Week 14 Notes- Intro to Comp Politics
Week 14 Notes- Intro to Comp Politics PSCI 2012-100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Mortimer on Saturday December 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 2012-100 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Dr. Andy Baker in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Intro to Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of Colorado at Boulder.
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Date Created: 12/05/15
Monday November 30 2015 Intro to Comp Politics Week 14 Politics and Gender I Definitions A Gender the way in which society interprets sex differences 1 Gender differs from other forms of identity because it is crosscutting people of different genders live together not separated like some ethnic groups II Forms of Gender Inequality and Discrimination A Politics 1 Suffrage rights a Women can legally vote universally in democratic countries 2 Political representation a 22 of parliamentary seats are held by women around the world b Descriptive representation the idea that leaders should not only promote the substantive interests of their constituents but also look like them it s important to have women in leadership positions 3 Culture and opinions a Prejudice that men make better political leaders than women do still held by some people around the world B Economics 1 Inequality of assets a Education girls less likely to go to school in middlelower income countries b Land ownership land usually passed down between father and son not daughters 2 Inequality of income a Laborforce participation still a gap even in wealthy countries b Gender wage gap Monday November 30 2015 c Pinkcollar jobs female dominated fields don t pay as well as male dominated fields d Hiring women seen as less reliable will probably have to sacrifice work for children e Informal sector more women in the informal sector than men don t get the benefits that come along with having a job in the formal sector 3 Nonmarket activities the double shift a cooking cleaning childcare extra duties that women face on top of a job C Health Excess female mortality 1 Son preference and missing women a China India Bangladesh Pakistan b Childhood neglect not feeding girls as much as boys etc c Before birth sexselective abortions 2 Reproductive years maternal mortality a high chances of dying of childbirth in low income countries 115 chance D Violence 1 Political violence men gt women 2 Criminal violence a Physical assaulthomicide men gt women b Domesticsexual violence women gt men Hi What Explains Variation in Gender Inequality A Economic development 1 Modernization makes people more supportive of gender equality 2 Girls more likely to be educated in modernized countries B Secularism 1 More secular countries are less likely to have gender inequality C Social movements Monday November 30 2015 1 Activists changing policy feminist movements IV What Are the Consequences of Gender Inequality A Discrimination as a market distortion 1 Gender inequality is bad for economics underutilizing women as workers B Women as agents of development 1 Empowering women is more important for economic development than empowering men C Women are better decision makers 1 Female politicians less likely to be corrupt more likely to promote social spending over defense spending women less frivolous with money
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