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Connective Tissues

by: Cierra Beyers

Connective Tissues ANAT-A215

Marketplace > Anatomy > ANAT-A215 > Connective Tissues
Cierra Beyers
GPA 4.05
Basic Human Anatomy
Steve Dougherty

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About this Document

These notes follow the "Tissues II" outline!
Basic Human Anatomy
Steve Dougherty
One Day of Notes
25 ?




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This 6 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Cierra Beyers on Friday January 30, 2015. The One Day of Notes belongs to ANAT-A215 at a university taught by Steve Dougherty in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 169 views.


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Date Created: 01/30/15
CHARACTERISICS 0F CONNECTIVE TISSUES binds supports protects other tissues and organs derived from mesenchyme embryonic CT can develop into any tissue Consists of Cells the cells don t have a free surface Matrix the nonliving material surrounding the cells 0 m protein I Collagen I Elastin I Reticular 0 Ground Substance cytoplasm Vascularity varies CLASSIFICATION OF CT Connective Tissue Proper Matrix is gellike Loose CT 0 Areolar CT I Contains fibroblasts makes blasts protein fibers many irregularly arranged fibers and it is very vascular I Location surrounds nerves muscles and some organs I Function packaging and binding material helps hold structures together 0 Adipose Fat Tissue I Contains adipocytes fat cells I Location primarily in skin I Function energy source insulation against temperature changes and protection against trauma I VERY VASCULAR a lot of blood vessels Dense CT 0 Dense Irregular CT Contains fibroblasts protein fibers are irregularly arranged bundles I Location skin dermis Function strength and support in all directions VERY VASCULAR o Dense Regular CT I Contains fibroblasts protein fibers are arranged in parallel bundles I Location tendons bone to muscle and ligaments bone to bone I Function strength and support in one direction I POOR VASCLARITY Cartilage semisolid matrix avascular exible heals slowly cells chondroblasts help make it and chondrocytes help maintain after formed cells in lacunae o Hyaline clear Cartilage I Matrix contains very fine collagen fibers I Location found on articular surfaces ends of long bones nasal septum trachea fetal skeleton I Function support and protection 0 Fibrocartilage I Matrix contains thick collagen fibers I Location found in intervertebral disks symphysis pubic and menisci I Function supports and withstands compression 0 Elastic Cartilage I Matrix contains numerous elastic fibers I Location outer ear and larynx voice box I Function exibility and strength Bone Osseous Connective Tissue matrix is rigid 3 kinds of cells found in bone 0 Osteoblasts immature bone cells I Create bone 0 Osteocyte mature bone cells I Maintain bone 0 Osteoclasts I Break downreabsorb bone 2 kinds of bone tissue found within each of your bones 0 Compact dense outer shell of bone 0 Spongy cancellous inner latticework of bone I Hemopoietic red bone marrow tissue found within spaces Makes blood BONE IS VERY VASCULAR Vascular Tissue Blood 0 Contains blood cells or formed elements and liquid matrix called plasma 0 Has a lot of nonliving matrix plasma 0 Function transport MUSCLE TISSUE moves body and material within body Classification 0 Smooth Visceral Muscle Tissue I Spindleshaped cells I Found in walls of all hollow organs except heart I One centrallylocated nucleus I Involuntary control 0 Cardiac Muscle tissue I Short cylindrical cells I Has one or TWO centrallylocated nuclei I Some cells are bifurcated branching Yshaped I Intercalated discs mass of protein holding discs together I Striations I Involuntary o Skeletal Muscle Tissue I Long cylindrical cells I Multinucleated I Nuclei located at periphery of cell I Striations I Voluntary NERVOUS TISSUE makes up the nervous system Classification 0 Neurons I Generate and conduct nerve impulses 0 Supporting Cells neuroglia I Support protect and nourish neurons Letter D for the question FLEXIBLE


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