soc 108 chapter 8
soc 108 chapter 8 SOC 108
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Briana montgomery on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 108 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Gregory Maddox in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.
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Date Created: 04/01/16
Hello I’m Briana Montgomery Soc 108 Mr.Maddox Notes chapter 8 Social stratification - Is the creation of layers of a population which process unequal shares if scarce desirables, the most important of which are income,wealth,power, and prestige Social class A segment of the population whose members hold a relatively similar share of scarce desirables who share values, norms and an identifiable lifestyle Stratification structure might include; Upper upper upper middle upper lower class Middle upper middle middle middle lower class Lower upper lower middle lower lower class Karl marx and max weber -Made most significant early contributions to the study of social stratification Marx demonstrated the importance of economic foundations of social classes Weber accented the prestige and power aspects of stratification Economic Dimensions Marx economic factor was an independent variable explaining the existence of social classes Weber economic dimensions as a dependent variable, more concerned with economic consequences of stratification Marx find several social classes in the 19th century industrial society; Laborers Servants Factory workers Craft people Proprietors of small businesses Money capitalists Bourgeoisie - would be the rulers Those who worked for wages are the proletariat - would be the ruled Life chances The likelihood of securing the good things in life, such as Housing Education Good health Food. Income- is the amount of money received by an individual or a group Wealth - refers to all the economic resources possessed by an individual or group Power dimension Power - is the ability to control others against their will and people who use the power use it to enhance their own interests Prestige dimension Prestige - recognition, respect, and admiration attached to social positions Conspicuous consumption - people with sufficient economic resources may use their wealth to enhance their prestige, they may consume goods and services to display their wealth to others Functional theory of stratification Inequality renders a service Weakness First there are many people who have power Prestige and wealth whose contributions to society do not seem b=very important Conflict theory of stratification Melvin tumin - Concluded that stratification exists not because it is necessary for the benefit of society but because it helps people holding the most power and economy resources to maintain the status quo Conflict theory based on Marxian ideas regarding class conflict; History has been a class struggle between the powerful and powerless, the exploiters and exploited False consciousness -refer to working class acceptance of the dominant ideology Symbolic interactionist theory of stratification Class consciousness -a sense of identification with the goals and interests of the members of one's own social class Working poor - consist of people employed in low skill jobs with the lowest pay Under class - is composed of people who are usually unemployed and who come from families with a history of jobs are on public assistance Absolute poverty -is the absence of enough money to secure life's necessities Relative poverty - is measured by comparing the economic condition of those at the bottom of a society with that of others stratification Feminization of poverty - women and children make up a larger proportion of the poor
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