Jainism Notes Relg 102 H01
Popular in Introduction world religions
Relg 102 H01
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Religious Studies
Relg 102 001
verified elite notetaker
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Gibson on Friday December 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Relg 102 H01 at West Virginia University taught by Dr. Snow in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Introduction world religions in Religious Studies at West Virginia University.
Reviews for Jainism Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 12/04/15
Danielle Gibson Relg. – Intro to World Religions Dr. Alex Snow Notes 8/26/15 Purusha to Caste System Notes How to get from Vedic system (story of Purusha and belief in everyone’s sacredness) to the Caste System (inequality, mass oppression of women, rape and murder of minorities) o From world view that everyone and everything is divine and Brahman to a world view between 500 BCE and 500 CE. o Usually because of work of oppressors Muni – “silent one” o Select group of men who say they are the only ones who have access to the truth and if you don’t have access to the truth, maybe you will in the next life. Bhagavad Gita – response to the social inequality we see arise. o Politic of equality politic of inequality Bhagavad Gita o Important political text that attacks what it sees as an unequal hierarchal caste system and give people different ways of approaching that. The Upanishads (Stage 2) – all the Vedas and all the stories of all the Gods (330 million gods) Hindu Trinity: (three main male Gods): o Brahma – “creates” creator God; creates everything; took a whole bunch of stuff that already existed and reshaped and reformed it into something new, creates forms and molds from things that already exist. o Vishnu – “preserves” – temporarily preserves or sustains whatever Brahma creates. o Shiva – “destroys” – Whatever Brahma creates and Vishnu preserves, Shiva will eventually destroy. Nothing is destroyed forever, the cycle starts again. Not a finality but a preparation (for Brahma to create again) (Cali is the destroyer goddess, her destruction is incredibly important because if she does not destroy, how can Brahma create) What Shiva destroys Brahma will use to create new, so they will be “born again” No beginning, no end – the trinity o Relationship between the trinity is Dharma – more specifically Dharma mirrors socially what is happening in the Universe. When Purusha created cosmic structure, according to the Vedas, eventually that cosmic structure will be mirror socially. Dharmic equivalency never happened – Caste System. Karma – Action o Not good or bad, just action. The west mistakes this with the threefold law o Cannot associate goodness and badness with Karma o We can understand and think about the connotations of Karma in a good or bad way, we just have to make sure they’re not universal. o All Karma requires you to do is pay attention, be aware that your presence has consequences and effects on the stuff around it According to Vedic and Upanishadic law, that awareness, every single second of your life, of your karmic interconnections to everything around you can actually lead you to be a better person. Hinduism has no set laws, they just want you to always be aware. If you are always aware that your presence has effects on everything around you, that will do two things: Make you a better person Us a better culture If you understand that you are connected, everything and everyone is connected, you couldn’t hate anything, couldn’t make the distinction between you and them. Therefore couldn’t say I hate that person I’M going to kill THEM. Law Code of Manu o Law code rewrites everything. o Says no, karma does have good or bad connotations and your actions will have an effect on your future rebirth. So if you act well, you’ll be born up the caste system and if you act poorly you’ll be born down the caste system. Maya – fundamental illusion all of us suffer from, we experience Atmans because we aren’t capable of experiencing Brahman. Samsara – reincarnation o Cycle of birth, death, rebirth. o When one thinks about Moksha – question should be what am I liberating myself from? Answer early on is Samsara o o Samsara is a never ending cycle unless, Hindu’s believe, one achieves Moksha. o How do you get out of Samsara, where else would I go? Moksha is not the escape from a physical place, samsara is the mental cycle that we all suffer from Samsara is Maya (delusion); mental, emotional delusions Yuga(s) the time scale of Samsara – each Yuga is approximately 24 million years o Dialectic All human minds in all cultures go through this process Thesis – (ideas) concepts we come up with Antithesis – (opposite ideas) as soon as we have a thesis, all concepts are binary, we think about them and eventually come up with the antithesis to this ideas and work with that Synthesis – (combination of thesis and antithesis) In the human brain, we put together the thesis and antithesis. Process Restarts Therefore, “History is doomed to repeat itself” – Hagel No progression, not getting better, nicer, or smarter. Repeating same mistakes over and over Hagel, unlike Hindus, does not believe we can escape this According to Hinduism, this is Samsara Hinduism is going to argue that it’s not the answers that are the problems it’s the