Lesson 32: World War II (Part II)
Lesson 32: World War II (Part II) Hist 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Saturday December 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 12/05/15
Lesson 32: World War II (Part II) Operation Barbossa (and the Battle of Stalingrad) o Hitler believed this campaign would only lastabout 10 weeks. o Germans officiallyinvolves itselfin a two front war. Quick decisive campaign. o Launched June 22, 1942. Stalin was rather stunned by Hitler’s response and invasion. Stalin sinks into a period of depression and despair. o Germany seizes millions of miles of Soviet territory. About 5 million Russiansoldiers were killed. o Germany Captured Stalin’s son in the war. Used him as an attempt to bargain with Russia. General Winter (1941) o Reallysevere,sets in quickly extremely cold and brash. o Huge impact on the German offensive. o High casualties among the German soldiers. Inadequate uniforms for winter. Condulation of the Arms o Lots of soldiers got “Ass frostbite” (**literallythe words used by my professor...) o Troops had bad cases of dysentery. o High casualties. Battle of Stalingrad= Turning point of the war for Germany. o German forces gain territory all the way to Stalingrad. o ~1.5 million casualties. o 1942: Stalingrad famous for the making of the tractor. o Stalingrad was a gateway for one major resource: oil. Becomes of major interest to Germany. City was of symbolic importance. o Goes on from August 1942-February 1943. Example of “Total War” due to major casualties and across-the-board involvement of both countries and civilians. o Endless series ofsmall and deadly street battles. “War of Rats” (aka:Rattenkrieg) o January 1943: General Paulus decides to surrender to Germany. Bad case of dysentery. Developed a nervous tick. At the end of the war the rest of the German soldiers in the Soviet POW camps were released. o ~5,000 men survived fromthe original 500,000. o People begin to rebel against Hitler. “Hitler is the murderer of Stalingrad” The beginning of the end. War on the eastern front: o Stalin puts pressure on the U.S. and Britain to get involved on a second front to defeat the German Army and quash the war. Operation Overload (June 1944) o Code name for Western Europe. o Joint operation of U.S., Britain, and Canadian Forces againstGermany. o Dwight D. Eisenhower Commander in Chief of the forces. o “Amphibious Operation” Both by land and water. th June 6 , 1944 (D-DAY) o Invasion force of 5,000 ships and 500,000 men. o Landed on the Beaches of Normandy in Northwest France. One of the most heavily guarded beaches. ~10,000 casualties and wounded. ~3,000 killed. ~3,000 French civilians were killed. o Overwhelming Air Superiority by the Allied Powers. Helped keep the operation successful. o Troops begin building artificial harbors. o ~2,000,000 men landed in France. ~500,000 vehicles. o British, French, and Canadian Forces begin to drive towards Paris. Paris liberated in August 1944. Many believed that the war would be over by Christmas of 1944. o Drags out until May 1945. Hitler sees WWII as a battle of races. o Germany would perish if Germany loses. o Believed that Germany would be destroyed. o Orders destruction of resources. January- May 1945 o U.S. and British carried out ~160,000 bombing missions against targets in Germany. Between 750,000 and 1,000,000 deaths. Soviets begin to take revenge on Germany. o Calls on soldiers in the Red Army to target German civilians. Looting, destruction of property, and rape. o 8.5 million Germans begin to flee westward to escape the Red Army. Total casualties inEurope (1939-1945) come to around 37million killed. o ~17 million on the battlefield. o ~20 million civilians. o Soviet casualties: ~18-25 million.