Week 12 Notes
U of M
Popular in Crime and Social Control
Popular in Sociology
This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carly Rasmussen on Thursday December 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 3102 at University of Minnesota taught by Dr. Ferrales in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Crime and Social Control in Sociology at University of Minnesota.
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Date Created: 12/03/15
Theories of Punishment and Issues of Evaluation Legislative Acts 1905 men under 17 and women under 18 considered to be juveniles Prosecutors were allowed discretion if they wished to prosecute a juvenile as an adult passive transfer less than 1 of juveniles cases tried in adult court Progrees of the juvenile court Usually males informally transferred Flexible and pliable system Created at a time where youth did commit violent crimes Modern response War on Drugs 1990 s Tough transfer laws enacted across nation 0 Counteracted exible juvenile processes 0 Automatic for many crimes without respect to age or past criminal record 0 Youth no long a mitigating factor in adult court Causes of modern juvenile system 0 Rehabilitation did not work 0 Perception that young people were committing more heinous crimes I Created by the media 0 Lax juvenile system not enough to instill personal responsibility 0 Did not have sufficient deterrent effect Causes of drastic shift 0 Decline of public support for rehabilitative ideal I Media politics discourse I Willie Bosketljjuveniles as young as 13 tried as adult I Adult transfers and longer sentences 0 System completely revamped by the 1990 s Q u e sti o n s How should criminal justice be managed What is the purpose of punishment How do you resolve the competing philosophical views of justice Perspectives on Punishment Crime Control Model General general prevention of crime public understands tough on crime Specific focuses on the individual instill within the person understanding the consequences Overriding purpose 0 Protect public deter the criminal incapacitate Punishment fits the crime speedy and efficient justice Focus on making reparations Policies such as 0 increasing police force building more police force using death penalty reducing legal controls on the justice system juvenile codes sex offender registration What is the result of tougher crime control policies 0 Increased incarcerations 0 Backlash and loss of faith 0 Increased feardistortion of crime problem 0 Recidivism actually increase due to reentry problems Rehabilitation Model Return them back to the community Treatmentconcern for the offender Why did they commit the crime What is it the product of Counseling and preventionbuild schools not prisons Oppose the death penalty Restorative Justice Model Focuses on both the offenders and the Victims Offenders repair the harm that they have done understand their crime return things Theory of justice crime against the community at large 3 principles 0 Community ownership of con ict including crime 0 Material and symbolic repartition of the crime Victims time to tell their stories 0 Offender rehabilitated and returned into the community
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