Week 14 & 15 Notes
Week 14 & 15 Notes HIST 150
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica_Kline on Thursday December 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 150 at Ball State University taught by Abel Alves in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see History in the Western World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 12/03/15
HIST 150 Week 14 amp 15 1124 1201 amp 1203 11 Factories began popping up in England they had plenty of iron and coal to be able to run these factories a The first factories were for spinning jennys that were run by steam there was still a need for power looms though so there was not as much need for weavers b There were tons of underemployed laborers in rural areas so they came to cities because there was nearly always a job open in a factory 1 Farmers would be paid better working in the factories than by sharecropping 2 Families had their children work in factories so that they could have enough money to feed themselves c The British economy took off once factories did cotton consumption increased 3X over 20 years iron output doubled in 15 years coal increases by almost 3X in 26 years d Most of the factories in Spain were in the south there were not many in the north France was dealing with too many revolutions to industrialize but Germany was right behind England in industrializing 111 Classic Liberalism took off in Britain as well as industrialization a Classic liberalism was marked by freedom of expression religion speech a representative government and a free market 1 Adam Smith was the perfect example of a liberal at this time saying that the assembly line is the most productive way of producing products he also wrote the first Encyclopedia 2 Romanticism at the time was embodied by Mary Shelley who wanted people in science to think morally and William Blake who thought that the most important people in the Bible were Jesus for rebelling against the harsh God of the Old Testament and Satan for almost getting it right 3 Some novelists such as Dickens wrote things that went against the traditional liberal standard like Oliver Twist Tom Sawyer and A Christmas Carol 4 William Gladstone did not like the British Empire much he was consistent in questioning the federalist system the Queen did not like him very much b Chartists were an aboveground group that wanted better rights for factory workers 1 A charter was the right given to a company to trade 2 They wanted mandatory education for both boys and girls and male suffrage not women 3 They took a hard stand for 10hour workdays and overtime pay and against low wages and child labor c Luddites were a more underground group who didn t like industrialization 1 They did not like that there were literate workers and that artisans were out of their jobs because the factory workers were taking all their work 2 Sometimes this group would smash machines and destroy factory property d Manchester was one of the main industrial hubs in England 1 Not all people liked that it was being industrialized which resulted in stands against working 2 During this stand that was taken the local militia went to break up the problem which ended in people being killed and the army to have to go and take the militia out of the crowd called the Peterloo Massacre e The Six Acts repressed the Chartists they could not publish documents and the leadership as put on trial some of them were sent to the British penal colony which was Australia f Parliament was beginning to intervene in factory policies or lack of policies 1 The Reform Bill of 1832 allowed for twice the amount of men to vote from 16 of the population to 13 and got rid of about 50 seats in Parliament from empty land 2 The Corn Laws repealed the tariffs on grain coming into Britain so that British farmers had a better chance of selling their goods 3 The 10 Hours Bill made sure that factories did not force workers to work more than a ten hour day without giving them overtime pay 4 Every man could vote except domestic servants homeless and sons still living at home NO WOMEN g The Conservative party was more into the traditional body politic view of society 1 Benjamin Disraeli was a romantic novelist who liked the old fashioned jousts he was a Jew but converted to Christianity to do politics the Queen of England liked him h John Stuart and Harriet Taylor were Utilitarian who wanted decisions that infringed on individual property could be made by a majority vote for the bene t of the good and equal opportunity of many 1 Stuart was a philosopher who thought about the de nition of liberty he thought that governments should not own private businesses liked free markets because it infringed on equal opportunity for many 2 David Lloyd George pushed workman s compensation for injuries on the job government sponsored pensions and women s suffrage i All males could vote once they reached age 20 and women could vote at age 30 IV Britain in India a Before the British came to India the Mughal Empire reigned which was Muslim 1 Emperor Akbar allowed Hindus to practice their religion freely 2 Emperor Shah Alam II thought that Hindu was a pagan polytheistic religion and there were religious rebellion when the British came b The British had no problem with the Portuguese who were in India but they got the French out after the Seven Years War French and Indian War in America c India was the