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by: Cierra Beyers

Tissues ANAT-A215

Marketplace > Anatomy > ANAT-A215 > Tissues
Cierra Beyers
GPA 4.05
Basic Human Anatomy
Steve Dougherty

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About this Document

This follows the outline for the lecture covering tissues. It should be really helpful!
Basic Human Anatomy
Steve Dougherty
One Day of Notes
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This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Cierra Beyers on Friday January 30, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to ANAT-A215 at a university taught by Steve Dougherty in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 223 views.


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Date Created: 01/30/15
TISSUES CLASSIFICATION OF TISSUES Histology microscopic study of tissues 4 kinds epithelia connective muscle and nervous EPITHELIA Characteristics of Epithelia covers body organs surfaces lines body cavities and forms glands does the secreting Very cellular Has a free surface apical surface no other cells in contact Bound to underlying tissue by a basement membrane connects tissue to what is below Avascular doesn t contain any blood vessels Classified by layers Simple Epithelium one layer thick Stratified Epithelium Many layers thick Classified by cell shape Sguamou attened cells Cuboidal cube shaped cells Columnar rectangular shaped cells taller than they are wide TYPES OF SIMPLE EPITHELIA Simple Squamous Epithelium One layer of attened cells Location lines lumen cavity of blood vessels capillaries tiny air sacs of lungs covers organs and lines body cavities Function rapid diffusion and filtration Simple Cuboidal Epithelium One layer of cubeshaped cells Location lines ducts and tubules salivary glands and kidneys Function secretion modifies and absorption Simple Columnar Epithelium One layer of tall rectangularshaped cells May have microvilli goblet mucus making cells or cilia Location lines most of GI gastrointestinal tract Function secretion and absorption Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium One layer of columnar or irregularly shaped tall and short cells Some kinds have cilia pseudostratified CILIATED columnar epithelium and goblet cells Location lines trachea and bronchi Function protection prevents dirt and mucus away from lungs and to our mouth and secretion TYPES OF STRATIFIED EPITHELIA Stratified Squamous Epithelium upper layers of cells are attened lower layers appear cuboidal Deepest layers highly mitotic Keratinized contains keratin superficial layers consist of dead cells 0 Location epidermis skin 0 Function protection creates barrier Nonkeratinized superficial cells are alive and kept moist 0 Location oral cavity pharynx vagina and the lower part of the anal canal 0 Function protection barrier Transition Epithelium some cells are binucleated Surface cells may be domeshaped or attened Cells are dome shaped when bladder is empty When it is full the domes have pressure and atten out Location Found in most of the urinary tract Function Withstands distention stretching and relaxing GLANDULAR EPITHELIA Specialized epithelial tissues that have excretory functions They have simple cuboidal cells Exocrine Glands formed from epithelial tissues they secrete their materials onto a free surface Unicellular Goblet cells 0 Location Respiratory and digestive systems 0 Function secretes mucus Multicellular secretes materials through a duct to a free surface 0 Merocrine glands secretes a watery uid through the cell membrane I Sweat glands and skin and salivary glands o Apocrine glands top part of the cell is pinched off it becomes the secretion I Mammary glands o Holocrine glands entire cell is release and it ruptures and dies I Sebaceous oil glands Which of the following epithelial tissues allows for rapid filtration and diffusion Simple squamous


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