Chapter 18: Social Movements & Social Changes
Chapter 18: Social Movements & Social Changes SOC 100
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amelia Notetaker on Tuesday December 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at University of Alabama - Huntsville taught by Dr. Christina Steidl in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Art History at University of Alabama - Huntsville.
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Date Created: 12/01/15
Chapter 18 Lecture Notes Creating social change acting together 0 Collective action action that takes place in groups and deviates from the social norms of the situation Not necessarily have a goal 0 Social movement collective behavior that is purposeful organized and institutionalized to achieve a social or political goal Have a goal Voting isn39t this because it is individualized or ritualized Freedom riders 0 Riding to places where segregation was prevalent Whites and blacks violating those laws Nonviolent O Blacks were considered quotsubhumanquot by whites in the deep south Wanted freedom nationally not just in the south 0 Made to challenge the government and what they were supposed to do Trained volunteers what to do when attacked 0 One bus was stopped and set on re ending that bus39s tour The KKK made a deal with the police to allow them to do whatever to the freedom riders for at leats 15 minutes with no consequences 0 Eventually the government stepped in allowing the nal bus to nish and segregation was banned in bus terminals and inside the actual bus every where Stages of a social movement 0 Emergence social problem being addressed is lst identi ed 0 Coalescence resources being mobilized that is concrete action is taken around the problems outlines during emergence O Routinization movement becomes institutionalized and a formal organization structure develops to promote the cause 0 Coalescence is where most things disappeargo away it39s the hardest part Getting people to actually commit Social movement theories 0 Why do social movements arise when they do 0 Classical model suggests movements to arise when social structure causes individuals to experience psychological distress to the point where they act collectively to force social change 0 Resource mobilization theory suggests movements arise when resources and networks become available there is always social discontentment 0 Political process model suggest that movements arise when changes in political structure provides increased opportunities for change Social movement tactics 0 Performance Parades O Sitins Boycotts O Strikes Workers leave work to go on strike 0 Physical obstructions lnconvenience creates awareness Protestors blocking the highway 0 Teachins 19605 A bunch of people interested in a cause listen and learn from an expert teaching it Textbook pg 698713 Social movement collective behavior that is purposeful organized and institutionalized but not ritualized Alternative social movement seeks the most limited societal change and often target a narrow group of people Redemptive social movement target speci c groups but advocate for more radical change in behavior Reformative social movement advocate for limited social change across an entire society Revolutionary social movement advocate the radical reorganization of society 0 Tea party Social movement organization a group of developed to recruit new members and coordinate participation in a particular social movement these groups also often raise money clarify goals and structure participation in the movement Grassroots organization type of social movement organization that relies on high levels of community based membership participation to promote social change It lacks a hierarchical structure and works through existing political structures Textbook pg 717723 Premodernity social relations characterized by concentric circles of social af liation a low degree of division of labor relatively undeveloped technology and traditional social norms Modernity social relations characterized by rationality bureaucratization and objectivity as well as individuality created by nonconcentric but overlapping group af liations Simmel modernity is characterized by a birth of individual through a web of group af liations Postmodernity social relations characterized by a questioning of the motion of progress and history the replacement of narrative with pastiche and multiple perhaps even con icting identities resulting from disjointed af liations
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