Week 14 of Philosophy Notes
Week 14 of Philosophy Notes PHIL 1000 - 01
Popular in General Introduction to Philosophy
Popular in PHIL-Philosophy
PHIL 1000 - 01
verified elite notetaker
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Saturday December 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Matthew McGrath in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see General Introduction to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Missouri - Columbia.
Reviews for Week 14 of Philosophy Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 12/05/15
Philosophy 1000 Free Will amp Moral Responsibility 0 We blame someone when we hold them responsible for something 0 Free Will Hypothesis You re responsible for what you did just in case you did it of your own free will 0 You could have done otherwise requirement You did something of your free will only if you could have done otherwise Argument 1 People are responsible for an action only if they did it of their own free will 2 You do something of your own free will only when you could have done otherwise 3 So whenever a person is responsible for an action they could have done otherwise 0 Determinism the way the universe is at any one time together with the laws of nature logically entails everything that happens later 0 Laws of Nature propositions discovered by science stating how the universe will unfold given input conditions Determinism Argument 0 Suppose you raised your hand at 9am today 1 By determinism the universe at the time plus laws of nature logically entails you raised your hand at 9am today 2 You could have done otherwise at 9am only if you could have made the past or laws of nature different 3 But you couldn t change the past or laws of nature 4 So you couldn t have done otherwise than raise your hand at 9am Worries o Determinism implies we lack free will and so lack moral responsibility for our actions What if Determinism is False 0 Suppose the laws of nature are indeterministic they assign only probabilities as to what will happen 0 Then everything you do seems like a chance occurrence 0 But then you didn t do it of your own free will Argument Against Free Will 1 If determinism is true no one does anything of their own free will 2 If indeterminism is true no one does anything of their own free will 3 Either determinism or indeterminism is true 4 So no one does anything of their own free will 0 But then no one is blameworthy Positions on Free Will Compatibilist Think that free will is compatible with determinism o Incompatibilists Think that free will is incompatible with determinism o Libertarian Incompatibilist who thinks we have free will 0 Hard Determinist Incompatibilist who thinks determinism is true Chisolm Human Freedom and the Self o Chisolm does three things 0 Outlines the argument against free will 0 Argues that one common compatibilist response fails o Presents his favored reply 0 Standard Compatibilist Reply Grant that responsibility leads to freedom which leads to the ability to do otherwise Conditional Account 0 You can do otherwise if and only if were you to have chosen to do otherwise you would have done otherwise 0 Chisolm s coffee objection 0 You drink coffee but you could ve drank tea 0 The fact that if you had chosen to drink it you would have drank tea doesn t show that you could have drank tea a You could have done otherwise b If you chose to do otherwise you would have done otherwise 0 b can be true while a is false they aren t equivalent Chisolm s View o A free and responsible action is one caused by the person but not any event 0 Both determinism and indeterminism are false 0 Some event in the brain is caused directly by the agent Worries 0 Doesn t agent causation reduce to event causation o Isn t this view empirically problematic
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'