Art History 205 Week Notes in Class and Readings
Art History 205 Week Notes in Class and Readings ARH 205
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassandra Helgen on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 205 at University of Oregon taught by Carmen Lord in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see in Art History at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 04/01/16
ARH 205 Week 1 Notes Heritage of the Roman Empire and Early Christian Art - Almost from the beginning of time (emergence of Homo Sapiens) art is created o Reference to George Johnson timelines Homo neanderthalensis burying musical instruments with their dead, evidence of creative activity and cultural works Ancient Rome - Empire of Tiberius through Trajan o Ariel and Reconstruction for the colosseum (Flavius Amphitheatre) Interesting notes about colosseum: Mock sea battles created by flooding theatre Broken pieces of pottery used as tickets Built for quick exits of the crowd after performances Cages of animals and men beneath wooden floor Machines for raising and lowering of stage floor - Those who invaded Rome believed they were continuing Roman Law The Pantheon, Rome 117-125 CE - Dedicated to worship of Roman Gods o Roman Emperors believed themselves to be God’s Begins very thick at the base of the dome to reduce weight for height of building Oculus- light moved and illuminated sculptures throughout building Notes From Readings: Roman Roman and Byzantine Architecture and Art -Roman - Temple of Portunus - Architecture influenced by Greek and Etruscan traditions o High Podium o Flight of steps only at front o Overlaid with Roman stucco to mimic Greek Marble - Temple of Vesta o Round temple- Greek o Made of concrete not Masonry blocks- Roman o Travertine Corinthian columns and a frieze of garlands held up by ox heads- Greek o High podium can only be reached via a narrow stairway, producing axial alignment to temple - Sanctuary of Fortuna o Used concrete barrel vaults for construction- Roman o Transformed entire hillside o Shops selling food, souvenirs, and other things aligned on the two levels Roman Sculpture -Patrons of republican temples and sanctuaries almost always were men or persons from distinguished families - Verism (Super Realism) - Almost exclusively men of advanced age - Required brutally realistic renditions with their personal features to match traditional household image -Tivoli General - Contrasting greek full-body portraiture, Romans believed the head or bust was sufficient - Often looked misplaced when paired with Roman body sculptures, example with Tivoli- body modeled after Greek, athletic body paired with lined, older face -Julias Caesar - Placed his own likeness on coin, first to do so because divinities were commonly placed on coins - First to use coins to mold public opinion of ruler -Nonelite Portraiture - Roman slaves couldn’t possess portraiture, family not people but property - Freed slaved ordered portraits to their tombs to commemorate freedom -Pompeii, the Cities, and Vesuvius - Architecture o Pedestrians used stepping stones to cross streets without having to step in puddles o Center of civic life was Forum -Early Empire: - Pax Romana o Two centuries of peace when Empire commissioned huge numbers of public work projects for happiness of citizens Bathing houses, roads, theaters, amphitheaters, and bridges o Most reliefs and sculptures used to portray, often propagandist, images of the emperors - Augustus and the Juli-Claudians o Portraits of god-like leader who never aged - Forum of Augustus o Most ambitious project in capital o Filled with portraits of Julian family ranging back to Aenaeas, made Augustus’s family history part of Roman state’s official history - Flavians o Built the colosseum o Upon fall of Rome, most marble seats were taken away, revealing concrete skeleton of the building - Flavian Portrature o Vespasian’s portraits alluded back to old Republican ways of showing aging, although not as severely o People of all ages were depicted, rather than just elders o Sculptures started using drills for portraiture
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