Lesson 33: The Holocaust
Lesson 33: The Holocaust Hist 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Saturday December 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 12/05/15
Lesson 33: The Holocaust “Final Solution of the Jewish Question” Anti-Semitism: became official state policy of the Nazi Party. o Nazis begin to promote the purge of Jews in textbooks, children’s book, and other types of propaganda around 1933. Racial Legislation: o Segregated, impoverished and made life difficult for Jews in Germany. o Jews forbidden to go to the theatre, own pets, use public transportation or go to public parks. Nuremburg Laws (1935) o Stripped Jews of citizenship. o Jews become “Subjects of the German State”. o Illegal for Jews and Germans to marry or have sexual contact. o Party organizes informal boycotts of Jewish businesses. o Many Jews left Germany around 1938. o Many Jews who wanted to emigrate fromGermany but were having trouble establishing citizenship. Evian Conference (July 1938) o 32 nations to discuss Jewish refugee crisis. o Started by Franklin D. Roosevelt. o “The Jewish Question” o No one was willing to accept Jews into their countries. Organized State Violence Towards Jews o Kristallnacht: “Night of Broken Glass” Nazis targeted Jewish businesses owned by Jews. Synagogues Seized Jews Development of the Holocaust o 1) Invasion of Poland and Soviet Union o 2) Germany now controls gross number of Jewish population. Step 1: Einsatzgruppen (1941-1942) o Followed German army into the Soviet Union. o Were to round up and occupy territories. (Men, women, and children would be executed.) o Special squads of the S.S. Responsible for 1-2 million deaths of Jewish men, women, and children. o Would use mobile vans to gas their victims for mass execution. Step 2: Nazis hold meetings to organize the extinction of the Jews. o Wanesee Conference (1942) Many state officials were present. Logistics of the Final Solution. o The Final Solution How to organize the operation to wipe out the Jewish population. Who would get primary responsibility? Heinrich Himmler and the S.S. o Given broad powers over a network of prison and labor camps. o January 1942 Will createa network of labor, concentration, and death camps. By 1942 about 19 concentration and death camps existed. Many located in Poland. Auschwitz: Most lethal Nazi death camp. Used this camp to produces German weapons. Largest extermination camp. By the end of the war: o 6 million Jews had been killed. 2/3 of the previous Jewish population in Europe.