Week 13 Notes
Week 13 Notes ART 1906
Popular in Art History Survey 1
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Warren on Friday April 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 1906 at East Carolina University taught by Michael Duffy in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Art History Survey 1 in Art History at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 04/01/16
NOTE FOR READER: For notes in this class I will give the full name of the painting or piece of art so that you can either look them up in your book or hopefully online if you do not have a book. Hope this makes it easier to study! Art History__________________________Week 13__________________________Class Notes Crucifixion and Iconoclasts: 843 Pg. 247 (Figure 815) This is a figure without any definite structure. Theodora removed the policy shown here on March 11, 893. Icons were banned. This piece of art was from a hymn book, the page on the right side of the book. The Christs stands on a platform. This is a symbol of icons Virgin and Child in the Apse of Hagia Sophia: 867 Pg. 248 (Figure 816) There was a ceremony in a patriarchal church. This was a piece dedicated to the church and is a mosaic. They are on a throne, the body of the virgin is large and the blue is intense, she is the queen of heaven. She is pointing to Christ and showing that he is the way. The Christ’s movements symbolize that he is teaching. Christ Pantokrator with Scenes from the Life of Christ: Middle byzantine era: 1100 Pg. 252 (Figure 821) Found in Daphni, Greece This was the dome in Church of Dormition This dome was considered a symbol of the universe. Pantokrator is the image of the dome and centered at the crest like a seal of divine sanction. Christ raises his hand and holds the book of the bible. The face is animated and the eyes are wide open to show he is aware of everything going on. Zones of the church: Apps image over alter. Church functions happened here and like other images in churches, the most sacred were at top and the most worldly at bottom. Crucifixion: 1100 Pg. 253 (Figure 822) This image represents a lot of emotion. This is a mosaic from the lower part of the Monastery church Represents that Christ was seen as a new Adam, who was sacrificed for humanity’s sake from sins brought on by Adam. Front (A) and Back (B) of the Harbaville Triptych: Mid10 Century Pg. 255 (Figure 825a) Christ is in the center between Mary and St. John. This shows the act of prayer. This piece of art focused on private prayer Christ Crowning Emperor Romanos II and Empress Eudokia: 945949 Pg. 256 (Figure 826) Coemperor with his father. Christ is blessing the crowns of the two who are being married in an arrangement. This is the year that Constaintine VII crowned his son Romanos II as coemperor. Romanos II wears a pearl necklace. David Composing the Psalms: 950 Pg. 256 (Figure 827) Revival of manuscript illumination: painting images on the pages with text. This was the first time of the prayer book being carried into the service of worship. Center shepherd seated among his sheep. David is the writer of psalms. David is like the new Orpheus: links up old pagan past and the Christians Has a beautifully painted landscape in the background. th Virgin of Vladimir: 12 Century Pg. 258 (Figure 828) Shipped to Kiev which is in Ukrain. Part of Eastern orthodox Christian religion. The faces were retouched with paint Represents the virgin of compassion: Lips being pressed together in tenderness. St. Luke painted this, they had a strong sense of emotion. Saw a vision and painted this piece. Gateway to a world of awareness and greater faith in this time. Icons protected people in terrible times. Plan of the Monastery Church of Christ in Chora, Constantinople: originally 10771081 Expanded in 13151321 Pg. 259 (Figure 829) Constructed during the Palaeologue Renaissance. This church was expanded many times. Mosaics in the Vaulting of the Inner Narthex: 13151321 Pg. 259 (Figure 830) The dome and arches are very intricate. There is a sense of the common man and woman in this The Infant Virgin Mary caressed by her Parents Joachim and Anna: 13151321 Pg. 262 (Figure 833) The figures are shown very close and this is a very real and likeable story. Background is of buildings and land, real life and pushes the figure into an actual space. We can empathize with them since they look more real. Mary is turning her head to look into his eyes and reaching towards her mother’s face: loving. Jesus rides on Josephs shoulders. Very real and empathetic scenes. Anastasis: 1321 Pg. 260 (Figure 831) Half Dome Resurrection in the apostolic gospel This is a story from another book that is not in the Bible. It tells that limbo is where Jesus ascended after dying on the cross. In this image Jesus is wearing all white and glowing. Adam and Eve are being rescued from Limbo. Satan is scrunched up and bundled up in the bottom. The other figures are looking up to him waiting to be rescued. All the figures are responding to him. Funerary Chapel (Parekklesion): 13151321 Pg. 261 (Figure 832) Andrey Rublyov The Hospitality of Abraham: 14101425 Pg. 263 (Figure 835) This is a symbol of the Trinity. Source was from the Hebrew Bible, of Abraham and Sarah entertaining 3 strangers who all represented God. There is a sense of geometry throughout the work. CHAPTER 9 ISLAMIC WORLD (Map 91) The Kaaba, Mecca Pg. 266 (Figure 92) This is where many Islamic people travel for their pilgrimage. Exterior view (A) and Cutaway Drawing (B) of the Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem: 