PSYC 1000 - Week 11 Notes
PSYC 1000 - Week 11 Notes Psyc 1000-04
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by HaleyG on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 1000-04 at Tulane University taught by Bethany Rollins in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 04/01/16
PSYC Notes Week 11 March 30 April 1 Chapter 5 Variations in Attachment Ainsworth's Strange Situation Test: test for studying attachment; baby and its parent are put into a room with new toys and studied as the parent leaves and returns Secure attachment Explore, play, check in, and then distress upon separation Responsive caregivers Insecure attachment Ambivalent/resistant: alternate between clinging and rejecting, extreme distress upon separation, and avoid contact upon return Inconsistent caregivers Avoidant: avoid or ignore caregiver Neglectful/abusive caretakers Kids who have secure attachment are more likely to be competent, cooperative, persistent, popular, and happier Attachment style is reflected in adult relationships Gender roles: cultural expectations regarding what is acceptable/appropriate behavior for males and females Toys marketed to boys reflect violence, movement, and competition, while toys marketed to girls are focused on beauty, nurturing, and domesticity Chapter 14 Personality: enduring psychological and behavioral characteristics The study of individual differences 4 main approaches Psychodynamic approach Freud's psychoanalytic theory: first theory of personality; wrong, but hugely influential Childhood experiences, sexual/aggressive urges, and the unconscious mind (thoughts/feelings/desires below conscious awareness) Some symptoms of disorders are without medical explanations, so they must be due to psychological problems Solutions through awareness Free association: encouraging patient to say whatever comes to mind, without censoring Dream analysis Structure of personality Id: basic instincts, pleasure principle, instant gratification Ego: reality, delayed gratification, mediator (develops later to mediate Id) Superego: conscience, morality, perfection Iceberg analogy: mind is mostly subconscious thoughts although we only see the conscious thoughts Defense mechanisms: unconscious tactics that protect us from unpleasant emotions by hiding/distorting reality Repression: pushing troubling thoughts out of conscious awareness; main defense mechanism Development occurs in childhood through psychosexual stages, each focusing on an erogenous zone; conflict between complying with demands of society and satisfying urges Erogenous zone: pleasuresensitive areas of body Fixation: enduring focus on particular erogenous zone; occurs when urges aren't satisfied Oral stage: mouth, weaning fixation Anal stage: anus, toilet training fixation Phallic stage: genitals Oepidus complex: males develop sexual desire for mother and jealousy for father, so he tries to become more like his father Electra complex: penis envy; affection for father; scared of losing mother's affection so tries to become more like her mother Babies become penis substitutes Latency period: age 6adolescence, no erogenous zones Genital stage: penis and vagina; transferred desire from parents to more appropriate partner NeoFreudians: people who elaborated/changed Freud's theories More emphasis on conscious mind and social influences, less emphasis on sex and aggression Humanistic Trait Socialcognitive
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