search. Cause we’re already Brahman (the truth, the answer), but we’re asking the wrong questions The Upanishads are a series of texts mutually based on a group of men called munis who renounce everything in normal society. They always leave the city, society, & structure, go out into the woods, stop speaking and begin to try to experience the one (The Buddha was traditionally known as Shakyamuni (shakya was the name of his clan, muni meant the sage) Brhadaranyaka Upanisad – “Great Forest Teaching” o “So we are said to be what our desire is. As our desire is, so is our will. As our will is, so is our acts. As we act, so we become.” o Upanishads are nonprofessional, nonacademic, nonsocial o Upanishads are asking very hard questions about “what I am” o Vajasaneya Yajnavalkya Principal Provider of most forest teachings (Probably not a real person, probably mythical) Isa Upanisad – “Pervaded by the Lord” o “See all beings in our own self and your own self in all beings” Shantideva’s Way of the Bodhisattva o “I renounce my own Nirvanic experience until I can pull all beings with me so that I do not have this Nirvanic experience alone.” There is no self to experience Nirvana instead vow to help other people understand what their problem is Self (Atman) / Person (Purusa) “I am” Tat tvam asi – “you are that” o Father and son talking about Vedas and Upanishads, the son is 6 or 7 years old and has been studying a few years, father is most likely a Brahman priest, and they go fishing one day. The son wants to impress upon his father what he’s learned so thinking through the Vedas, he says “I am that tree over there. Me and that tree are interdependent and interconnected from Purusha’s cosmic sacrifice.” He repeats this with a number of objects, looking for his father’s approval. He thinks his dad is gonna praise him, say you’re studying hard I get it good job, but his father says in response to all his statements “Neti Neti” (“Not this, not that”) o The kids confused, comes back the next day and says I don’t understand. The dad says okay go out to that tree and bring me a fruit, although the kid thinks the dad is crazy he goes and gets the fruit for him. The dad says to rip the fruit apart and the kid does and finds a seed, presenting it to his dad. The dad says no rip the seed apart, the son pries apart the seed and says there’s nothing here dad and the father says to him “Tat Tvam Asi” Kids really confused now because his father told him he wasn’t this and wasn’t that but to do all this and he’s that. Father says yes. Then put a pinch of salt in a glass of water and come back tomorrow. Kid thinks dad is crazy but does it. Father says show me the salt but kid says it’s gone, and father says you are that If I want to understand what I am I can try to understand one of two things: o “Tat Tvam Asi” – because there is no you there is no that o “Neti, neti” Cannot be this, cannot be that o There is no nouns in Hinduism, no permanent independent thing. English is full of nouns, just the opposite. “I am the food of life, and I am the who eats the food of life; I am the two in One. I am the food which eats the eater of food.” – Taiittiriya Upanisad o According to Ancient Hinduism – you eat til you die then something eats you. It’s not good or bad, it’s the way the world works. It’s the Dharma, the way energy is transferred o Any distinction between plants and animals is Maya (vegans and vegetarians) Ironic because most Hindus are vegans or vegetarians Anything can be a source of food because one day we will be a source of food Name (nama) & form (rupa) o Namarupa – every second of our existence recognize the Karmic process we’re taking part in, the forms we’re experiencing and the names we’re giving to those forms. o Hinduism asks two questions: When you see something What is this form? Really? Why do we call them what we do? o What forms do we experience? What is the relationship between the forms we experience and the names we attribute to them? Are those names really as productive and helpful as we imagine? Or is it the names that we give to forms that cause us to live in a worldview of independence? The relationship between names and forms, the things that we experience in life, and the names, ideas, and concepts we give to those experiences become Samsara o We’re stuck in an infinite cycle in which we create our own misery o We also have the ability to get out of that, we don’t wait for anyone to do it for us We escape it by realizing our relationship to Yuga(s) – time scales Society/humanity – at 12 everything is good and as we go down toward 6 o’clock things get crappier and crappier (war, misunderstanding, death, rape, destruction) then from 6 back up to noon everything gets better, then the cycle repeats. 2015 – We’re in the Kali Yuga, which is the worst Yuga, and we just started this Yuga. each Yuga lasts 42 million years. Fear not it will get better, then it will get worse. Are we doomed to repeat this process over and over and over again or lastly is this entire things (Samsara, The Yuga(s) ) Maya, an illusion? Depending on how you answer will set up two different types of social structure: Not an illusion/ Real: Law code of Manu, caste system, hierarchy, Quantitative Karma, doing good and bad, etc… Maya/Illusion – Bhagavad Gita, not worrying about it
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'