Week 10 Notes: Lecture 18
Week 10 Notes: Lecture 18 ARH 209
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Notetaker on Friday December 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 209 at University of Oregon taught by Walley A in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Hist of Japanese Art >1 >IC in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 12/04/15
ARH209 History ofJapanese Art Lecture 18 December 1 2015 Ava ntGarde Movements of the 19505705 Postwar Period Cultural Changes Art became a reduction of artist intervention and artists were more concerned with the materials above all else Questioning what is and isn t considered art and the authority of art institutions Art was very wellreceived by western figures Japan was concerned with reestablishing itself as a significant independent nation in the world Japan in the Mid20th Century 1945 Japan s defeat in WWI 1951 San Francisco Treaty Security Treaty between US and Japan 19451952 Japan under the control of GHQSCAP General Headquarters of Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers 1949 6364 Yomiuri Independant 1954 Gutai Movement until 1972 1957 Michel Tapie 190187 visits Japan with Georges Mathieu and Imai Toshimitsu 1962 quotExhibition Standards for Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum brought up controversy between creating a safe environment vs limiting artistic freedom No work that creates unpleasant or loud noise No work that uses materials such as knives that may cause danger to the viewers No work that causes extreme discomfort for the viewers and may violate public health code No work that uses materials such as sand or grabbles that may damage the floors of the exhibition halls No work that needs to be hung from the ceiling 1964 Tokyo Olympics publicized to the world as Japan s postwar revival 1968 Monoha early 705 1970 Osaka Expo Japan During AsiaPacific War Military Deaths 2300000 4000 died in kamikaze suicide missions Civilian Deaths 800000 200000 in Hiroshima 70000 in Nagasaki Japan was ready to fight to the death as an entire nation in order to win the war before the bombing Tokyo Trial immediately after defeat emperor tried some Japanese officials for war crimes Gutai Art Movement Officially called quotGutai Art Association Originated in Osaka from 19541972 Manifesto quotDo something no one else does Yoshiwara Jiro 19051972 Yoshiwara was in charge of a company that sold art supplies and opened up a studio Gutai generally focused on matter unaltered and in its natural form Red Logs Please Come In Created by Shiraga Kasuo one of the chief artists in the Gutai Art Association Several logs stood up in a teepee formation partially chiseled away and painted red was partially a performance piece in that the logs made lines in the dirt upon construction now it is an instillation piece Entrance By Murakami Saburo A series of large wooden frames covered in paper Murakami runs through the frames tearing up the paper Performance piece that produced gallery pieces Electric Dress Art 505705 Exam Slides pg 2 Tanaka Atsuko was one of the only female artists involved in the Gutai Art Association and one of the most successful A series of dresses made out of brightly painted lightbulbs Tanaka performed the piece by wearing it out on stage which had the potential to electrocute her Signifies gender roles nforme and PostInformel Art Brought over from France by Michel Tapie an artist collector and curator who also spread Japanese art to other countries in 1957 nvolved abstraction in both artistic content and the methods used to create art 19611 Art 505705 Exam Slides pg 3 Shimamoto Shozo wanted to create paintings without a brush so he created this by bottling ink in glass jars and throwing them onto the canvas Red Circle on Black Example of a typical later work by Yoshiwara Jiro Minimal calligraphiclike circle on a blank background Very large canvas means it could not have been painted with one stroke juxtaposing the ideas of meditation and spirituality which drawing circles would normally represent Boxing Painting Art 505705 Exam Slides pg 4 Shinohara Ushio used boxing gloves to punch colors onto the canvas Questions the idea of what is or isn t considered art since the imagery is clearly not representative of anything and his pieces focus on action rather than the painted product Morphology of Revenge Carefully Examine One s Opponent Before a Kill Art 505705 Exam Slides pg 5 nspired by the quotcleansing of the city which involved workers dressing up in lab coats and cleaning Tokyo s exterior spaces before the Tokyo Olympics Originaly created as a painting but then it was printed as an imitation of yen OneThousandYenNote Trial Impounded Objects Various objects were wrapped in the OneThousandYenNotes which were later seized by the government Akasegawa Genpei was arrested for counterfeiting although he was not charged for direct counterfeit he was charged on the grounds that his OneThousandYenNotes were quotconfusingquot Monoha Art Movement Movement that originated in the late 60 nvolved moving natural materials from their original spaces or positions ideas of relationships between the artist and materials and between the art objects themselves Mother Earth IsoDaichi Art 505705 Exam Slides pg 6 Monoha work by Sekine Nobuo Sekine dug a perfect cylindrical hole then took the dirt and built up a perfect cylinder right next to it Relatum Monoha work By Lee Ufan A heavy stone placed on glass making it shatter beneath it Represents the tension in the relationship between the artist and the materials the idea that this kind of work must appear natural but also just premeditated enough that it appears intentional Photos of these pieces have been posted in the Exam Slides on Canvas
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