Chapter 13: Education
Chapter 13: Education SOC 100
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amelia Notetaker on Tuesday December 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at University of Alabama - Huntsville taught by Dr. Christina Steidl in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Art History at University of Alabama - Huntsville.
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Date Created: 12/01/15
Chapter 13 Lecture Notes Sociology of education 0 Roles of schools in socialization Hidden curriculum 0 How to be an adult in society 0 Social norms are taught Listening to authority Getting to places on time Repetitionroutines Take turns Voting 0 Coleman report 0 Study in 6039s 0 School characteristics explain only a small amount of difference in educational outcome How well you do in X grade 0 Family background and peers you attend with matters most We become the people we hang out with Annette Lareau Unequal childhoods o How do parenting styles in uence how children do in schooleducational outcomes 0 Interviews with 4 types of families and ethnography Middle and upper whites gt middle and upper blacks Working and poor whites gt working and poor blacks No differences in parenting styles in white and black families Difference in class status 0 Working and poor natural growth 0 Childhood play and exploration 0 Conversations are imaginative and focused on directives Play time is free builds independence Institutions exert force on individuals who must comply 0 Middle and upper class concerted cultivation Childhood time of preparations and skill development 0 Conversations built vocabulary and develop reasoning Play time is scheduled Individuals need to be assertive when navigating institutions Achievement socioeconomic impact 0 Family level gt incomeresources 0 School level gt resourcesclass size 0 Class size biggest factor 0 Neighborhood level gt safenesshealthy food access Socioeconomic class gt gt educational achievement Closing the gap 0 Shouldn39t schools help kids catch up Creates even playing eld 0 Equality of condition Differences in children in school family and neighborhood 0 Equality of opportunity Differences in school resources and class size Textbook pg 495506 Education process through which academic social and cultural ideas and tools both general and speci c are developed Hidden curriculum nonacademic and less overt socializing action functions of schooHng o Instill dominant cultural values Schools lst sort students according to their future jobs and teach skills necessary 0 Test ability talent social and morals 0 Eliminate those not good enough o Taught different skills and socialized ways deemed important to future job Social capital the info knowledge of people and connections that help individuals enter gain power in or otherwise leverage social networks tracking way of dividing students into different classes by ability or future plans 0 Create better learning environment quotHow Schools Really Matterquot Downey amp Gibbs Schools with high income students perform better than schools with low income students Taxes pay for schools Higher resource schools encounter less children with behavioral problems and more engaged parents Typical 18 year old spends 13 of life in school Kids begin school with very different kinds of academic skills 0 Consequence of different kinds of students schools serve Parents can help with homework and attend to medical needs or not 0 More evolved parents produced smarted kids School quality played small role in test scores High and low income students learned at the same rate in school year but not in summer Schools do not equal source of inequality Hard to decide which schools get more funding because outside factors in uence children Comparing schools with and without summer break shows groups learn the same amount at the end Summer school seems a good way to x it o Gained fewer skills actually Children gain 3 times more weight in the summer
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