Chapter 13 80486 - PSYC 2010 - 003
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80486 - PSYC 2010 - 003
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexa Rosenfeld on Sunday December 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 80486 - PSYC 2010 - 003 at Clemson University taught by Edwin G Brainerd in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 12/06/15
Chapter 13 Social Behavior Forming Impressions of Others Explaining Behavior Liking and Loving Making Social Judgements Conformity and Obedience and Behavior in Groups Forming Impressions of Others 0 Definition of Social Psychology 0 Social psychology looks at the human behavior when other people are around 0 Do other people in uence our behavior 0 Your behavior changes with the people that you are around I Personal Perception O Perception of other people It is greatly in uenced by the physical appearance of the other person Powerful in uence we are all in uenced by the physical attractiveness of the people we interact with Being physically attractive gets you a better break in our society from the time they are infants until the time that they die Pretty babies get treated differently than unattractive babies 0 Get picked up talked to much more To find out about a societies culture look at the fairy tales they are intended to teach the children a lesson 0 Pretty is good and good is pretty 0 Bad guys are always unattractive College parties 0 Psychology department invited all of the freshman to attend I Free drinks bands 7ll30 I One catch assigned a date at the door and were asked to stay with that person for the duration of the party I Most showed up and had a good timetried to match people by height I An hour before it was over the lights came on and the psychologists brought out a rate your date questionnaire with important things on it including physical attractiveness and if you want to date this person again I The only correlation with if they wanted to date again was physical attractiveness Height is an attractiveness for men Men tend to be a lot more satisfied with their physical attractiveness than women 0 Asked to rate their level of physical attractiveness on a 7 point scale 0 40 men said a gt5 and the rest said higher 0 Guys really have to think about this where women think about it all of the time Men rating other menl fair in ratings 0 Men rating womenl pretty fair in ratings 0 0 Women rating women absolute murder 15 points lower than what males rate 0 Women rating men pretty fair in ratings I Cognitive Schemas O O O Involve expectations clusters of knowledge and organized ideas we have about things in our world I Good party20 25 people good music refreshments couple of wild and crazy people I Professors knowledgeable stuffy scary Play a major role in our perception of other people Human brain wants to categorize people I Stereotypes O O O O Widely held cognitive schemas Hurtful and harmful Can actually be helpful sometimes I International students work extra hard I Italiansromantic The problem is that they cannot be applied to everybody and we often try to apply one to everybody I Old people are bad driversthere are a number of old drivers that are not like this I Very often misleading Can lead to prejudice in certain groups Explaining Behavior I Attributions O O O O O Inferences that you draw about why events happen The reason that you use to explain an event Can have a major role on your selfesteem and depression I Certain combinations of attributions can be harmful and could cause depression I Constantly making internal attributions stable attributions and global attributions The type of attributions you make can even have a major effect on whether you become depressed or not if you can get through difficult situations coping Inferences about the causes of behavior I Foreclosed house I Can make a number of attributions about this I There was something about the person or the persons behavior that caused the problem I Some internal characteristic within a person that causes a behavior I Could be yourself the person next to you 0 they are lazy I am lazy 0 Being bad with money I An attribution that you make outside of the person I Something outside of the person has caused something to happen I Foreclosed house is because of the economy I On a snowy walk you fall and said that it was Clemson s grounds crew fault and it should have been cleared 0 External climate Another type of attribution O O O Unstable or atypical attribution I An uncommon behavior for a person I Not something that occurs very often Stable attribution I Common and typical behavior I Something that happens all of the time Global attribution I It doesn t matter where you are your behavior will always happen Situational attribution I Limiting the behavior due to certain circumstances Fundamental Attribution Error 0 O O 0 Something that we all do Very kind to ourselves when we make attributions about our own behavior and are very mean to other people when we make attributions about their behavior particularly if it is something bad When we are judging ourselves we tend to make external attributions If something bad happens to you generally we make an external attribution it s not me it s because of Other half I When something bad happens to somebody else we make an internal attribution This is a good thing it allows us to prevent feeling bad about ourselves Selfserving bias 0 O 0 Can make us feel better about ourselves When you succeed you make internal attributions and make yourself feel good about what you did When bad things happen we make external attributions to protect ourselves Defensive attribution 0 When random events happen and they effect somebody else I Ex rape mugging tomados 0 Scary to everybody 0 Blame the victim when you hear about it I Ex they shouldn t have been out that late at night she shouldn t have been dressed that way 0 Protects us from things that scare us Liking and Loving Key Factors in Attraction Conformity and Obedience I Conformity and obedience O Conformity going along with the group yielding with social pressure to avoid making a scene or getting in an argument 0 Study I Solomon Asch did one of the first studies seeing on how many people would follow a group no matter what it is I Had 6 individuals that worked for him and there was only one person that didn t know what was going on I The 6 people will give a wrong predetermined answer and then with the other person will they just go along with the wrong answer I At first the last one thinks they are crazy for saying the answer until most of the subjects say that it is the wrong answer the shock starts to go away and starts believing the wrong answer is the right answer I 37 of the real subjects conformed to the pressure from the group O Conformity in daily life I We conform to outerwear 0 Obedience stronger and more dangerous than conformity obeying someone that has authority over you I Stanley Milgram did a study on obedience I Wanted to do this study because of the Holocaust and the Nuremburg Trials 0 People were not monsters they were just following orders 0 Milgram was horrified by this response maybe it was the German culture that inclines them to do such horrible things I Strapped people learner into a chair by the teacher and the experimenter with symbols of authority on the coats They had a realistic shock device and when the learner gets a question wrong the shock switch goes up to the next level of shock but the shocks aren t real 0 How high will the teacher go we aren t like the Germans 0 Experimenter makes them continue even with them screaming from the fake shocks 0 Americans won t hurt anybody 65 of the people gave all of the shocks I We have a natural obedience to follow authority figures
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