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Week 14 of Philosophy Notes

by: William Bartek

Week 14 of Philosophy Notes PHIL 1000 - 01

William Bartek
General Introduction to Philosophy
Matthew McGrath

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About this Document

This is week 14 of notes in Philosophy 1000 covering free will, determinism, and Chisolm's views on these topics
General Introduction to Philosophy
Matthew McGrath
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Saturday December 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Matthew McGrath in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see General Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 12/05/15
Philosophy 1000 Free Will amp Moral Responsibility 0 We blame someone when we hold them responsible for something 0 Free Will Hypothesis You re responsible for what you did just in case you did it of your own free will 0 You could have done otherwise requirement You did something of your free will only if you could have done otherwise Argument 1 People are responsible for an action only if they did it of their own free will 2 You do something of your own free will only when you could have done otherwise 3 So whenever a person is responsible for an action they could have done otherwise 0 Determinism the way the universe is at any one time together with the laws of nature logically entails everything that happens later 0 Laws of Nature propositions discovered by science stating how the universe will unfold given input conditions Determinism Argument 0 Suppose you raised your hand at 9am today 1 By determinism the universe at the time plus laws of nature logically entails you raised your hand at 9am today 2 You could have done otherwise at 9am only if you could have made the past or laws of nature different 3 But you couldn t change the past or laws of nature 4 So you couldn t have done otherwise than raise your hand at 9am Worries o Determinism implies we lack free will and so lack moral responsibility for our actions What if Determinism is False 0 Suppose the laws of nature are indeterministic they assign only probabilities as to what will happen 0 Then everything you do seems like a chance occurrence 0 But then you didn t do it of your own free will Argument Against Free Will 1 If determinism is true no one does anything of their own free will 2 If indeterminism is true no one does anything of their own free will 3 Either determinism or indeterminism is true 4 So no one does anything of their own free will 0 But then no one is blameworthy Positions on Free Will Compatibilist Think that free will is compatible with determinism o Incompatibilists Think that free will is incompatible with determinism o Libertarian Incompatibilist who thinks we have free will 0 Hard Determinist Incompatibilist who thinks determinism is true Chisolm Human Freedom and the Self o Chisolm does three things 0 Outlines the argument against free will 0 Argues that one common compatibilist response fails o Presents his favored reply 0 Standard Compatibilist Reply Grant that responsibility leads to freedom which leads to the ability to do otherwise Conditional Account 0 You can do otherwise if and only if were you to have chosen to do otherwise you would have done otherwise 0 Chisolm s coffee objection 0 You drink coffee but you could ve drank tea 0 The fact that if you had chosen to drink it you would have drank tea doesn t show that you could have drank tea a You could have done otherwise b If you chose to do otherwise you would have done otherwise 0 b can be true while a is false they aren t equivalent Chisolm s View o A free and responsible action is one caused by the person but not any event 0 Both determinism and indeterminism are false 0 Some event in the brain is caused directly by the agent Worries 0 Doesn t agent causation reduce to event causation o Isn t this view empirically problematic


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