Week 14- Post-Cold War America
Week 14- Post-Cold War America HIST 370
Popular in War in American Society
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin McManus on Friday December 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 370 at George Mason University taught by Zayna Bizri in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see War in American Society in History at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 12/04/15
HIST 370 Notes Week 14 PostCold War America A Collapse of the Soviet Union By the mid1980s the USSR has lost the economic stability to maintain the exertion of force in Eastern Europe and Central Asia for a number of reasons ie ineffectiveunsustainable economic policies muddy involvement in Afghanistan that resulted in the gradual weakening of the Soviet body politic This gradual loss in power was hastened by the administration of Mikhail Gorbachev who implemented various policies ie glasnost perestroika that attempted to transform the Soviet Union s economy from a communist one to a hybrid one still founded on communist ideas but inculcating capitalist ideas into it A number of events that occurred in the late 1980s ie Solidarity Movement in Poland defeat in Afghanistan Helsinki Accords fall of the Berlin Wall that ensured the inevitable collapse of the Soviet Union in due time In 1990 Russia lost six of its satellite republics Lithuania Moldova Estonia Latvia Armenia Georgia and made no effort to stop the loss By Christmas Day in 1991 Gorbachev resigned as head of the USSR and replaced by Boris Yeltsin Russia s rst democratically elected president who was elected in June of that year By the start of 1992 the Soviet Union was no more thus leaving the United States as the sole surviving superpower of the world B Gulf War 19901991 With the Soviet Union dissolved there remained a huge gap in the geopolitical power dynamic that the United States took up rather quickly its first test being the con ict in the Middle East with the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq Saddam Hussein dictator of Iraq at the time of the Gulf War invaded Kuwait for a number of reasons including the presence of oil there as well as asserting that Kuwait was an ethnic property of Iraq representing a sort of geopolitical slam to the United States who had a heated past with Iraq who was an ally of the former Soviet Union and disapproved of the Americanfacilitated peace between Israel and Egypt Contrary to popular memory today the Gulf War was a United Nations coalition effort although it is true that the majority of ground troops who participated in the ground campaign were indeed American The aerial bombardment campaign began in January of 1991 and lasted until the ground invasion of Kuwait by a number of American battalions in February of 1991 the ground campaign lasted for less than 100 hours before an armistice was declared The cultural impact of the Gulf War on American society was significant because it made great progress in deteriorating the perception of war as more harm than good that spawned from American involvement in Vietnam decades earlier o The relatively positive outcome of the war also shined a more positive light on the American military convincing many Americans that What happened in Vietnam was not necessarily the fault of the men and women Who served in the armed forces
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