Military in the Bronze Age
Military in the Bronze Age HST 100
Popular in Global History to 1500
Popular in Liberal Arts
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Romero on Friday January 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HST 100 at Arizona State University taught by Charlotte Cartwright in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Global History to 1500 in Liberal Arts at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 01/30/15
January 2 7 Military in the Bronze Age Weapons 0 Spears 0 Spearheads o Harpoons 0 Axes later on Weapons as decoration are trendy as well 0 Golden dagger 0 Copper spearhead 0 Golden helmet Chariots are pulled by donkeys 0 One work of art depicts donkeys trampling people I Also shows a group of people being conquered I One larger authority figure negotiating Egyptian model depicts two groups of soldiers one with arrows and spearheads o No armor seen 0 White caps worn 0 Personal insignia seen on shields Composite bow is introduced 0 Composed of animal bone and wood Hyksos take over the Sumerians More modern chariots are brought in o Lighter thinner have spokes in wheels Everyone builds chariots o Seen as a symbol of power 0 Myceneans have chariots despite the mountainous terrain rendering the tool useless Myceneans have first armor with leather cap and boar tusk decoration January 2 7 Military in the Bronze Age 0 Finds made during this period were generally found in tombs 0 People buried with things were of high status they were able to furnish the grave due to more money 0 One of the most famous objects found in a tomb The Standard of Ur War 0 Found in a highly furnished grave o Depicts three rows of a war setting with a lapis lazuli background I Indicates that it took time to make and was very expensive 0 Bulky chariots being pulled by donkeys in top row donkeys are trampling the opponent in the bottom row I Chariot wheels are wooden and have no spokes or rims held together by bronze 0 Top row shows are larger differently dressed authority figure possibly a king speaking to ununiformed people 0 People appear to be being rounded up in the middle register 0 Notable Small person next to donkeys in top row possibly a child 0 People have on leather helmets 0 Another find revealed bronze tools spearheads and a harpoon used for hooking onto other shields etc o Lavish weapons found in graves not to actually use in battle but to show wealth and power 0 Copper spearheads amp gold dagger with lapis lazuli handle 0 Golden helmet of King Meskalamdug 0 Actually worn by king holes in helmet indicate use not show but not in actual battle more as a symbol of power Egyptian Army 0 2 models come from Middle Kingdom show an infantry foot soldiers one carrying spears the other with bows o Nubian archers o Archers are carrying shields with personal insignia on it to show personal identity 0 No armor worn o Sequenenre Tao One of the Pharaohs assassinated after taking the kingdom back from Hyksos o Severely assassinated and was decomposing before his body was found had to be quickly embalmed I Proof of axes during the time period one of the weapons used in the assassination was found in his wife and son s tombs Ahhotep amp Ahmoel Invasion of the Hyksos 0 Composite bow is brought in by the Hyksos invading Egypt 0 Composed of animal bone and wood 0 Chariots are modified become more lightweight have spokes 0 When the Mitanni come from Asia they bring horses and new chariots January 2 7 o Mitanni come invade with these new modern chariots o Chariots become a new sign of power and status and are seen everywhere even in the rocky and mountainous Mycenae where they would be useless Mycenaeans 0 Evidence of armor being used comes from Mycenaean city states 0 Dendra Ponopoly Huge bronze plates of armor found along with a leather helmet with boar tusk accents Found in a tomb 0 Different type of armor seen due to different type of combat they re engaging in