Chapter 8: Sex, Gender, and Sexuality
Chapter 8: Sex, Gender, and Sexuality SOC 100
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amelia Notetaker on Tuesday December 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at University of Alabama - Huntsville taught by Dr. Christina Steidl in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Art History at University of Alabama - Huntsville.
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Date Created: 12/01/15
Chapter 8 Lecture Notes 0 Social construction of crime 0 Crime violation of laws enacted by society 0 Social deviance any transgression of socially established norms Street crime crime committed in public and often associated with violence or property Whit collar crime committed against a corporation agency etc 0 Social construction of crime Drug Crimes 0 War on drugs a series of federal policies that increase funds for drug law enforcement Differences in sentences that are mandatory If you OD from illegal drugs you get rehab or therapy 0 Other use of illegal drugs you get jail time 0 Social construction of drug crimes 0 How do we categorize which drug crimes are the worst Which crimes deserve which sentences What is more dangerous Not always the substance 0 How do we seek to enforce these laws What procedures do we use to catch violators DEA stings gt certain geographical area different levels of enforcement less in rural areas 0 Population density affects this 0 Education of rights 0 Changes incentive of departments 0 Costs of crime 0 Street crime 157 billion in total 2010 0 White collar crime 610 billion in total 2010 o Dif cult to measure changes in crime rates because we change laws rede ning crime 0 Who goes to prison 0 Differences in rates of violation 0 Doesn39t explain huge disparities 0 Differences in rates of being caught 0 Differences in criminal justice process 0 Police interactions gt arrest and charging gt conviction gt sentencing Who gets caught 0 Policing disproportionately targets poor and minority neighborhoods Visibility and access Pro ling and stereotyping Effectiveness and policies 0 Change in social institutions that serve poor and minority populations increase contact with police 0 Interview with Victor Rios Traditional model of schools punishment detention Crime prevention at school metal detectors police are present 0 Kids are seen as potential criminals and are taken out of school Shift in how we police Arrest and charging 0 Data suggests police are more likely to arrest lower class youth to while referring higher class youths to their parents 0 Criminal charges more likely for street crimes than for white collar crimes 0 Arrests and charges are more likely for low level violations tied to funding Drug crimes Convictions 0 Ability to pay bail Con nement limits one39s ability to aid in their own defense Motivates innocent defendants to plea bargain 8590 are pleas 0 Quality of legal counsel Courtappointed attorneys have less time and money to prepare for trial 0 Private counsel associated with commuted executions Sentencing 0 Increase in quotget toughquot laws for street crimes but not white collar crimes Mandatory minimum 3strikes 0 Ability to manipulate program to reduce sentences drug abuse rehab etc 0 Different application of laws by economic status and race Gilliam amp lyengan 0 Experiment to see how perception of race were linked to criminal behavior 0 2 versions of a local news cast 1 with a suspect and one without 0 60 reported seeing a suspect when they didn39t 70 of those said the suspect was a black male 0 Conclusions 0 Society is always adjusting what it considers a crime 0 US imprisons citizens at a higher rate than any other society in history 0 25 of prisoners in the world are from the US 0 Criminal justice practices shaping who we see as quotcriminalquot and who gets a say in the creation of laws etc quotThe Poor Gets Prisonquot Prisons national quotpoor housequot 0 Poor more likely to get arrested than a rich person who did the same crime Blacks are also targeted by the prison system Blacks are less likely to be released on bail than whites Blacks who victimize whites get harsher sentences than the other way around 0 Illegal discrimination of blacked turned to legal with the justice system 0 Primarily poor blacks Factors like a nice home to keep one out of trouble isn39t common for blacks Blacks that end in jail have a close economic status as the whites that go the same way Race and status can increase chance ofjail time Laws make the poor more likely to be arrested