confusing to some customers • Drag Queens can make men attracted to the by performing gender roles People associate gender with attraction


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.