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US History;Ch.9 Notes

by: Jamesia Arnold

US History;Ch.9 Notes hist 2010-004

Marketplace > U of M > History > hist 2010-004 > US History Ch 9 Notes
Jamesia Arnold
U of M
GPA 3.066

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Us to 1877
Dr. Jim Johnson
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamesia Arnold on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to hist 2010-004 at U of M taught by Dr. Jim Johnson in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Us to 1877 in History at U of M.


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Date Created: 04/01/16
Chapter 9 Notes I. A New Economy th Early 19 Century Market revolution Isolation from markets Transportation & communication revolutions Forms a. Toll roads b. Steamboats c. Canals- Erie Canal and competing canal projects d. Railroads e. Telegraph 1. Consequences INTERIOR settlement Lower transportation improvement Communication improvement Western farmers to distant markets Rise of the Cotton Kingdom Contributing factors Demand for cotton Invention of cotton gin Opening of Deep South Revitalization & spread of slavery a. Domestic slave trade b. Plantation slavery c. Effect on South’s development II. Market Society Northwest farming a. Eastern markets b. Transportation networks c. Availability of credit d. Improved farm machinery Growth of cities From craft production to mass production Factory system a. Early enterprise b. Initial features i. Concentration of workers ii. Centralized supervision iii. Water power iv. Power-driven machinery v. “Outwork” C. Evolving features i. Steam power ii. Interchangeable parts iii. Standardized products D. Regional variations i. Early industry in New England ii. Small-scale manufacturing in North iii. Little industry in South Industrial Worker Work time & Leisure time Wage earners Women @ Lowell Growth of Immigration to America a) Jobs & land b) Conditions in Europe c) Advances in long-distance travel d) Appeal of American freedoms e) Irish potato Experience of: Irish German Others Rise of Nativism a. Anxiety over immigration b. Saw Irish as subversive to democratic republic c. Anti- immigrants initiatives Legal foundation of business growth Corporate charters Limited liability Charters as contracts Companies & property damage Criminalization of strikes III. Free Individual Link b/w West & “freedom” Manifest Destiny Economic mobility Transcedantalists Self-realization Self- reliance Privacy Second Great Awakening Manifestations Wave of revivals # of ministers, church members, churches Themes & features Human free will Democratic IV. Visions, realities, & limits of prosperity Ideals of market revolution Competition & material advancement as measures of freedom Self-made man Beneficiaries of market revolution Wealthy bankers, merchants, industrialists, planters Middle-class employees Successful craftsmen Professionals Free blacks & market revolution Barriers to opportunity Black institutional life Women & market revolution Cult of domesticity Separate spheres Ideals of feminity and masculinity Wage earning women Limited rights Meager terms of labor Middle-class women Domestic respectability Freedom from household labor Concerns over effects of market revolution Cycle of boom & bust Irregular employment Widening inequalities Erosion of craft skills Wage dependency


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