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HDFS 129 notes 12

by: Camryn McCabe

HDFS 129 notes 12 HDFS 129

Marketplace > HDFS 129 > HDFS 129 notes 12
Camryn McCabe
Penn State
GPA 3.81

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notes from 3/29-3/31 includes notes from guest lecture on pornography
Intro to HDFS
Molly Countermine
Class Notes
HDFS, pornography
25 ?




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Camryn McCabe on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 129 at a university taught by Molly Countermine in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.

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Date Created: 04/01/16
Notes from 3/29-3/31 Sexual Socialization (Pornography) Making sense of what we see and do Some people have strong viewpoints on porn  Love to love  Love to hate  Hate to love  Hate to hate Is porn good or bad?  Affects… o Industry o Content o Distribution o Physiology o Psychology o Behaviorism o Etc. How did we get here? (How did porn become the huge industry that it is today?)  The Internet!!!  Triple-A Engine: available, affordable, anonymous  Porn sites o 2000- 16,000 o 2005- 170,000 o 2012- 5,000,000+ It’s all for a profit  How to increase profit o Include latest new ways to have sex o Drug use for extreme sex When does it become violent?  Popular content  Verbal aggression (48.7% of scenes) o Insulting o Threats o Coercive language  Physical aggression (88.2% of scenes) o Slapping o Forced gagging o Choking Notes from 3/29-3/31 Brain on porn  Love-social neuroscience o Oxytocin, vasopressin, dopamine, serotonin  Porn causes the brain to release neurotransmitters combination NOT the same as in sex/masturbation o Serotonin o Adrenaline o Testosterone o Dopamine o Endorphin  Porn causes more of a stimulant effect Is porn addictive?  Dopamine transmission in Nucleus Accumbens  Shows tolerance  Porn arousal  stimulant arousal o Like cocaine, similar dopamine In the brain, masturbation without porn looks more like real sex Porn induced erectile dysfunction  Men reported “impotence” to get Viagra  Erections were re-established after 30-60 days of no porn o For young people- more like 90 days Sexuality  Female sexuality- constructed to be inauthentic o Fake breasts, Botox, unnatural waist size  Male sexuality- dominant, strong, sex is emotionless  Self-sexulation and self-objectification o Lowers self-esteem o Associated with depression, body monitoring, and eating disorders o Increases body dissatisfaction o Associated with less sexual health behaviors (condom use, assertiveness) o Impairs mental function  Sexualization of girls- when young girls dress as old; when older girls dress as young  Sexual Scripting Theory- Simon and Gagnon; 1984, 2005 Notes from 3/29-3/31 Marriage, Diversity of Adult Lifestyles, and the Decision to Have Children Importance of marriage  Why get married?  50’s & 60’s: marriage was about providing security and having children; roles were defined o “Having children and creating stability”  Today: marriage is about personal fulfillment; finding your soulmate; marrying your best friend o “Personal happiness and fulfillment”  Why the change? o Women working, birth control, views on premarital sex and cohabitation Marriage today  Average duration of marriage is 9 years  By 5 years, 22% of marriages have ended  Divorce rate has been pretty stable at 50% since mid 80’s  Why has the divorce rate remained so high? o Rash decisions (internet could have some effect on this), changing religious views, wider acceptance of divorce Age at first marriage  50’s & 60’s: 21 for women, 23 for men  Now- 27 for women, 29 for men Andrew Cherlin  His book- “The Marriage-go-round”  We evaluate marriage in a very self-centered way o “Am I getting what I want?”  Americans get married more, divorced more, and have more live- in partners than people in other countries  What concerns Cherlin is the cumulative effect of all this partnering on children Does “all this partnering” matter?  YES  Children who have experienced multiple transitions at home tend to have more behavior problems at school Notes from 3/29-3/31  More likely to have sex at an earlier age  Less likely to graduate from high school  More likely to have a first child outside of marriage  Cherlin says “slow down” Common myths about marriage  Conflict will ruin your marriage  Affairs are the main cause of divorce  Men are biologically not made for marriage  The best marriages are found in couples who share the same interests What makes a marriage work  Solving solvable conflicts: perpetual v. solvable problems o Focus on problems you CAN solve  Letting your partner influence you  Create a shared meaning for your marriage  Respect and forgiveness Unhappy marriages  Increases an individual’s risk of getting sick by 30%  Can shorten a person’s life by 4 years What makes successful marriages? (in order) 1. Being faithful 2. Fulfilling sexual relationship 3. Sharing household chores 4. Adequate income 5. Good housing 6. Shared religious beliefs 7. Shared interests 8. Having children 9. Agreement on politics Living Single  1950: 22% of adults live alone  2012: 50% of adults live along o Women: 55% o Men: 45%  Most living singles are between ages of 35 and 64, but young adults (21-34) are the fastest growing population of those living alone Reasons living single is on the rise  Sexual freedom Notes from 3/29-3/31  Technology (you can feel connected w/o living with someone)  People are living longer (partner dies, person decides to stay on their own)  Less desire to have kids  Pursue one’s own schedule  Make decisions independently  Privacy and solitude Cohabitation  70-90% of couples will live together before marriage  Used to think that cohabitation meant a greater likelihood of divorce o Now we know there are group differences  Working class: combined income of about $40K per year  Middle class: combined income of about $68K per year  Serial cohabiter: continuously cohabitates with different partners Working class couples  Moved in together more rapidly  More likely to divorce  Cited finances as a reason to move in together  This is referred to as “sliding”, not deciding o “It just seems easier,” instead of “What does this mean for our relationship?” Middle class couples  Decision to move in together was more deliberate and thought out  Became engaged and formed marriage plans more often and more rapidly  See cohabitation as step to marriage Serial cohabiters  View cohabitation as test of relationship  Less of a commitment to long-term relationship  More likely to divorce Gender differences in straight couples  Males more likely than females to express lower levels of commitment to partner  Males more likely to state that they aren’t ready for marriage, even though they know their partner is  Females more likely to do more housework Notes from 3/29-3/31  Females more likely to gain weight Reasons to cohabitate  Utilitarian (working class): financial reasons o Correlated with divorce  Intimate involvement: strong commitment; no plan to marry; wait and see; “test the waters” o Correlated with divorce  Prelude to marriage: have set a date; no reason to wait  Alternative to marriage: don’t want to get married but are committed Gay and lesbian couples (and marriage)  Similar to straight couples on day-to-day basis  Place same value on trust, commitment, and monogamy  Face same struggles  More flexible in gender roles (bc they share the same gender)  Better at communicating  Children of gay and lesbian couples are not more likely to be gay/lesbian o No difference in mental health or developmental outcomes


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