Religion.pdf ANT 105 - 002
Popular in Introduction to Anthropology
ANT 105 - 002
verified elite notetaker
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ayla Sherrill on Sunday December 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 105 - 002 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Carolyn A Robinson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
Reviews for Religion.pdf
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 12/06/15
What is religion 0 O Belief and ritual concerned with supernatural beings powers and forces I Bodies of people who gather together regularly for worship I Religious effervescence o Effervescent social state in which people are ecstatic about religion Religion anthropologists study social phenomenon as well as meanings of doctrines settings acts and events I Associated with social divisions I Religion exists in all human societies 0 Why Religion as a Cultural Adaptation I Psychologicallyadaptive o Reduces peoples anxieties and fears in the present and in times of the unknown I Politically and economically adaptive 0 Social order 0 Economic success Analytical Characteristics I Ritual I Specialists I Writings I Other levels of existence I Ethics codes and sanctions I Sacred and profane Analytical types I Monotheism one god I PolytheismOlympian multiple gods I Communal Intense community spirit solidarity shared liminality I Shamanic have religious practinioners who meditate and have a belief in the supernatural mainly in hunter gatherer societies Animism natural objects natural phenomena and the universe all possess individual souls I Edward Tylor Mana and Taboo I Mana a supernatural impersonal force that inhabits certain objects of people and is believed to confer success andor strength 0 Belief in immanent supernatural domain or life force potentially subject to human manipulation o Polynesian mana and related concept of taboo are related to the more hierarchical nature of Polynesian society I Taboo a prohibition that if violate is believed to bring supernatural punishment Magic beliefs and practices designed to control the visible or invisible world I Sympathetic magic like produces like I Contagious magic contact I Sorcery use of material supernatural malevolence I Witchcraft use of thought and emotion to invoke supernatural malevolence 0 Hard to prove or disprove due to lack of intangible evidence