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Test Notes (Not an actual thing)

by: John Vazquez

Test Notes (Not an actual thing) PSCI 1024

John Vazquez
Virginia Tech

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Dont look at this
Comparative Government and Politics
Dr. Taylor
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by John Vazquez on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1024 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Dr. Taylor in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Comparative Government and Politics in Political Science at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

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Date Created: 04/01/16
 The Soviet Union o Was an authoritarian political system o Was ruled by the Communist party o Existed for 74 years o Was an empire spanning many demographics (185) nationalities, of which  Russians made up the majority  Most of these groups split off and became independent when the USSR  collapsed  Models of Authoritarianism o Oppressive structures o Non­accountability of elites o Subversion of democratic forms o Directed participation  Karl Marx o Labor theory of value  The only way to produce value is through labor o Owners exploit workers  They steal the value of your labor  Marxism­Leninism o Dictatorship of the proletariat o The party as vanguard of the proletariat  Democratic Centralism o The Communist Party must be highly disciplined o Discussion until decision o Obey the decision absolutely afterwards  Parallel Authorities o There is a party structure working within every level of government  The Ideology Provides the Truth o Only the Communist Party contains the truth o Multiple parties confuse the situation with lies  Totalitarianism o Independent political life is eliminated o Bureaucracies directed everything  “Here is what you must do, here is what you must not do”  “You are one cog in a machine”  Results o Political oppression o Economic stagnation o Individuals need the opportunity to decide so that they can explore multiple  solutions, and therefore have a better chance of finding the correct solution  Reforms o Gorbachev proposed restructuring in order to overcome these problems o Perestroika: restructuring the economy o Glasnost: openness as a democracy  Transition from a Communist State o National identity  There are 185 different nationalities in the USSR o Privatization of the economy  How do you do this?  Do you sell them?  If so, to who? o Creation of political structures  The Russians borrowed from the French  Economic Transition o 2 options:  Shock therapy: do it suddenly; this hurts the people, especially the poor,  but should balance out well in the long term  Gradualism: hopefully, this should avoid the hurt of shock therapy, though it is slow  Russians o Alienated from politics  Feel no need to participate o Intensely concerned about the future regardless o Wanted democracy o Wished for strong leadership  Adaptation of the Elite o The nomenklatura (bureaucracy) continues, often as the new capitalist  entrepreneurs o Some turnover  Political Culture o Trust and distrust o Very low social capital  Russians don’t think that they can make a difference o Recruiting new elite o From statism to pluralism o Interest groups being censored


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