Jewel of Britain d The British East India Trading Company EITC hired many Sepoys or Indian mercenaries to work for them 1 The guns that they used had cartridges that were greased with either cow or pig grease these had to be ripped open with the mercenaries mouths 2 The Sepoys were mainly Hindu and Muslim so the greased cartridges caused problems for the Hindus because they could not touch cow grease to their mouths and the Muslims could not touch pig grease to their mouths 3 The Sepoys revolted because of this issue e The Government of India Act declared that 23 of India were under British rule and the other 13 was ruled by raj as or local kings l The sons of the raj as could go to British universities 2 The District Commissioner in India had the job of making sure that the British Crown s wishes were being met in India V British in China a The rst Opium War was between China and Britain 1 The Chinese used opium to get rid of chronic pain for elderly and for other injuries which led to drug problems 2 The British were trading in China and traded opium 900 tons of opium was imported to China illegally 3 Emperor Jiaqing recon rmed that there WAS a ban on opium in China 4 Lin Zexu was an Imperial Commissioner hired to nd people who were in the drug trade b People who were caught selling drugs were under penalty of death c The second Opium War was also between China and Britain and France France 1 Napoleon III was Napoleon l s nephew a He was the president of France after the Revolution of 1848 Les Miserables 1 He tried to unite France but couldn t get through the legislature so he held a plebiscite a yes or no vote males only to have Napoleon III as emperor 2 The majority voted yes so he became emperor b He wanted to be as powerful trade and money and land as Britain so they started colonizing and trading in Algeria Vietnam and China 11 Mexico was colonized by the French a Mexico was a country that was a loose confederation of independent states 1 There was no national army just the sum of the state s individual armies 2 The government couldn t issue taxes except tariffs at the port of Vera Cruz 3 They supported Catholics and the interests of large landholders b Benito Juarez was a Native Indian who started as a shepherd but climbed the ladder to become a lawyer 1 He was a Mexican Liberal who supported the separation of Church and state free market and freedom of speech press etc 2 He banned land that was owned by the community and land owned by the Church and sold it to private businesses and farmers c During the Mexican war for independence they had borrowed lots of money from France so they owned France a huge sum of money when they came to collect l The silver mines were destroyed during the war so Mexico had pretty much no money 2 The French sent troops to Mexico along with an Austrian Hapsburg Prince Maximilian I to be the ruler of Mexico 3 Juarez ghts against the French with his own Mexican troops and win with help from the US 4 Maximilian I was executed and this was Napoleon Ill s rst real loss PrussiaGermany I The FrancoPrussian War was what started the Germans on their upward spiral a Prussia keeps getting more land with their leader Otto von Bismarck 1 He spread lies about other countries including France insulting Napoleon III who in turn declared war on Prussia 2 Prussia wins the war and the next Kaiser was appointed in the French palace 3 France has to pay a huge sum of money to Prussia along with some of the territory bordering Germany which was an area that was rich in coal b Because of the new coal supply industry started rising in Germany and they began creating new and more hightech machines such as maxim guns 1 Their workforce was more educated than most of Britain s workforce providing scholarships for some of the poorer families which caused them to look down on Britain more 2 They had workman s compensation pensions like social security and businesses received grants from the government to do more research and create better products 3 Germany ended up more successful than the British economically c Europeans had been colonizing parts of Africa for years despite all of the 1 At the Congress of Berlin Africa was split up between the countries that had been colonizing 2 Germany England and France got big portions of land while the Portuguese got small pieces to act as buffers between the bigger powers Japan 1 Japan pretty much shut out the world except for the Dutch a Sometimes when American ships were shipwrecked the American sailors would end up in Japan 1 These sailors were treated very badly 2 Matthew Perry went to Japan to discuss the treatment of these American citizens and the way Americans were treated got a lot better b Bakumatsu the unveiling was a call to industrialize Japan because if they didn t adapt to the changing world embracing Western ways it would be very hard for their country to survive c Emperor Meiji was 15 when he took power 1 He had the people pay taxes only to the emperor not to the local nobles 2 He had Japan learn from the most productive powers on the globe US England Germany 3 Japan was able to defeat Russia a European country to gain Korea which gave them a lot of con dence in what they could do 4 Industrialization boomed and other cultures were brought into the country such as the German Imperial Diet to help the emperor nd out what the people wanted clothing styles and baseball