New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Russian 100 Week of 3/28 Notes

by: Sarah Jessica Harris

Russian 100 Week of 3/28 Notes 637747

Marketplace > Pennsylvania State University Altoona > Russian > 637747 > Russian 100 Week of 3 28 Notes
Sarah Jessica Harris
Pennsylvania State University Altoona
GPA 3.22

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Happy studies!
Russian 100
Irene Hurd
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Russian 100

Popular in Russian

This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Jessica Harris on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 637747 at Pennsylvania State University Altoona taught by Irene Hurd in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Russian 100 in Russian at Pennsylvania State University Altoona.

Similar to 637747 at Pennsylvania State University Altoona


Reviews for Russian 100 Week of 3/28 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 04/01/16
Russian 100 Notes for Week of 3/28/16    ● Stalin  ­Industrialized the country   ­Led his country to victory in WWII  ● Russians knew nothing about their history, all they ever knew were lies. They  became eventually overwhelmed by it.  ● Their number one source of news to this day is television, the most watched  program is the evening news.***  ● There are members of the middle class (younger people, under 35 usually) who  get their news from the internet.  ● Most of the population lives in the cities. Most families have just one child,  although the government is pushing for three (trying to grow the population).  ● Reasons for smaller families...  ­Expensive/Cost of living  ­Small living areas  ­Not enough day care centers  ● Reasons for housing shortage (during Communism)  ­Devastation, most cities were rubble (the rebuilding of factories took precedent  over housing)  ­Everyone moved from the rural areas to the cities, the jobs were there, but there  just wasn’t enough room for the influx of people (low rents were a big factor).  ­High divorce rate  ● Reasons for housing shortages (after the fall of Communism)  ­Many small wars caused people to flee. Refugees***   ­Returning military. Many officers and their families returning from other  countries, now had no place to live (many stayed in tent cities).  ­ 2­3 million homeless people.  ­Russians coming in from the former republics, especially the Baltic countries.   ­After the fall of communism, the government allowed people to privatize  housing. The   Mafia would come in and threaten the elderly. Threatening to kill them if they did  not sell.  Family members would also pressure elderly to sell their  homes/apartments to them.   They were promised that they would still be able to live there, but often they were  left   Homeless on the streets.  ● Child/Parent relationships...  ­Very close family bond  ­No giving off family members as they got older, no assisted living type deal  ­Children are very spoiled, they grow up to be very self­centered, pampered,  etc…  ­They were very use to conforming at home, it gave them a certain rigidity.  Young people were expected to conform (this led to high suicide rates in teens,  especially in LGBTQ situations)  ­The children are smothered by their parents  ­No young people worked or did chores under communism. Their parents found it  shameful (they never understood why Americans let their children work). Now,  many of them have to.  ● Education (under communism)...  ­Favorite form of punishment (still true today) ­ #1 public shaming, #2 ostracism  (never used corporal punishment).  ­Usually start school at the age of 6.   ­Compulsory education is 9 years*** If they plan on going on to a University, it is  11 years.  ­Topics of focus are maths and sciences  ­All schools had the same curriculum and the same books  ­Schools starts Sept. 1 and ends June 30   ­Some schools have to go in shifts (during the day)  ­School was 30 hours a week, six days a week. Saturdays were half days  dedicated to the arts  ­Under communism, uniforms were mandatory.  ● Curriculum  ­Highly focused on math and the sciences  ­Very heavy homework load  ● Most prestigious professions under Communism  ­Math  ­Sciences  ­Engineering  ­Journalism  ● Why journalism?  ­With journalism, there was a chance to be stationed abroad. Particularly in the  United States.  ● Teachers below the University level, were predominantly female. Administrators  were predominantly male. Teaching is not a good paying profession and not  considered prestigious.  ●  University is five years. Education was free, plus government giving you money  for food and a place to stay (Stipend).  ● To get into a university you had to take an entrance exam.   ● Why did the government limit the number of applicants?  ­During communism, the government needed men in the military  ● Problems (post fall of communism)  ­Lack of textbooks due to absence of money.  ­Inflation.  ­Young people couldn’t go to school, so they started working.  ­Stipend stopped.  ­Private schools popped up everywhere, parents wanted to send their children to  these schools for a better education. Many of the rich sent their children to boarding  schools in England. Attendance to private schools causes many government run  schools to close.  ● Most prestigious professions after the fall of communism  ­Business  ­Banking  ­Economics  ­Law  ­Computer Programming  ­Foreign Language  ● At first, when Russian students went to English boarding schools, they were lazy,  did not want to work hard, and were homesick. As time went on, they became  some of the best students the schools had.  ● Students could make money by tutoring  ● Corruption ­ professors would demand bribes from students. A good grade could  be 400­500 dollars.   ­There was more cheating than ever before  ­Students were disrespectful to their professors  ­Professors, when applying for a job, would provide fake resumes  ● Two changes  ­2009, students must take final exams to graduate high school, but instead of  final exams, they have an SAT equivalent.   ­Many universities require an interview, in addition to exam scores.  ● Stereotypically, Russians are workshy, lazy, like to drink, and have poor business  instincts (however, this really only applies to the older generation). The younger  generation is very hard working and driven. The older generation, is not  ambitious or career driven.*****  ● Youth Organizations Under Communism:  ­Little Octoberist League ​(during communism) ­ had to wear a symbol to show  what group they were from. Their symbol was a five pointed star with the face of a little  boy (suppose to be Lenin). These school children learned songs and poems about  Lenin.   ­Young Pioneers ​ (also during communism) Around age 9. Symbol was a  triangular red scarf that they would wear around their necks (they can be compared to  boy/girl scouts. All the children/young people belonged to these organizations.   ­The Young Communist League ​ (under communism) ​ Komsomal ​ ­ Started at  age 14. Like a training ground for the communist party. Teachers would look for  qualities in these young people, that would make them good candidates for the  Communist party. Only a few would be admitted, if they were interested.   ● If you wanted to be successful in the Soviet Union...  ­Have a higher education  ­Pick the right career (maths, sciences, engineering)  ­Be a member of the Communist party (this was the key)  ● Why young people joined the Communist party...  ­They believed in the ideology  ­They wanted to have all the privileges that came along with being a member of  the party  ● Later, about 7% of the population belonged to the communist party***  ● Communist party privileges...  ­all the best jobs were reserved for them  ­better apartments  ­access to the best shops  ­their own hospitals and doctors, the best of the best  ­their own dacha   ­private clubs  ­could import a doctor from the west  ­some were allowed to travel (always in pairs, never alone)  ● Why keep the membership so small?  ­easier to discipline   ­easier to control  ● The average young person has very little interest in politics***   ● The Draft...  ­women are not drafted to this day  ­when a male turns 17, he must sign up for the draft  ­at 18, they are drafted  ­can be drafted through the age of 27  ­the only exemption from the draft, is education   ● Life of a recruit  ­hazing  ­payed very little  ­indoctrination  ­they are a great  source of cheap labor  ● “Rebellion” among young people, in the 70’s. This was during detente. The  young people were spoiled and bored and indifferent and wanted contact with the  west. They were alienated and had no interest in politics. They didn’t like  communism and felt sorry for their parents. They were still extremely patriotic,  however, and so conformed, despite their intense fascination with the United  States.   ● Three things they obsessed about  ­western clothing, especially blue jeans***  ­music ­ they have a true appreciation for the arts. Anything that was popular in  the US was popular there (the only genre they didn’t like was country and  bluegrass).  ­fads ­ in the 70’s the major fad was t­shirts, the most popular ones, with  American logos on them.   ● The 90’s   ­the obsession grew even more, by the late 90’s  ­McDonald’s  ­Snickers  ­Pizza (they had never known what this was, previously)   ­Soft drinks (coke and pepsi)  ­Imported beers and vodka (beer took hold, especially with the young  people)  ­Cigarettes           


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.