691 Pg. 296 (Figure 93a) Two Jewish temples resided here before this was built. This was thought to be where Abraham tried to sacrifice his son for God. Muhamad was sent to heaven here and then returned with the rules of Islamic culture and political Exterior view of cutaway drawing of the dome of the rock, Jerusalem: 691 Pg. 296 (Figure 93b) People walk in two different directions to read the scripture on the walls Interior, Dome of the Rock: 691 Pg. 270 (Figure 94) Ornamented well, flooring is not original but the original was highly ornamented also. First walking clockwise and then counterclockwise to read the inscriptions Mosaics represent the garden of paradise. The Great Mosque of Kairouan: 875 Pg. 271 (Figure 95) A specific wall faces mecca, and there was stools to worship on. 3/30/16 Elements of Architecture: Arches Pg. 274 Roman arch, horseshoe arch, pointed arch, and keel arch Minbar: 11251130 Pg. 274 (Figure 99) Constructed by the book sellers mosque On the sides is fine craftwork, and finely cut wood panels. Geometric and organic patters are commonly used together. The 8 painted stars are present, and elongated hexagon that is inlaid with ivory. Called assemblies: Yahya Ibn alWasiti The Maqamat of AlHariri: 1237 Pg. 264 (Figure 91) Represents daily life The silvertonged of a scoundrel named Abu Zayd, is cunning and triumphs over others often. He is also usually in very appealing and interesting settings. Manuscript form Bagdad in Iraq This is a congregational sermon at mast. Very fine work with ink and gold pigments used. Page from the Qur’an: 1937 Pg. 275 (Figure 910) This was Arab script writing. Went from parchment to paper, then there was a proliferation of books. The calligraphers are very prestigious because it was a lot of training, and took a lot of skill and effort. th th Plate with Kufic Boarder: 10 12 Century Pg. 276 (Figure 911) From Khurasan. Was popular in other media other than plates too. Only decoration used on this white pottery. In the region of Nishapur. Bowls were also made with this design, out of earth and clay is what this plate was made from it was made from. They were covered with a lead glaze which was clear. The ground is white slip applied under the ink and under the double glaze. th Lusterware Jar: 10 Century Pg. 277 (Figure 912) This style developed in Iraq and lead glaze was still used here. Luster refers to the shiny surface used on this piece. Silver, copper and gold oxides were used to paint this piece Fired pieces: Done twice, once to get color then second to take away oxygen and give the surface a sheen. Tiles has this same technique done to them and were decorated the same way. At first pottery was covered with luster all over the surface of the piece and then as time went on specific places were. The whole piece seems to be divided up into rectangles. Not much figural art on Islamic vessels, but the figures on these are commonly used, even though it is unclear who they were. Plan (A) and Drawing of Exterior (B) of the Sultan Hasan MadrasaMausoleumMosque complex, Cairo: 13561363 Pg. 278 (Figure 913a) When Mongols came through they occupied different territories and caused friction with different rulers. Momluk’s region came into prominence in 1250 This plan could be used for a school, mosque or mausoleum Outside know: the deflected entrance on the street level. Complex has the classic 4:1 plan. Each hall served as a classroom or different place of study. Qibla Wall with Mihrab and Minbar: 13561363 Pg. 278 (Figure 914) In this particular complex the mausoleum is just inside the Keble wall Mosaic, marble, stucco, different types of ornamentations, stars and Kufic text. Court of the Lions, Alhambra: 13541391 Pg. 280 (Figure 915) There was many different types of building in this complex: 1213 th Part of Sultan Muhamad the 5 There were also observation towers In the castle walls there was an outer wall with an observation room known as mirador and it had windows that framed different views. There is a room off of the court of the lions and this is very magnificent: Sometimes called the muqarnas (Design). This was a room where meals were held and musical shows. There were concave and convex forms attached to the walls. Windows put off light. Tile Mosaic Mihrab: 1354 Pg. 282 (Figure 917) Ceramic decoration were used in this piece of artwork. Each tile piece was cut. The keel profile nitch was used. Color scheme was white, cobalt blue, accents of yellow and green. ShahI Zinda Funerary Complex: 14 15 Century Pg. 282 (Figure 918) Women sought burial in the vicinity to receive blessings from the presence of Qutham b. Abbas Much of this decoration is from Chinese style. It was common in this time, to use styles that the person who the complex was made for liked. Muhammad Ibn alZain Baptistery of St. Louis: 1300 Pg. 284 (Figure 920) Islamic metal work includes scrolls, human and animal figures, calligraphic inscriptions, brass and inlaid with precious metal. Hatching was also used for details. There were figures on the bands at the boarders of this piece. These were made for unidentified aristocratic patrons. Kamal alDin Bihzad Yusuf Fleeing Zulayhka: 1488 Pg. 285 (Figure 922) This copy was found in Egypt. This man had many great works and the only one he signed was found in the Gustan o Biblical story of Joseph when seduced by his master’s wife and he resisted. The elaborate architectural section imitates Jami’s style. This complex looks like the palace and was built for that woman to seduce Joseph
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