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Development Lecture

by: Maddy Hodgman

Development Lecture PSYCH 100

Marketplace > Psychlogy > PSYCH 100 > Development Lecture
Maddy Hodgman
GPA 3.83
Introduction to Psychology
John Bickford

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About this Document

Class notes from 10/30/14 on development!
Introduction to Psychology
John Bickford
One Day of Notes
Psychology, psych, Intro to Psychology, development
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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Maddy Hodgman on Friday January 30, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to PSYCH 100 at a university taught by John Bickford in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 134 views.


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Date Created: 01/30/15
Thursday October 30 2014 Psychology Lecture Development Study of growth and change over the lifespan Stage theories People change development proceeds through a series of stages that represent qualitative changes in functioning Not just a change of degree of function but of types of functions as well Cognitive moral and psychosocial development Piaget Cognitive development Stage theory of cognitive development Observed that children s thinking is qualitatively different at different ages Sensorimotor stage Birth to 2 years No language world understood experientially Development of motor skills learning to crawl then toddle then walk learning to control one s body and limbs Development of object permanence realization that objects in the world exist independentofoneseH Infant has no cognitive ability to understand their environment Preoperational stage Ages 2 7 Development of language Symbolic representation of objects in environment Reasoning is still in terms of perceptual experience Abstracting and generalizing required for conceptual thinking still not present Thursday October 30 2014 Preoprational egocentrism Inability to take another person s perspective Confusing physical and psychological events Animism establishing thoughts and feelings to inanimate objects Realism Lack of conservation Failing to understand that alterations in appearance or arrangement do not alter quantity or number Difficulty with transformation Not taking into account the rearrangement of objects in rows Not understanding change as a process Has difficulty arranging photos to show stages of a change process Single classification Still developing conceptual thought Classification is still rudimentary Child has trouble understanding that her teacher can also be a mother Concrete operations Ages 712 Perspective taking Conservation Decentration Reasoning about transformations Multiple classification Deductive reasoning Drawing inferences Trouble with abstract hypothetical or counterfactual ideas Thursday October 30 2014 Formal Operations Ages 1215 Ability to deal with abstract hypothetical and counterfactual ideas Proportional thought Construction of alternatives to reality Social political or ethical ideals can be formed Criticisms of Piaget Unclear how the different stages of development emerge What is happening to drive this change Seems to be more gradual than stagewise progression Quantitative changes rather than qualitative changes Moral development Kohlberg s theory of moral development Level 1 Preconventional morality Moral What makes me feel good Stage 1 punishment avoidance and obedience Stage 2 Exchange of favors Level 2 Conventional morality Moral what I m told to do Stage 3 Good boygirl Stage 4 Law and order Level 3 Postconventional morality Moral transcendent values of rightness Stage 5 Social contract Stage 6 Universal ethical principles Criticism of Kohlberg Thursday October 30 2014 Carol Gilligan Kohlberg based on specific male moral values justicebased Women s morality more compassionbased Different values Men inclined top put abstract principles ahead of feelings or social relations Men are not uncompassionate but women extend compassion more widely


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