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Gerontology Week 3- Theories of Aging

by: Alyssa Steves

Gerontology Week 3- Theories of Aging HD 305

Marketplace > Washington State University > Human Development > HD 305 > Gerontology Week 3 Theories of Aging
Alyssa Steves
GPA 2.94
Wendy Ewest

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Definitions, page numbers, and interpretations of the theories assigned from 1E in Unit 1.
Wendy Ewest
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Steves on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HD 305 at Washington State University taught by Wendy Ewest in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 191 views. For similar materials see Gerontology in Human Development at Washington State University.

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Date Created: 01/30/15
o modernization theory 0 O p 810 the view that the status of older adults has declined since industrialization and the spread of technology Modernization theory is the idea that because older adults are unable to adjust to the new and continuously changing technology they are not capable of staying relevant in our society An example of this would be older adults being released from a job in favor of younger adults who are more uptodate with the latest technology and software at a company 0 disengagement theory 0 O p 1011 24 32 and 38 the idea that separation of older people from active roles in society is normal and appropriate and benefits both society and older individuals The disengagement theory suggests that the slow retreating of older adults from society is part of a properly functioning society The age deterioration technological ineptitude etc is somewhat expected of the older generation and it is ourjob as a society to care for them as they make this transition An example of this is a family understanding that an aging parent that has retired and no longer socializes during family functions is understandable due to their age and slower tempo 0 activity theory 0 p 12 and 32 o a view holding that the more active people are the more likely they are to be satisfied with life The activity theory is based on the idea that activity and engagement through the latter years of life leave older adults feeling more content with where they are This may be due to their physical activity levels their methods of socialization or mental alertness through learning An example of the activity theory is a group of older women who go on daily walks and take part in aerobics classes to stay fit claiming it makes them feel young again 0 continuity theory 0 p 12 and 32 o the view that in aging people are inclined to maintain as much as they can the same habits personalities and styles of life they have developed in earlier years Continuity theory states that older people attempt to maintain the same lifestyle that they have had throughout their younger years This may include annual vacations participating in activities similar to their past jobs participating in physical activities that they ve enjoyed their whole life etc For example an older man who still meets his friend for chess goes on bike rides with his grandchildren and takes his wife out to dinner for date night at their favorite spot would be happier than a gentleman who slowly stops participating in his favorite activities 0 wear and tear theory 0 O O O O p 59 aging result of chance the human body is constantly wearing out and being repaired a good explanation for some aspects of aging such as joints in the hips fingers and knees ex osteoarthritis cataracts started by Aristotle but expounded on by August Weismann distinguished between the two types of cells in the body germplasm cells such as the sperm and egg which are capable of reproducing and are in some sense immortal and somatic cell comprising the rest of the body which die argued that aging takes place because somatic cells cannot renew themselves and so living things succumb to the wear and tear of existence aging is the statistical result of wear and tear The wear and tear theory explains that the act of aging is accompanied by the expected breakdown of the body including joints and organs bodily systems and the propensity for cancer diseases etc as a body ages An example of this theory is the physical shrinking and occasional curvature of the spine from old age resulting in the necessary use of a cane wheelchair or other mobility aids o role loss theory 0 O p 23 the process of giving up or losing previous roles such as the role of spouse with widowhood or the role of worker with retirement Role loss theory explains the loss of certain positions throughout one s life as they age especially as they enter into older adulthood whether through their physical deterioration mental ineptitude or other result of old age An example of this would be entering into a nursing home due to the loss of the ability to care for one s self or getting a personal driver when the ability to drive worsens due to worsening eyesight and depth perception 0 social class and life history O p 13 the journey through life is dependent on social class which is strongly related to the number of years spent in the educational system 0 socioeconomic position predicts how long people are in school but whether when their children will be born social class has a lifelong influence on health status 0 Social class and life history are incredibly influential in the development of adults and the transition into old age due to the availability of access to health care proper nourishment education etc The availability for proper care at every developmental stage will determine how a person transitions into their older years as well as access to sufficient care in nursing homes athome care medications and medical access An example of this would be whether or not a family can afford to have a nurse care for an aging parent at their home or whether they will need to be admitted into a nursing home 0 cognitive theory 0 p 23 and 24 o a view of aging that emphasizes individual subjective perception rather than actual objective change itself as the factor that determines behavior associated with advanced age 0 The cognitive theory of aging suggests that the act of aging and the factors and events that occur throughout the process are perceived differently from person to person This individual interpretation is important to how the process of aging actually occurs because perception can alter how the act of aging actually goes An example of this would be how an adult deals with moving into an adult child s home one could view it as an opportunity to bond with the children and grandchildren and be taken care of or view it as a loss of independence All study material is from Moody HR amp Sasser J R 2015 Aging Concepts and Controversies 8th ed Thousand Oaks CA Sage


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