US HIST: Modern week 3
US HIST: Modern week 3 US History: Modern
Popular in U.S. History: Modern Period
US History: Modern
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madeline Mitchell on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to US History: Modern at Kent State University taught by Dr. Hongshan Li in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see U.S. History: Modern Period in History at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
US History Modern Period Week 3 lecture notes Dr Li Kent State University Tusc The New Immigrants Old Immigrants Irish English Austrians Greeks Bulgarian Mostly from southern and eastern Europe mostly farmers or factory workers mostly poor illiterate Catholic farmers lived in cities because they were too poor to buy farms and it was easier to get factory jobs Few Chinese came to US before 1848 because Chinese was under emporer that didn t allow them to leave Distance tradition and Chinese law prevented them from coming to America More arrived after 1848 200000 by 1880 Most lived in California and they made up 10 of the CA population they wanted gold 0 Made Chinese immigration legal Chinese built western part of and worked in mines farms and factories First AntiImmigrant Laws Discrimination Foreign miners tax 1850s and Chinese business boycott and burning factories Workingmen s Party 1874 Saw Chinese as inferior lazy barbarian and pushed for antiChinese legislation Suspended Chinese laborers for 10 years and banned them from becoming citizens white mobs killed hundreds of Chinese Women amp Children 1 Deprived of voting rights 15th amendment denied women s suffrage and many states adopted antiwomen laws Susan B Anthony went to voting poll in 1870 tried to vote and was arrested in Rochester NY Supreme Court made unanimous ruling in 1875 that women should stick to quotthe noble and benign offices of wife and motherquot Working Women About 20 of women worked outside by 1900 made up 17 of work force mostly made up of immigrants and their daughters and 75 of them were under the age of 25 Women banned from practicing law Worked at simple machine jobs and made about 300 year half of a man s wage Child Labor 10 of girls and 20 of boys aged 1015 worked 1900 Some states had antilabor laws like a minimum age of 12 and maximum of 10 hours but employers ignored the laws and many worked 1216 hours a day 0 High injury and death rates 1 Building first transcontinental railroad 0 Pacific Railway Act 1862 0 Land 10 mile track 400 0 Money 1600048000 each mile 0 Union pacific built from east and central pacific built from west Meet at Ogden Utah on 51069 35000 miles by 1865 0 74000 miles by 1900 Made it faster to travel and transport goods 2 Improving technology and organization 39 Air brakes steel rail powerful engines Integration of RR networks and Vanderbilt controlled NY Central MI South Track gauge 48quot in 1886 signal system time zones in 1883 Economic Impacts Fast affordable transportation Employment for large of workers Higher demands for related products consumed 91 of steel Attracted huge capital for Europe The Rise of New Industries 1 Steel Expensive before 1850 s Inventions increased output since 1860 s 1870 77k tons 1880 139 mil tons RR lasted longer more skyscrapers Better machines tools longer bridges Oil First oil well drilled in Western PA by Edwin Drake in 1859 1873 10 mil barrels 1880 s 20 mil barrels 1890 s 50 mil barrels 3 New products Kerosene gasoline lubricant Development of innercombustion engine Electricity Thomas Edison used carbonized filament 1979 Built first power station 1880 served 85 families 3000 stations built by 1898 Set up factories making bulbs General Electric 1885 139000 bulbs 1900 1000000 bulbs New power source products technology improved economy