Art History II: Exam 3 Week 3
Art History II: Exam 3 Week 3 ART 1023
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 1023 at Mississippi State University taught by Benjamin Harvey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see History of Art 2 in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 04/01/16
03/28/16 Hogarth Breakfast Scene (Marriage a la Mode) Circa 1745 Oil on canvas “Fashionable marriage” not “marriage with ice cream” Marriage a la Mode: a series of six paintings (to be replicated as engravings/prints) o Illustrates a bad marriage between an aristocrat and the daughter of a politician (old money & new money) o Remember: prints are in reverse Joseph Wright of Derby A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery… in Which a Lamp is Put in Place of the Sun Circa 176365 Oil on canvas Caravaggisti shown with extreme tenebrism Universe compared to a machine o Orrery showing planets and eclipses Joseph Wright of Derby is part of the enlightenment movement o Bringing rationality/logic into the world Jefferson Monticello (nr. Charlottesville, Virginia) 17701806 Alludes to the Pantheon o Temple front on a building with a domed ceiling It is a “working estate”; people actually live in it and the land is managed Similar to French Palladianism (shudders on windows and other details), but tweaked for America 03/30/16 JacquesLouis David Oath of the Horatii Oil on canvas 1784 Romantic Period Goya The Third of May 1808 181415 Oil on canvas Continues the story in the painting The Second of May, 1808 Contrast between the executions/death and the church/religion Géricault Raft of the Medusa 181819 Oil on canvas Transitional artist between Romanticism and NeoClassism The Medusa (ship) crashes, some passengers take life boats, others (~150) make a raft from scrap wood; painting is of the surviving 15 on the raft just before they are rescued by The Argos (some figures on are dead) Originally titled Scene of a Shipwreck to downplay its political statements 04/01/16 Delacroix Death of Sardanapalus 1827 Oil on canvas Newer type of subject matter; “Orientalist” subject Turner The Slave Ship (Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying, Typhoon Coming On) 1840 Oil on canvas Turner was an abolitionist Reference to the Zong Case (notorious case [based on compensation], ship captains wouldn’t get compensation for dead slaves remaining on board, but could gain insurance for slaves lost at sea) o Captain is throwing dead, dying, and sick overboard (to be blamed on the storm) to claim compensation No horizon line to create confusion and distressed feeling (like the ship’s passengers) Pathetic Fallacy: weather is in accordance with the events/emotions happening (sad=rain, etc.) Realism Realism is very strongly associated with Courbet and visa versa Subject is usually of humble origins, ordinary and “plain” subjects Courbet The Stone Breakers 1849 (displayed in the Salon of 1850) Oil on canvas Large canvas (usually reserved for history and biblical paintings) o Figures are painted very nearly to life size o Political statement about the importance of the working class
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