P102 Week 2 Notes
P102 Week 2 Notes PSY-P 102
Popular in Introductory Psychology 2
Popular in Psychlogy
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Veronica Bone on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY-P 102 at Indiana University taught by Irene Vlachos-Weber in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 432 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology 2 in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
P102 Week 2 Lecture Notes Theories of Personality A Psychoanalytic Theory Freud 0 Back in the day used by most people now it is kind of controversial o Freud started as a medical doctor dealing with neurotic patients I Neuroses people Who are neurotic are depressed and anxious o Freud also started the idea of the unconscious 0 One of the problems people have With psycholanalysis and psychoanalytic theory is it is not scientifically based no real evidence 0 Science is empirical I Measure using your senses I Freud talks about conception things but not really physical 0 So his theory is not science because it is not measurable 1 core of personality intrapsychic event inside your mind events win the mind that motivate behavior 0 Skinner says you do stuff for rewards while Freud says you are motivated by mind a psychological determinism all behavior determined by motives not chancel there is a purpose for everything and nothing happens by accident b motives drives instincts for example animals are driven solely by instincts for humans a few examples are when you are hungry you are driven toward food 1drives create tension 0 which is unpleasant o for example if you are cold you are uncomfortable which motivates you to search for warmth 2basic human goal achieve pleasure and avoid pain which is known as the pleasure principle 32 major drives 0 Sex eros present from birth includes All pleasurable things 0 Food ice skating friends ect o Aggression includes Death and destruction 4 Drives are present at birth 2 The structure of personality a 3 layers of mind is comparable to an ice burg can only see a small portion on top contain thoughts feelings and motivations P102 Week 2 Lecture Notes 1 conscious awareness part of the iceburg you can see what you can acess in your brain and you are actively aware of 0 being hungry tired your surroundings 2 preconscious not currently aware but can become aware 0 Your phone number or your address or some sort of memory are examples 3 unconscious cant t bring into awareness only get a glimpse 0 Violent motives fears selfish needs irrational wishes dreams slips of tongue Freudian Slip when you say something and think it is a slip it was not a mistake but a glimpse into unconscious o For example saying I don t think we have been seduced while trying to say I don t think we have been introduced the slip is your unconscious thought b 3 personality structures 1 Id infant a Major drives amp basic needs b Irrational impulsive c seeks out immediate gratification Pleasure principle driven to seek pleasure avoid pain What you want now 2 Superego a angel on shoulder functions as your conscience Not born with learn overtime b age 35 yrs you start internalizing society s values amp feel guilty What you learn from parent like don t steal ect 3 Ego a mediates conflict between id amp superego P102 Week 2 Lecture Notes brealtiy principle compromise choose actions gratify id wout undesirable consequences Ex of the ld Superego and Ego together scenario Waking up in the Morning 0 Id immediate gratification stay in bed and watch Netflix all day 0 Superego what you should do go on a run and eat a healthy breakfast to start your day before class 0 Ego compromise Wake up watch an episode of Netflix eat a healthy breakfast and go to class c defense mechanisms 0 Unconscious 0 Prevent unacceptable ld urges from reaching awareness and conscious which would creat a lot of anxiety 1 repression anxietyprovoking thoughts impulses memories are pushed out of awareness 0 Not aware they were there to begin with because trying to push out of awareness 0 Ex sexual abuse or watching a parent die 0 Controversy where there was a so called 1 out of 3 women that have been sexually abused Psychologists were convinced women were repressing these thoughts 80 women would go to therapy and have false memories put in their head by their therapist urging them toward the thought that they were sexually abused and repressing those thoughts 0 Repression is rare more common is PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder 2 denial anxiety filled events are denied and barred from awareness Ex Deny that significant other is cheating or that a cancer patient might die Serves a protective function because it is not something you want to think about 3 projection project own attribute unacceptable impulses onto others Ex Prejudice people who think they are better than others yet they say about those others that they think they are better P102 Week 2 Lecture Notes 4 Reaction formation converting an unacceptable feeling into its opposite Ex In studies it has been shown that people that are extra critical when watching homosexual behavior are more aroused by it They feel ashamed they feel that way Ex Politician passed a law against gay marriage while having a homosexual affair himself 5 rationalization Creating excuses to justify failures shortcoming Ex Asking a crush out but being rejected then saying that they weren t my type anyway 6 sublimation channeling inacceptable impulses into socially acceptable activities If you have a long distance relationship and can t see the person instead of sexing it up study P102 Aggressive use contact sports 7 Displacement unconscious Wish drive is redirected to an acceptable alternative I Have a bad day take it out on someone that had nothing to do With the bad reason I Kick the dog Psychosexual stages a Developmental stages child passes through in order 1Birthld sex drive looking for outlet pleasure source 2Each stage aerogenous zone body area provides pleasure btask achieve c fixation energy still focused on earlier stage i during times of stress do behaviors typical of that earlier stage 1 could lead to a psychological disorder C P102 Week 2 Lecture Notes stages 1 oral birth 112 yr zone mouth and tongue task weaning from breast feeding or bottle feeding o fixated o oral receptive weaned to late putting things in mouth for pleasure oral pleasure seeking kiss eat chew gum o oralaggressive weaned to early destructive bite verbally hostile chew ice 2 anal 112 3 yr zoneanus task potty training fixated o analretentive when parent is rigid on potty training neatorderly stubborn withholding stingy kind of OCD o analexpulsive messy cruel destructive emotional
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